|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2014)|
|Type and origin|
|Build date||1972–1976; 1982–1983|
|AAR wheel arr.||C-C|
|Gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
|Length||70 ft 0 in (21.34 m)|
|Locomotive weight||387,000 lb (176,000 kg)|
|Electric system(s)||11-13.5 kV 25 Hz AC Catenary
11-13.5 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary
25 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary
50 kV 60 Hz AC Catenary
|Maximum speed||90 mph (145 km/h) Originally designed for 120mph operation|
|Power output||5,100 hp (4 MW) continuous at rail|
|Operator(s)||Black Mesa & Lake Powell
New Jersey Transit
Navajo Mine Railroad
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México
AMT 950-975 (Original)
|Locale||Kayenta, AZ – Page, AZ
Amtrak's Northeast Corridor
Mexico City-Irapuato (planned)
|Disposition||Several in active service, 2 preserved, rest scrapped|
The GE E60 is a C-C electric locomotive made by GE Transportation Systems. The E60's were based on existing locomotives designed for freight service. There are several versions of E60's: E60C, E60CP, E60CH, and E60C-2.
Black Mesa and Lake Powell Railroad (BM&LP) ordered 6 E60C's between 1972 and 1976 to transport coal 78 miles from the Black Mesa Mine near Kayenta, Arizona to the Navajo Generating Station power plant at Page, Arizona. These E60C's have only single cabs and single pantographs. The E60C's collect the power via 50,000 volt overhead catenary supplied by their power plant at Page, Arizona. The road numbers are between 6001 and 6006. At this time March 2012, Black Mesa is operating six ex-NdeM E60's and the 6006. The 6001 was donated to a railway museum. Deseret Power Railway located near Rangely, Colorado is also a 50kV operation and started out with two new E60's which were built in 1983 along with 39, 25 kV locomotives that were built for NdeM in Mexico. Deseret acquired two second hand NdeM units in 1998 and put one in service with their spare 50 kV transformer. Three additional NdeM units that had not been energized since manufacture were acquired in 2009, one is in service with a rewound main transformer, the operating is up to four units. BHP near Farmington NM operated with two secondhand ex-Amtrak E60C's converted from E60CH's and E60MA's. A third ex-Amtrak unit was acquired from NJ Transit after a wreck. BHP now operates three ex-NdeM E60's, a fourth ex-NdeM unit is being acquired from Texas Utilities. The Deseret and NdeM E60's have the latest GE propulsion control including power factor correction and the wheelslip control borrowed from the Dash-7 diesels.
E60CP and E60CH
Amtrak ordered 26 E60's between 1974 and 1976. The E60's were split between 7 E60CP units (950-956) with steam generators for older passenger equipment, and 19 E60CH units (957-975) with newer head-end power (HEP) generators for the Amfleet and rebuilt Heritage Fleet equipment. These E60s had a cab and pantograph at each end.
Their initial weight was 193.5 short tons (175.5 t; 172.8 long tons), resulting in an axle load of 32.25 short tons (29.26 t; 28.79 long tons) which was significantly more than any previous American electric passenger locomotive, which contributed to poor running during testing. The locomotives had a tendency to yaw sideways when accelerating, placing high stress on the rails. The Federal Railroad Administration only allowed the E60s to operate at 90 mph (140 km/h), not the intended 120 mph (190 km/h), after they derailed twice during testing. (Amtrak limited them to 80 mph or 130 km/h after 1978; after their rebuilding they reverted to 90 mph or 140 km/h.)
By 1984, with the arrival of AEM-7 electrics, most of the E60 fleet went into storage. Ten of the E60s (958-963, 967, 971-973) were sold to the New Jersey Transit corporation in 1984. Two additional units, 966 and 968 were sold to the Navajo Mine Railroad. In 1995, New Jersey Transit sold E60 961 to the Navajo Mine Railroad. Although most New Jersey Transit E60s were scrapped by 1998 they were not used in revenue service after late 1990. 958 was saved for preservation. In 2003, the Navajo Mine Railroad scrapped all of its E60s.
Between 1986 and 1988, those E60s that remained with Amtrak were rebuilt, reclassified and renumbered. All E60CPs had their steam generators removed and four of these had HEP fitted. Those with HEP, both the E60CHs and the converted E60CP's, were rebuilt and renumbered as E60MA in the 600 series, where MA stood for Motor Alternator set. The road numbers of the E60MAs were between 600 and 610. The two remaining E60CP's without HEP were renumbered as 620 and 621. The E60MAs weighed 183 short tons (163 long tons; 166 t), 10.5 short tons (9.4 long tons; 9.5 t) less than their original weight.
When the E60s returned to service, they were used mainly on heavy, long-distance trains, such as the Crescent, Silver Meteor, and Broadway Limited, in addition to Clockers and special movements including circus and mail trains, or maintenance of way runs.
All Amtrak E60 units were retired in 2003. In April 2004, the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania acquired Amtrak E60 603 for preservation. NJ Transit 958 was also preserved and was donated to the United Railroad Historical Society of New Jersey. All other units were scrapped.
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (NdeM) ordered 39 E60C-2 locomotives, built between September 1982 and December 1983. They were numbered EA001-EA039. These E60C-2s have double cabs and double pantographs.
These locomotives were intended for use on a new double-track electric line between Mexico City and Irapuato, but economic conditions delayed the project and prevented its completion as planned. On February 24, 1994, 28 of the locomotives were finally placed in operation by NdeM on a shortened version of the project, but six of these were soon wrecked. Eleven others remained in storage. When the NdeM was privatized in 1997, the 22 operating E60C-2s passed to Grupo Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana (TFM), and the unused 11 remained in storage in government ownership. Most of the catenary was soon removed for increased vertical clearance; TFM (being partly owned by Kansas City Southern) had introduced doublestack container trains whose profile intruded into the AC "spark zone" radiating from the wires, Hanson-Wilson Engineers (Kansas City) supported by PGH Wong Engineering, was proceeding with the redesign of the Catenary system to reconfigure it to provide the needed clearance, when TFM suspended the work and removed the catenary system for cost and schedule reasons.
All of the E60C-2s have been offered for sale since, and 22 of them were sold back to GE for more GE AC4400CWs. Three E60C-2s were sold to Texas Utilities (TXU) to serve the company's Martin Lake Line in 1999. BM&LP acquired several E60C-2s to replace their own aging E60Cs. The Deseret Power Railroad acquired 7 E60C-2s to ship coal over the 35-mile stretch from the Deserado Coal Mine located near Rangely, Colorado to Deseret's Bonanza Power Plant located near Bonanza, Utah. Seven were acquired in 2006 by the Montréal Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) in Québec.
Five units, EA011, EA016, EA014, EA025, and EA019, part of the Montréal AMT group, were seen in transit on CSX on April 13, 2008, in Syracuse, New York. The train hauling the units operates from Montreal to Selkirk (near Albany), New York. The units were delivered to the Susquehanna Locomotive and Car Shops located in the former NYS&W shops in Utica, NY. They were bought by a Mexican oil company for the electrical components. What was not taken by the oil company was parted out by SL&C and the balance of the units scrapped. Some of these locomotives had never been used and still had the desiccant bags stuffed in the control cabinets.
References and notes
- Wes Carr. "Black Mesa and Lake Powell Railroad". Retrieved 2006-09-07.
- Geoff Sarbutt. "Amtrak locomotive and car notes". Retrieved 2011-03-09.
- Harold Geissenheimer (2002-03-09). "Rail commentary". Free Congress Foundation.
- Wes Carr. "TXU - Martin Lake Line". Retrieved 2006-09-08.
- "Deseret Western Railway Motive Power". Retrieved 2006-09-08.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to GE E60 locomotives.|
- GE E-Series Electrics Roster
- The Locomotive Place - GE Electric Locomotives
- The E60 Page by the RR Museum of PA
- E60 Photos at Railpictures.net and RR Picture Archives
- Amtrak Electrics at Banks of the Susquehanna
- Amtrak Photo Archives
- Stan's Railpix E-60 Photos
- NdeM E60C-2 Photo Gallery by Jorge Luna Helú