GE Dash 9-44CW
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The GE C44-9W is a 4,400 hp (3,281 kW) diesel-electric locomotive built by GE Transportation Systems of Erie, Pennsylvania. Keeping in tradition with GE's locomotive series nicknames beginning with the "Dash 7" of the 1970s, the C44-9W was dubbed the Dash 9 upon its debut in 1993.
Part of GE's "Dash 9" series of locomotives, the Dash 9-44CW shares its frame, HiAd trucks, 16-cylinder 7FDL engine, and 752AH-31 traction motors with the GE Dash 9-40CW. But while the more common 9-44CW offers 4,400 horsepower (3,300 kW), software in the 9-40CW's engine-governing unit restricts its power output to 4,000 horsepower (3,000 kW).
The design has since proven popular with North American railroads, although some railroads, like CSX and Canadian Pacific, preferred its AC equivalent, the AC4400CW. Because of more stringent emissions requirements that came into effect in the United States on January 1, 2005, the Dash 9-44CW has been replaced in production by the GE ES44DC.
Many North American railroads have ordered the C44-9W. They were originally ordered by Chicago & North Western Railway, Santa Fe, BNSF, CSX, Southern Pacific, Canadian National Railway, BC Rail, and Union Pacific Railroad. Norfolk Southern purchased the very similar Dash 9-40CWs.
BNSF Dash 9 #4723 is featured as a drivable locomotive in Microsoft Train Simulator and the actual Dash 9 has stickers on its cab noting this, and Dash 9s are also featured as drivable locomotives in RailWorks 3 and Trainz Simulator.
The BNSF AC44C4M is a GE C44-9W rebuilt with AC traction motors and an A1A-A1A wheel arrangement. The internal controls are similar to those of the newer GE ES44C4. Only some ex-Santa Fe units were rebuilt, as the rebuild program was suspended before any others could undergo rebuilding.
Norfolk Southern also is experimenting with converting their Dash 9-44CW units to A.C. the first unit, (8900) is still being tested. As of November 2015, the rebuild have been officially classified as an AC44C6M.
Norfolk Southern has also converted Dash 9-44CW number 8946 into an AC44C6CF, numbered 8520.
|Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway||100||600–699||All now in service with the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway. 666 renumbered to 599. 599–619 rebuilt to AC44C4M.|
|BC Rail||14||4641–4654||4641–4644 are model C44-9WL|
|BNSF Railway||1697||700–799, 960–1123, 4000–4199, 4300–5532||5530–5532 were originally warranty protection units 5841–5843; Units 1110, 4372, 4385, 4482, 4499, 4563, 4663, 4693, 4709, 4801, 4808, 4934, 5162, 5212 and 5416 wrecked and were retired.|
|Canadian National Railway||228||2500–2727||2500–2522 are model C44-9WL, 2523–2727 are model C44-9CW, 2697–2726 are operated by Illinois Central. 2727 was previously 2667. The 2540 have been retired.|
|Chicago and North Western Transportation Company||130||8601–8730||All have been repainted or patch-renumbered into the Union Pacific Railroad's rosters as numbers 9665-9834.|
|CSX||53||9000–9052||All units still in service that are on the active roster. 5 of the units: 9008, 9018, 9043, 9049 and 9050 were sold to GECX in late 2017. The rest are still on CSX's roster as of September 2018. Units have been de-rated to 4000 hp and classified as CW40-9. 9011 wrecked and was retired. units 9007, 9009, 9020, and 9029 were sold to LTE in late 2019.|
|Estrada de Ferro Carajás (Brazil)||67||801–867||model C44-9WM|
|Ferrovia Norte do Brasil S/A(Brazil)||50||9001–9050||model C44-9WM; fitted with Dash 8 trucks and has a modified cab.|
|Fortescue Metals Group, Western Australia||15||001–015||Fitted with ECP brakes from New York Air Brake|
|General Electric (testbed)||1||905|
|Pilbara Rail, Western Australia||72||7043–7050, 7053–7098, 9404–9409, 9428–9436, 9470–9472 (re-numbered to 9401–9403)|
|Norfolk Southern||1090||8889–9978||Originally rated at 4,000 hp re rated to 4,400 hp in 2013–2014. 9939 and 9796 wrecked and were retired. Some units are set to be retired into 2021 for the AC44C6M program.|
|Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway||11||404–414|
|Southern Pacific Railroad||101||8100–8200||All have been repainted into the Union Pacific locomotive rosters numbered as 9564–9664. The last patched SP C44-9W was #9647 and was repainted in December 2014.|
|Union Pacific Railroad||40||9700–9739||9707 wrecked and was retired.|
|GE Capital Leasing (GECX)||5||9008, 9018, 9043, 9049 and 9050||Units are former CSX, which were on lease to Norfolk Southern Railway, until Late January 2019.|
|Larry's Truck & Electric||4||9007, 9009, 9020 and 9029||Units are former CSX.||Totals||3,668|
- "BNSF receives first rebuilt locomotives from GE, EMD". Trains. 9 September 2015. Retrieved 10 September 2015. (subscription required)
- "GE Dash 9-44CW (D9-44CW) Nos. 8889-9978". 27 September 2015. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
- Oberg, Leon (2010). Locomotives of Australia 1850s-2010s. Kenthurst: Rosenberg Publishing. pp. 420–421. ISBN 9781921719011.
- Dash 9-44CW Railpage
- Freight Trains. Modern Marvels. History Channel. 15 March 2008.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GE C44-9W locomotives.|
- 9-44CW pictures Trainspo