Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation
|Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation|
B. Janardhan Reddy
|On Mission Tomorrow|
The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation in short (GHMC) is the civic body that oversees Hyderabad the capital and largest city in the State of Telangana. It is the local government for the Cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Its geographical area covers most of the urban development agency the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA). 64 ex-officio members including 5 Lok Sabha MPs whose constituencies are in GHMC jurisdiction vote in GHMC election.
Formation of Hyderabad Municipal Board and Chaderghat Municipal Board In the year 1869, Municipal administration was first introduced for the city of Hyderabad. The city of Hyderabad was divided into four and the suburbs of Chaderghat were divided into five divisions. The whole management of both the city and the suburbs was handled by the then City Police Commissioner, Kotwal-e-Baldia.
In the same year, Sir Salar Jung-1, the then Prime Minister of Hyderabad State under the Nizam, has constituted the Department of Municipal and Road Maintenance. He also appointed a Municipal Commissioner for Hyderabad Board and Chaderghat Board. At that time, city was just 55 km2 with a population of 3.5 lakhs.
In 1886, the suburban area of Chaderghat was handed over to a separate officer and then Chaderghat became Chaderghat Municipality.
In 1921 Hyderabad Municipality has increased to 84 km2.
The first corporation In 1933, Chaderghat Municipality was merged with Hyderabad Municipality to form Hyderabad Municipal Corporation and was given statutory status under the Hyderabad Municipal Act. During the following year (1934), the first elections were held for Municipal Corporation and a Standing Committee was appointed at that time.
Jubilee Hills Municipality In the year 1937, Jubilee Hills Municipality was formed by the amalgamation of Jubilee Hills and Banjara Hills. Later, in 1942, the corporation status for the city has been removed due to some issues.
Secunderabad Municipality In the year 1945, Secunderabad Municipality was formed. Again in 1950, Hyderabad regained its lost Corporation status along with the amalgamation of Jubilee Hills Municipality.
Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad The Hyderabad Corporation and the Secunderabad Corporation, were established in 1950 via the Hyderabad Corporation Act. Jubilee Hills Municipality merged in Hyderabad Corporation during this time. In 1955, the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act merged the municipal corporations overseeing Hyderabad and neighbouring Secunderabad.
Once again in "1955", both the municipal corporations of Hyderabad and Secunderabad were merged to form Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad (MCH). In 1956, Hyderabad became capital of Andhra Pradesh after the state was formed.
The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation was formed on 16 April 2007 by merging 12 municipalities and 8 gram panchayats with the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad. The municipalities are L. B. Nagar, Gaddi annaram, Uppal Kalan, Malkajgiri, Kapra, Alwal, Qutubullapur, Kukatpally, Serilingampalle, Rajendranagar, Ramachandrapuram, and Patancheru. These municipalities are in Rangareddy district and Medak district. The panchayats are Shamshabad, Satamarai, Jallapalli, Mamdipalli, Mankhal, Almasguda, Sardanagar and Ravirala.
The Government Order 261 was initially issued in July 2005. Now, the Supreme Court has rejected the plea to interfere into the matter, the Andhra Pradesh government has passed the GO 261 that is related to the creation of Greater Hyderabad on 16 April 2007. Earlier, the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad had a population of 4.5 millions living in an area of 172 km². The new urban agglomeration sprawls across 650 square kilometers with a population of 6.7 millions. The erstwhile city of the Nizams has now transformed into an area far greater.
The Government has decided to divide the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation into five zones (south, east, north, west and central zones), 17 circles and 150 wards. Each ward would cover about 37,000 people. The GHMC is headed by a Commissioner and also has a Special Commissioner both of whom belong to IAS. Each zone will have a zonal commissioner, an officer of the rank of additional commissioner with a deputy municipal commissioners heading every circle. There will also be a separate engineering wing with an Engineer in Chief and Chief Engineer at head office level and a superintending engineer for each zone; a town planning wing with Additional Commissioner (Planning) and a Chief City Planner at the head office level and a city planner for each zone.
The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC) comprises the erstwhile Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, plus 10 municipalities & 8 panchayats in Ranga Reddy district, 2 municipalities in Medak district.
The 8 panchayats in Ranga Reddy district are:Shamshabad, Satamarai, Jallapalli, Mamdipalli, Mankhal, Sardanagar and Ravirala
The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation is headed by a Municipal Commissioner, an IAS officer. The commissioner wields the executive power of the house. A quinquennial election is held to elect corporators to power. The corporators are responsible for overseeing that their constituencies have the basic civic infrastructure in place, and that there is no lacuna on the part of the authorities. The Mayor is the head of the house.
The Telangana Government has appointed CVSK Sarma as the first Chief Commissioner of GHMC. There is also a provision for a directly elected mayor of Hyderabad. However, the Chief Commissioner can allocate more funds and in general has more power
The term of the legislature of precursor to the GHMC namely the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad, then simply called by the same name ended before the formation of the GHMC. The Standing Committee of the Legislature takes a major role in the decision making process within the legislature when it is in session
Ghmc is responsible for administering and providing basic infrastructure to the city.
- Building and Maintenance of roads, streets and flyovers.
- Public Municipal schools
- Street lighting
- Maintenance of parks and open spaces
- Garbage disposal and street cleanliness
- Urban development and city planning of new areas.
- Registering of births and deaths.
- Health & Sanitation
GHMC co-ordinates with various other government organizations like HMDA, HMR, HMWS&SB, TSRTC, Hyderabad Traffic Police, etc. for delivering these basic urban services.
Political Performance in GHMC Election 2016
|S.No.||Party Name||Flag||Alliance||Number of Corporators||Change|
|01||Telangana Rashtra Samithi(TRS)||-||99||99|
|02||All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen(AIMIM)||-||44||1|
|03||Bharatiya Janata Party(BJP)||]||NDA||04||1|
|04||Indian National Congress(INC)||UPA||02||50|
|05||Telugu Desam Party(TDP)||NDA||01||35|
- http://www.ghmc.gov.in/greaterhyd.asp[permanent dead link]
- "GHMC poll fray 2016".
- "GHMC in dilemma over ex-officio members".