From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
TypePump action grenade launcher
Place of originRussia
Service history
Used bySpetsnaz, FSB, MVD and National Guard
Wars2005 raid on Nalchik[1]
Libyan Civil War[2]
Crimean Crisis[2]
Production history
Mass4.8 kg (10.6 lb) unloaded
5.8 kg (12.8 lb) loaded
Length810 mm (31.9 in) stock extended
540 mm (21.3 in) stock folded

ActionDouble action
Muzzle velocity85 m/s (280 ft/s)
Effective firing range300 m (330 yd)
Maximum firing range500 m (550 yd)
Feed system3 round pump action above-barrel tubular magazine
SightsIron sights

The GM-94 is a pump action grenade launcher developed by the KBP design bureau for use by Russian special and security forces.


The GM-94 is a short range weapon, allowing it to be used in close urban environments. With a minimum safe distance of only 10 meters,[3][4] the GM-94 is well suited to close, room-to-room fighting. Its simple design and operation allows it to operate in dusty and dirty environments and even after being immersed in water.

The launcher is capable of firing VGM-93.900[3] high explosive fragmentation, VGM-93.100 thermobaric,[3] VGM-93.300[3] smoke and VGM-93.200[3] tear gas canisters, VGM-93.600[3] rubber slugs and other non-lethal payloads.

The VGM-93.100 thermobaric grenade contains around 160 grams of explosive filler. It can penetrate up to 8 mm of mild steel or interior wall, while producing minimal primary fragmentation.[3]

In June 2005, GM-94 with thermobaric VGM-93.100 ammunition was adopted by the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.[5] In October 2007, the Russian armed forces adopted a new launcher designated LPO-97 developed in the KBP Instrument Design Bureau on the basis of the GM-94 with a thermobaric grenade,[6] in 2008 GM-94 adopted for the branches of the Federal Security Service.[7] Though the launcher was intended for use by Russian security forces, the GM-94 has been spotted as far afield as Kazakhstan and Libya.[2]


See also[edit]


  • Popenker, Maxim; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (September 2015). The Russian GM-94 Grenade Launcher (PDF). Arms & Munitions Brief. Armament Research. ISBN 978-0-9924624-5-1.
  1. ^ a b Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 16.
  2. ^ a b c d e Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 17.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Popenker & Jensen-Jones 2015, p. 15
  4. ^ "VGM93.100". Rosoboronexport.
  5. ^ "ГМ-94 - ручной гранатомёт". Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  6. ^ "ОАО "Конструкторское бюро приборостроения" - 10 лет ГМ-94". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  7. ^ "ГМ-94". Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  8. ^ Рассказываем, что за гранатомет был замечен вчера у спецназовца «Алмаза» в Минске
  9. ^ Ferguson, Jonathan; Jenzen-Jones, N.R. (November 2014). Raising Red Flags: An Examination of Arms & Munitions in the Ongoing Conflict in Ukraine, 2014. Research Report 3. Armament Research Services. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-9924624-3-7.