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Type Pump action grenade launcher
Place of origin Russia
Service history
Used by Spetsnaz, FSB, MVD and National Guard
Production history
Designer KBP
Weight 4.8 kg (10.6 lb) unloaded
5.8 kg (12.8 lb) loaded
Length 810 mm (31.9 in) stock extended
540 mm (21.3 in) stock folded

Cartridge 43x30mm
Action Double action
Muzzle velocity 85 m/s (280 ft/s)
Effective firing range 300 m (330 yd)
Maximum firing range 500 m (550 yd)
Feed system 3 round pump action above-barrel tubular magazine
Sights Iron sights

The GM-94 is a pump action grenade launcher developed by the KBP design bureau for use by Russian special and security forces.


The GM-94 is a short range weapon, allowing it to be used in close urban environments. With a minimum safe distance of only 5m,[1] the GM-94 is well suited to close, room-to-room fighting. Its simple design and operation allows it to operate in dusty and dirty environments and even after being immersed in water.

The launcher is capable of firing VGM-93.900[2] high explosive fragmentation, VGM-93.100[2] thermobaric, VGM-93.300[2] smoke and VGM-93.200[2] tear gas canisters, VGM-93.600[2] rubber slugs and other non-lethal payloads.

In June 2005, GM-94 with thermobaric VGM-93.100[2] ammunition was adopted by the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs.[3] In October 2007, the Russian armed forces adopted a new launcher designated LPO-97 developed in the KBP Instrument Design Bureau on the basis of the GM-94 with a thermobaric grenade,[4] in 2008 GM-94 adopted for the branches of the Federal Security Service.[5] Though the launcher was intended for use by Russian security forces, the GM-94 has been spotted as far afield as Kazakhstan and Libya.[6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Modern Firearms". Retrieved 3 August 2018. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "The Russian GM-94 Grenade Launcher" (PDF). Armament Research. 
  3. ^ "ГМ-94 - ручной гранатомёт". 
  4. ^ "ОАО "Конструкторское бюро приборостроения" - 10 лет ГМ-94". 
  5. ^ "ГМ-94". 
  6. ^ "GM-94 grenade launchers in use with Russian forces in Crimea". Armament Research Services. Retrieved 26 November 2014.