GM Delta platform
|GM Delta platform|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style(s)||2-door coupe
2-door coupé convertible
|Predecessor||GM J platform
GM R platform
GM T platform
GM Z platform
Delta is General Motors' compact front-wheel drive automobile and crossover SUV platform, a successor to the GM T platform; it also replaced GM J platform and the Z platform used by the Saturn S-Series. The platform debuted in the 2003 Saturn Ion. Vehicles of this platform generally carry the symbol "A" in the fourth digit of their VINs.
The Volkswagen Jetta is said to have been the target for the design group. Delta uses an independent suspension in front and Twist beam type in the rear. The Ecotec engine is widely used, as are a 4-speed automatic and 5-speed manual transmission.
Former vehicles based on this platform:
- 2003–2007 Saturn Ion
- 2005–2010 Chevrolet Cobalt
- 2005–2009 Pontiac G5/G4/Pursuit
- 2006–2011 Chevrolet HHR
Delta II is General Motors' current compact car platform, which was developed by Opel in Germany. It is the successor to the GM Delta platform. Internally it is simply known as a new Global Compact Vehicle Architecture or GCV.
The platform features a torsion beam rear suspension with optional Watt's link which improves vehicle handling; such configuration is used in the Opel Astra and some trim-levels of the American-market Chevrolet Cruze. This suspension is usually described as semi-independent, meaning that the two wheels can move relative to each other, but their motion is still somewhat inter-linked, to a greater extent than in a true independent rear suspension (IRS). This can mildly compromise the handling and ride quality of the vehicle. For this reason, some manufacturers have changed to different linkage designs. As an example, Volkswagen dropped the torsion beam in favour of a true IRS for the Volkswagen Golf Mk5, possibly in response to the Ford Focus' Control Blade rear suspension. Opel/Vauxhall have continued to use twist or torsion beam suspension. This is at a cost saving of €100 per car compared to multi-link rear suspension. Their latest version as used in the 2009-on Opel Astra uses a Watts linkage at a cost of €20 to address the drawbacks and provide a competitive and cost effective rear suspension. The Renault Megane and Citroen C4 also have stayed with the twist beam. The twist beam has been shown to suffer less from bush wear, than fully independent multi-link suspension, thus resulting in a virtually maintenance free rear suspension.
GM chose this compact vehicle architecture for its first Voltec application, the Chevrolet Volt. Production began in November 2010 with the first Chevrolet Volts delivered to retails customers in December 2010
Production vehicles based on Delta II platform:
- 2008–2016 Chevrolet Cruze, Daewoo Lacetti Premiere, Holden Cruze
- 2009–2015 Opel Astra J, Buick Excelle XT
- 2010–2015 Chevrolet Volt
- 2010–present Chevrolet Orlando
- 2011–2016 Buick Verano
- 2011–2015 Opel Ampera
- 2011–present Opel Zafira Tourer C
- 2013–2016 Cadillac ELR[not in citation given][not in citation given]
- 2013–present Baojun 560
- 2013–present Opel Cascada
General Motors has introduced its new global platform named D2XX flexible platform in August 2012. The new platform is being mainly engineered by GM's German subsidiary Opel in Rüsselsheim. According to GM the company has invested USD $220 million for the all new D2XX platform.
Vehicles that will use the new platform include
- 2015–present second-generation Chevrolet Cruze
- 2015–present Opel Astra K
- 2016–present Chevrolet Volt
- 2015–present Buick Envision
- 2015–present Buick Verano (Chinese market)
- 2017 Chevrolet Equinox
- 2017 GMC Terrain
- "Chevy gets new compact car next year". Automotive News (2008-06-01)
- Richard Aucock (January 22, 2010). "Astra suspension by Automotive Engineer". Archived from the original on 2014-04-13. Retrieved 2012-09-09.
- Simon Bickerstaffe (December 1, 2010). "Vehicle dynamics & chassis: A new leaf".
- "NEW 2011 Chevy Volt - Gearhart Chevrolet Delivers First Volt in America". December 16, 2010.
- Paris debut for new Chevrolet Cruze sedan
- "GM to produce Cadillac Converj with Volt's plug-in technology" (Automotive Week) January 11, 2010
- "GM Will Produce Volt-Based Cadillac Converj Plug-in Concept" (Motor Trend) January 11, 2010
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