GMS (software)

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GMS
GMS icon.png
Developer(s)Aquaveo
Stable release
10.3.6 / March 21, 2018; 7 months ago (2018-03-21)
Operating systemMicrosoft Windows
TypeHydrogeology software
LicenseProprietary
WebsiteOfficial website

GMS (Groundwater Modeling System) is water modeling application for building and simulating groundwater models. It features 2D and 3D geostatistics, stratigraphic modeling and a unique conceptual model approach. Currently supported models include MODFLOW, MODPATH, MT3DMS, RT3D, FEMWATER, SEEP2D, and UTEXAS.

Version 6 introduced the use of XMDF (eXtensible Model Data Format), which is a compatible extension of HDF5. The purpose of this is to allow internal storage and management of data in a single HDF file, rather than using many flat files.

History[edit]

GMS was initially developed in the late 1980s and early 1990s on Unix workstations by the Engineering Computer Graphics Laboratory[1][2] at Brigham Young University. The development of GMS was funded primarily by The United States Army Corps of Engineers and was known—until version 4.0, released in late 1999[3]—as the Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System, or DoD GMS. It was ported to Microsoft Windows in the mid 1990s. Version 3.1 was the last version that supported HP-UX, IRIX, OSF/1, and Solaris platforms.[4][5] Development of GMS—along with WMS and SMS—was transferred to Aquaveo when it formed in April 2007.[6]

A study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics in August 2000 stated that "GMS provides an interface to the groundwater flow model, MODFLOW, and the contaminant transport model, MT3D. MODFLOW is a three-dimensional, cell-centered, finite-difference, saturated-flow model capable of both steady-state and transient analyses...These two models, when put together, provide a comprehensive tool for examining groundwater flow and nitrate transport and accumulation".[7] The study was designed to help develop a "permit scheme to effectively manage nitrate pollution of groundwater supplies for communities in rural areas without hindering agricultural production in watersheds".[7]

Version history[edit]

Legend: Old version Older version, still supported Current stable version Latest preview version Future release
GMS Release History
Date Released Name Version Comments References
December 1994 Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System Old version, no longer supported: 1.0 Supported meshes, grids, geostats, MODFLOW (MODFLOW 88), and FEMWATER [8]
March 1995 Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System Old version, no longer supported: 1.1 Support added for MT3D [8]
August 1995 Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System Old version, no longer supported: 1.2 [8]
June 1996 Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System Old version, no longer supported: 2.0 Map module added, support added for conceptual modeling, MODPATH, and updates for FEMWATER [8]
March 1998 Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System Old version, no longer supported: 2.1 Support added for SEEP2D and RT3D [8]
September 1999 Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System Old version, no longer supported: 3.0 Support added for SEAM3D [8]
September 2000 Department of Defense Groundwater Modeling System Old version, no longer supported: 3.1 Standard Windows icons added to the GUI, support added for parameter estimation (PEST & UCODE), UTCHEM, MODFLOW-96, orthogonal view [8]
October 2002 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 4.0 Project Explorer added to GUI, cross section editor added, support added for stochastic modeling, horizons, MODFLOW-000, and T-PROGS [8]
January 2004 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 5.0 Support added for MODAEM [8]
GMS Old version, no longer supported: 5.1 Support added for GIS, conceptual model objects, and coverage attribute tables [8]
July 2005 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 6.0 Support for OpenGL rendering, MODFLOW stored in files rather than in memory [8]
December 2007 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 6.5 First version released by Aquaveo. Support added for UTEXAS and HDF5 [8]
August 2009 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 7.0 Compatible with Windows Vista. Support export in Arc Hydro Groundwater (AHGW) format, updated MODFLOW support, added support for MODPATH 5, removed ART3D interface [8]
February 2010 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 7.1 Updated MODFLOW package and UTEXAS feature support, added Parallel PEST (including SVD and SVD-Assist with PEST), changed GMS logo [8]
March 2011 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 8.0 Added support for MODFLOW-2005 and SEAWAT, updated MODFLOW-2000, MT3DMS, and T-PROGS support, improved OpenGL speed and general GUI [8]
September 2011 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 8.1 64-bit version of GMS released, improved speed of MODFLOW saving and importing, updated FEMWATER, annotations, and Global Mapper [8]
February 2012 GMS Old version, no longer supported: 8.2 Added support for ZONEBUDGET and MODFLOW NWT and DE4, major update to most models and libraries [8]
July 2012 GMS Older version, yet still supported: 8.3 Added feature allowing users to report bugs within GMS. [8]
November 2012 GMS Older version, yet still supported: 9.0 Current GMS logo released. [8]
May 2013 GMS Older version, yet still supported: 9.1 [8]
November 2013 GMS Older version, yet still supported: 9.2 [8]
July 2014 GMS Older version, yet still supported: 10.0 [8]
February 2016 GMS Older version, yet still supported: 10.1 [8]
October 2016 GMS Older version, yet still supported: 10.2 [8]
August 2017 GMS Current stable version: 10.3 [8]

Reception[edit]

A 2001 report prepared for the Iowa Comprehensive Petroleum Underground Storage Tank Fund Board stated that GMS was "a very user-friendly software package with strong technical support."[9] Raymond H. Johnson, a hydrogeologist with the US Geological Survey, called GMS 6.0 "a useful all around groundwater modeling package that offers the advantages of modular purchases, multiple model support, linkages to ArcGIS, conceptual model development, and integrated inversion routines."[10] A 2006 report from the Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses in San Antonio, Texas called GMS "the most sophisticated groundwater modeling software available".[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Owen, Steven J.; Jones, Norman L.; Holland, Jeffery P. (September 1996). "A comprehensive modeling environment for the simulation of groundwater flow and transport". Engineering with Computers. 12 (3–4): 235–242. doi:10.1007/BF01198737. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 5, 2018.
  2. ^ "Environmental Modeling Research Laboratory". Engineering Computer Graphics Laboratory at Brigham Young University. Archived from the original on April 21, 1999. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  3. ^ "GMS 4.0". Scientific Software Group. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  4. ^ "System Requirements - GMS 3.1". EMSI. Archived from the original on December 8, 2000. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  5. ^ "GMS 4.0". EMSI. Archived from the original on October 11, 2003. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  6. ^ "The Environmental Modeling Research Laboratory". Brigham Young University. 3 May 2012. Archived from the original on 19 February 2016. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  7. ^ a b Morgan, Cynthia L.; Coggins, Jay S.; Eidman, Vernon R. (August 2000). "Tradable Permits for Controlling Nitrates in Groundwater at the Farm Level: A Conceptual Model". Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 32 (2): 249–258.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "GMS:Version History". Aquaveo. August 8, 2017. Archived from the original on March 5, 2018. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  9. ^ Zhang, You-Kuan; Seo, Byong-min; Lovanh, Nanh; Alvarez, Pedro J. J.; Heathcote, Richard (July 2001). "Evaluation of Computer Software Packages for RBCA Tier-3 Analysis". AON Risk Services, Inc. and the Iowa Department of Natural Resources. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  10. ^ Johnson, Raymond H. (January 2007). "Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) 6.0". Integrated GroundWater Modeling Center at the Colorado School of Mines. Archived from the original on March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.
  11. ^ Buseman-Williams, Anna; Sun, Alexander Y. (July 2006). "Software Validation Test Plan and Report for Scientific and Engineering Software—Groundwater Modeling System (GMS) Version 6.0" (PDF). San Antonio, Texas: Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses. Retrieved March 6, 2018.

External links[edit]