GM2 (ganglioside)

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GM2
GM2 ganglioside.png
Names
IUPAC name
(2S,3R,4E)-3-Hydroxy-2-(octadecanoylamino)octadec-4-en-1-yl 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-[5-acetamido-3,5-dideoxy-D-glycero-α-D-galacto-non-2-ulopyranonosyl-(2→3)]-β-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-D-glucopyranoside
Other names
Ganglioside GM2; Tay-Sachs ganglioside;
β-D-GalNAc-(1→4)-[α-Neu5Ac-(2→3)]-β-D-Gal-(1→4)-β-D-Glc-(1↔1)-N-octadecanoylsphingosine
Identifiers
19600-01-2 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:60327 N
ChemSpider 26286730 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
Properties
C67H121N3O26
Molar mass 1,384.70 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

GM2 is a type of ganglioside. G refers to ganglioside, the M is for monosialic (as in it has one sialic acid), and 2 refers to the fact that it was the second monosialic ganglioside discovered. It is associated with GM2 gangliosidoses such as Tay-Sachs disease.[1]

See also[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Guetta E, Peleg L (2008). "Rapid Detection of Fetal Mendalian Disorders: Tay-Sachs Disease". Methods Mol. Biol. 444: 147–59. doi:10.1007/978-1-59745-066-9_11. PMID 18425478. 

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