GE Oil and Gas

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GE Oil & Gas
Subsidiary
Industry Oil and gas
Predecessor GE Energy
Founded 2016; 2 years ago (2016)
Headquarters London, United Kingdom
Key people
Lorenzo Simonelli (CEO)
Revenue US$16.5 billion (2015)[1]
Number of employees
39,000 (2015)[2]
Parent Baker Hughes
Website www.bhge.com

GE Oil & Gas was a subsidiary of the American multinational conglomerate corporation General Electric that is now part of Baker Hughes, a GE company. Headquartered in London, United Kingdom, the company supplies equipment for the global oil and gas industry, used in applications across all segments of the oil and gas value chain, including drilling, subsea and offshore, onshore, LNG, distributed gas, pipeline and storage, refinery and petrochemical.[3]

GE Oil & Gas also designs and manufactures surface and subsea drilling and production systems, equipment for floating production platforms, compressors, turbines, turboexpanders, high pressure reactors, industrial power generation and a broad portfolio of auxiliary equipment. At the 2014 Investor Meeting, it was reported that GE Oil & Gas operate 304 manufacturing and service shops in the world’s main oil and gas extraction and production regions, and provides upgrades to customers’ machines.[4] GE Oil & Gas also provide pipeline integrity solutions, sensor-based measurement, inspection, and asset condition monitoring, controls and radiation measurement solutions.

In 2016, GE Oil & Gas employs approximately 37,000, serving customers in over 140 countries.[5]

History[edit]

Formation[edit]

GE entered the oil and gas industry in 1994 with the acquisition of Italian company Nuovo Pignone (previously owned by ENI), and has since gone on to expand its global presence in the industry. GE’s expansion in oil and gas was amplified as a result of the great recession of 2009. The recession significantly affected GE’s revenue and led to the company’s decision to divest itself of a number of financial service companies in order to ‘revisit its roots’ as an industrial company.[6]

Acquisitions and Divestments[edit]

2000-2010[edit]

In 2002 GE Energy acquired Bently Nevada Corp., a condition monitoring instrumentation company that provides services for sensors, systems and monitoring machinery vibration. Products include plant asset management systems related to vibration monitoring, machinery protection, software and engineering services. Today, Bently Nevada products sit under the GE Measurement & Control section.[7]

In 2007 GE announced expansion of its presence in the oil and gas sector, with the $1.9 billion acquisition of VetcoGray.[8] VetcoGray operated in around 30 countries and was one of the world’s leading suppliers of drilling, completion and production equipment for on- and offshore oil and gas fields, including subsea applications.[9]

Also in 2007, GE purchased UK-based oilfield services technology company, Sondex Plc.[10] which specialized in the engineering and manufacturing of directional drilling and formation evaluation systems and wireline tools for the production of oil and gas.[11]

In 2008 GE acquired Hydril Pressure Control,[12] a supplier of pressure control equipment used in the oil and gas drilling industry, with focus on deep and ultra-deepwater applications. Its product lines included Blowout Preventer (BOP) systems, parts, repair, and field services.[13]

2011[edit]

In 2011 GE completed the acquisition of John Wood Group PLC’s Well Support Division, which allowed for it to expand into the drilling and surface manufacturing and services portfolio. Its products include electric submersible pumps (ESP), surface wellheads, trees and logging services.[14]

Also in 2011, GE acquired Wellstream PLC.,[15] a British company which designs and manufactures flexible risers and flowline products for oil and gas transportation in the subsea production industry.[16]

In 2011, GE also acquired Dresser Inc.,[17] which delivers compression, flow technology, measurement and distribution infrastructure and services. Its portfolio includes valves, actuators, meters, switches, regulators, piping products and natural gas-fueled engines for compression.[18]

2012[edit]

In 2012, GE acquired PRESENS, a Norwegian company which develop and supply pressure, temperature and flow measurement sensor solutions. These products sit within the company’s Digital Solutions business.[19]

Also In 2012, GE acquired Naxys, a provider of subsea leak detection and condition monitoring sensors based on passive acoustic technology. These products allow operators to monitor the integrity of their subsea installations, and form part of the company’s Digital Solutions business.[20]

2013[edit]

In 2013 GE Oil & Gas completed a $3.3 billion acquisition of Lufkin Industries Inc., a manufacturing company that produces artificial lift technologies that help bring oil and gas to the surface, such as oilfield pumping units and power transmission gear boxes.[21]

In 2013 GE Oil & Gas also acquired Salof Companies, who design and manufacture small-scale liquefied natural gas (LNG) technologies.[22]

Also in 2013, GE Oil & Gas acquired Allen Gearing Solutions, a privately held designer, manufacturer and service provider of gears for industrial and marine applications. The company produces high-power gearing solutions, specializing in epicyclic gears that typically have a higher power density than parallel shaft gear systems.[23]

2014[edit]

In 2014 GE completed its acquisition of Cameron’s Reciprocating Compression Division in 2014 for $550 million.[24] The division provides reciprocating compression equipment and aftermarket parts and services for oil and gas production, gas processing, gas distribution and independent power industries.[25]

2015[edit]

In 2015, GE Oil & Gas announced they had agreed to acquire Advantec,[26] a provider of subsea intervention equipment and services, as part of the company’s strategy to expand its position as a provider of subsea production equipment and services solutions.[27]

2016/2017[edit]

At the end of October 2016, it was announced that General Electric was under negotiations for a deal valued at about $30 billion to combine GE Oil & Gas with Baker Hughes. The transaction would create a publicly-traded entity controlled by GE.[28] It was announced that GE Oil & Gas would sell off its water treatment business as part of its divestment agreement with Baker Hughes.[29] The deal was cleared by the EU in May 2017, and by the DOJ in June 2017.[30][31] The merger agreement was approved by shareholders at the end of June 2017. On July 3, 2017, the transaction was completed and Baker Hughes became a GE company.[32]

Subsidiary Status[edit]

In 2012 GE Oil & Gas became a subsidiary of General Electric. It was one of three new GE businesses created by the split of GE Energy.[33]

In 2017 GE Oil & Gas was merged with Baker Hughes to become Baker Hughes a GE company.[34]

Organizational Structure[edit]

As reported on General Electric website, the division GE Oil & Gas organizes itself across five core business units.[35]

Turbomachinery & Process Solutions (TPS)[edit]

GE combined two of its previous businesses; DTS and TMS.

Turbomachinery Systems (TMS): Provides equipment and related services for mechanical-drive, compression and power-generation applications across the oil and gas industry. This product portfolio includes drivers (aero-derivative gas turbines, heavy-duty gas turbines and synchronous and induction electric motors), compressors (centrifugal and axial, direct drive high speed, integrated, subsea compressors and turbo expanders) and turn-key solutions (industrial modules and waste heat recovery).

Downstream Technology Solutions (DTS): Provides products and services to serve the downstream segments of the industry including refining, petrochemical, distributed gas, flow and process control and other industrial applications. Products include steam turbines, reciprocating and centrifugal compressors, pumps, valves and compressed natural gas (CNG) and small-scale liquefied natural gas (LNG) solutions used primarily for shale oil and gas field development.

Oilfield Equipment (formerly) Subsea Systems & Drilling (SS&D)[edit]

Provides a broad portfolio of subsea products and services required to facilitate the safe and reliable flow of hydrocarbons from the subsea wellhead to the surface. Products in this segment also include onshore and offshore drilling and production systems and equipment for floating production platforms. GE also provide a full range of services related to onshore and offshore drilling activities.

Oilfield Services (formerly Baker Hughes)[edit]

Oilfield services will continue to perform the same function as the previous Baker Hughes. A leading supplier of oilfield services, products, technology and systems to the worldwide oil and natural gas industry. The Company’s 32,000 employees today work in more than 80 countries helping customers find, evaluate, drill, produce, transport and process hydrocarbon resources.

Surface[edit]

Provides products and services for onshore oil and gas wells and manufactures artificial lift equipment for extracting crude oil and other fluids from wells. Products include downhole tools for well integrity, dry tees and surface wellheads, electric submersible pumps, wireline logging, artificial lift technologies and drilling pressure control equipment.

Digital[edit]

Provides the software development of Predix.

Digital Solutions (DS)[edit]

In January 2016 GE Oil & Gas announced the creation of its new Oil & Gas Digital Solutions business. This business unit will focus on the development of digital capabilities powered by GE’s cloud platform Predix.[36] This is in addition to products that previously were included within the ‘Measurement & Control’ business unit, which provide sensor-based measurement, non-destructive testing and inspection, plant controls, condition monitoring and pipeline integrity solutions.

Partnerships[edit]

The Digital Solutions business has also announced a partnership with BP to develop and pilot a new digital solution for Asset Performance Management in BP's offshore operations.[37]

The business has also partnered with Paradigm, an independent software developer for the oil and gas industry, to deliver reservoir driven production optimization (RDPO) to optimize field level production.[38]

Technology Solutions Centers (TSC)[edit]

GE Oil & Gas is one of the GE businesses featured in GE’s network of fifteen Technology Solutions Centers (TSC), which are located in key technology hubs around the world.[39] The purpose of these centers is to foster collaboration and allow customers to better understand how GE products and services fit into their projects. They feature a combination of interactive video content, scale models and live demonstrations.[40]

Global Research Center[edit]

In 2013, GE announced they had selected a site in Downtown Oklahoma City for a Global Research Center dedicated to oil and gas technology. The Center will focus on accelerating mid to later stage oil and gas technologies developed in GE’s Global Research labs, including production systems, well construction, water use optimization, CO2 solutions and energy systems.[41] The Center opened in October 2016.

Notable projects and collaborations[edit]

Ichthys LNG Project[edit]

In January 2012, GE Oil & Gas announced they had won contracts worth more than US$1 billion to supply equipment and services for the Ichthys LNG project in Australia. GE will provide rotating equipment, including gas turbines and compressors, and associated floating production storage and offloading and a central processing facility. GE will also supply subsea production systems for the offshore portion of the project as well as subsea connectors for a 552-mile pipeline.[42]

GLS Holding S.A.[edit]

In January 2013 GE Oil & Gas and the Angolan group GLS Holding S.A. announced the formation of a new joint venture, GE-GLS Oil & Gas Angola Limited, to better support Angola’s growing oil and gas sector. This agreement includes an initial investment of US$175 million to build a new manufacturing facility in Soyo that will supply subsea equipment to the oil and gas industry in Angola.[43]

Statoil[edit]

In January 2015, GE Oil & Gas and Statoil announced a strategic collaboration to advance more environmentally friendly and economically sustainable technologies for oil and gas production. The collaboration is focused on technological innovations that will allow the oil and gas industry to reduce emissions and local community impacts while improving productivity.[44]

This collaboration has included two Open Innovation Challenges that invited businesses, institutions and individuals to develop potential solutions to make energy production more sustainable. The first Open Innovation Challenge was issued in January 2015 and required entrants to find ways to reduce the amount of sand needed on oil wells. Over 100 submissions were received from applicants in more than 30 countries. Technical experts and management from Statoil and GE Oil & Gas served as judges. The winners were announced in July 2015 and were awarded an initial cash prize of US$25,000, with the potential to receive additional funding from a discretionary prize pool of US$375,000 for potential development or commercialization upon meeting certain additional conditions.[45]

The second Open Innovation Challenge was issued in July 2015 and asked entrants to find solutions for reducing fresh water usage and improving water treatment in the development of onshore unconventional oil and gas reservoirs.[46] The winners were announced in February 2016 and received the same prize.[47]

In February 2016 GE Oil & Gas signed a Master Service Agreement with Statoil for new subsea projects that will enable GE to continue to support Statoil in a low oil price environment. The global agreement forms the basis for potential new contracts for subsea equipment and services on new projects and field developments and is valid globally until 2025.[48]

PT Donggi Senoro LNG[edit]

In November 2015 GE Oil & Gas announced they had signed a Contractual Service Agreement with Asian energy company PT Donggi Senoro LNG. The agreement will see GE Oil & Gas provide full package services and monitor non-GE equipment supplied by other Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs). The long term deal is a milestone for GE Oil & Gas as they will act as a single contractual supplier.[49]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GE 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). GE. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  2. ^ "GE 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). GE. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  3. ^ "GE 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). GE. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Investor Meeting: GE Oil & Gas" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  5. ^ "GE 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 9 September 2016.
  6. ^ McDonald, TK (17 April 2016). "Top 5 Companies Owned by General Electric (GE)". Investopedia. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  7. ^ Montague, Jim (11 February 2002). "GE Power Systems buys Bently Nevada". Control Engineering. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  8. ^ "GE 2007 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  9. ^ "GE to Acquire vetco Gray, Accelerating Growth across Oil & Gas Sector". BusinessWire. 8 January 2007. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  10. ^ "GE 2007 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  11. ^ "GE Energy Completes Acquisition of Sondex, a Global Oilfield Technology Company". PR Newswire. 26 October 2007. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  12. ^ "GE 2008 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  13. ^ "GE Completes Acquisition of Hydril Pressure Control Business, Further Enhancing GE Oil & Gas Offering". BusinessWire. 1 April 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  14. ^ "GE Completes Acquisition of John Wood Group PLC's Well Support Division, Increasing Position in Enhanced Oil Recovery and Shale Gas production". BusinessWire. 26 April 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
  15. ^ "GE 2011 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  16. ^ "GE's Acquisition of Wellstream: Shaping a New Era in Subsea Oil and Gas Production". BusinessWire. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  17. ^ "GE 2011 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
  18. ^ "GE Completes $3 Billion Acquisition of Dresser, Inc". BusinessWire. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  19. ^ "GE Acquires PRESENS, Norway-Based Supplier of Industrial Sensors". BusinessWire. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  20. ^ "GE Signs Agreement to Acquire Naxys". BusinessWire. 10 February 2012. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  21. ^ "GE 2013 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 7 September 2016.
  22. ^ "GE expands LNG presence with Salof acquisition". PennEnergy. 3 June 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
  23. ^ "GE Oil & Gas Buys Allen Gears". Offshore Energy Today. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  24. ^ "GE 2014 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
  25. ^ "GE Completes Acquisition of Cameron's Reciprocating Compression Division". BusinessWire. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
  26. ^ "GE 2015 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 9 August 2016.
  27. ^ "GE Oil & Gas to acquire Advantec". World Oil. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2016.
  28. ^ "GE to Combine Oil & Gas Business With Baker Hughes". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  29. ^ [1]
  30. ^ http://uk.reuters.com/article/us-baker-hughes-m-a-ge-eu-idUKKBN18R1RF
  31. ^ http://subseaworldnews.com/2017/06/13/u-s-doj-approves-baker-hughes-ge-merger/
  32. ^ http://www.oedigital.com/component/k2/item/15708-baker-hughes-ge-complete-merger
  33. ^ "GE 2012 Annual Report" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  34. ^ http://www.oedigital.com/component/k2/item/15708-baker-hughes-ge-complete-merger
  35. ^ "GE Product Companies" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  36. ^ "GE Oil & Gas launches new Digital Solutions Business, Pilot Program with BP and Partnership with Paradigm". GE Newsroom. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  37. ^ "GE Oil & Gas partners with BP, Paradigm". Offshore. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  38. ^ "GE Oil & Gas partners with BP, Paradigm". Offshore. 28 January 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  39. ^ "Our Technology Solutions Centers". GE Oil & Gas. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  40. ^ "Technology Solutions Center for oil and gas" (PDF). General Electric. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  41. ^ "GE Selects Oklahoma City Site for new Global Hub of Oil & Gas Technology Innovation". GE Global Research. 3 April 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2016.
  42. ^ "GE O&G Lands $1B Ichthys LNG Project" (Press release). Rigzone. 30 January 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2016.
  43. ^ "GE Oil & Gas Announces Joint Venture with GLS Holdings SA to Support Rapid Growth in Angola's Energy Sector". GE Newsroom. 28 January 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  44. ^ Dodge, Edward (5 February 2015). "GE Teams up with Statoil to Make Energy Development Cheaper and Cleaner". Breaking Energy. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  45. ^ Boman, Karen (22 July 2015). "Statoil, GE Unveil Winners of First Open Innovation Challenge". Rigzone. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  46. ^ "GE and Statoil's collaboration to accelerate development of sustainable energy solutions". Statoil. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  47. ^ Venables, Mark (3 February 2016). "GE and Statoil announce winners of open innovation challenge". Oil & Gas Technology. Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  48. ^ "GE Oil & Gas and Statoil ink subsea agreement". Offshore Energy Today. 19 February 2016. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
  49. ^ "GE Oil & Gas Signs Groundbreaking Contractual Service Agreement with PR Donggi-Senoro LNG". GE Newsroom. 23 December 2015. Retrieved 21 August 2016.

External links[edit]