GM Delta platform

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GM Delta platform
Chevrolet Cruze LT 1.8 – Frontansicht, 2. Juli 2011, Mettmann.jpg
Manufacturer General Motors
Production 2003–present
Body and chassis
Class Compact (C)
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door coupé convertible
3-door hatchback
4-door sedan
4-door SUV
5-door hatchback
Predecessor GM J platform
GM R platform
GM T platform
GM Z platform

Delta is General Motors' compact front-wheel drive automobile and crossover SUV platform, a successor to the GM T platform; it also replaced GM J platform and the Z platform used by the Saturn S-Series. The platform debuted in the 2003 Saturn Ion. Vehicles of this platform generally carry the letter "A" in the fourth character of their VINs.

Delta uses an independent suspension in front and Twist beam type in the rear. The Ecotec engine is widely used, as are a 4-speed automatic and 5-speed manual transmission.



Former vehicles based on this platform:

Delta II[edit]

Delta II is General Motors' current compact car platform, which was developed by Opel in Germany. It is the successor to the GM Delta platform. Internally it is simply known as a new Global Compact Vehicle Architecture or GCV.

The platform features a torsion beam rear suspension with optional Watt's link which improves vehicle handling; such configuration is used in the Opel Astra and some trim-levels of the American-market Chevrolet Cruze. This suspension is usually described as semi-independent, meaning that the two wheels can move relative to each other, but their motion is still somewhat inter-linked, to a greater extent than in a true independent rear suspension (IRS). This can mildly compromise the handling and ride quality of the vehicle. For this reason, some manufacturers have changed to different linkage designs. As an example, Volkswagen dropped the torsion beam in favour of a true IRS for the Volkswagen Golf Mk5, possibly in response to the Ford Focus' Control Blade rear suspension. Opel/Vauxhall have continued to use twist or torsion beam suspension. This is at a cost saving of €100 per car compared to multi-link rear suspension.[1] Their latest version as used in the 2009-on Opel Astra uses a Watts linkage at a cost of €20 to address the drawbacks and provide a competitive and cost effective rear suspension.[1] The Renault Megane and Citroen C4 also have stayed with the twist beam.[2] The twist beam has been shown to suffer less from bush wear, than fully independent multi-link suspension, thus resulting in a virtually maintenance free rear suspension.

GM chose this compact vehicle architecture for its first Voltec application, the Chevrolet Volt. Production began in November 2010 with the first Chevrolet Volts delivered to retails customers in December 2010[3]


Production vehicles based on Delta II platform:


General Motors has introduced its new global platform named D2XX flexible platform in August 2012. The new platform is being mainly engineered by GM's German subsidiary Opel in Rüsselsheim.[8] According to GM the company has invested USD $220 million for the all new D2XX platform.[citation needed]

The platform is being developed for compact vehicle architecture, replacing both Delta II and the midsize crossover exclusive GM Theta platform.[9]

Vehicles that will use the new platform include


External links[edit]