GM E platform
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The General Motors E platform or E-body was the automobile platform designation used for a number of personal luxury cars produced from 1963 to 2002. Notably, early E-bodies were produced in both front wheel drive and rear wheel drive configurations, and were the first front wheel drive automobiles produced in the United States since 1937.
E-bodies were re-engineered to a smaller size in 1979, closely related to the GM K platform (FWD). Later, the cars were made smaller still with the 1986 redesign, along with the K-body. Most 1986–1993 E-bodies were produced at GM's high-tech Detroit/Hamtramck Assembly plant, with the Buick Reatta being built at the Lansing Craft Centre—then known as the Reatta Craft Centre. GM used the E-body designation until the Cadillac Eldorado ceased production in 2002.
The E-body was used as the basis for the V-body high-end luxury coupes.
This body shell designation was used for the following vehicles:
- 1963–1978 Buick Riviera (RWD)
- 1979–1985 Buick Riviera (FWD, longitudinal engine)
- 1986–1993 Buick Riviera (FWD, transverse engine)
- 1988–1991 Buick Reatta (FWD, transverse engine, shortened chassis)
- 1967–1985 Cadillac Eldorado (FWD, longitudinal engine)
- 1986–2002 Cadillac Eldorado (FWD, transverse engine)
- 1966–1985 Oldsmobile Toronado (FWD, longitudinal engine)
- 1986–1992 Oldsmobile Toronado (FWD, transverse engine)