GM X platform (1980)
|GM X platform (FWD)|
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive|
|Body style(s)||2-door Coupé
|Related||GM A platform (FWD)|
|Engine(s)||Iron Duke I4 (gasoline)
60° V6 (gasoline)
|Transmission(s)||3-speed TH 125 automatic
|Wheelbase||104.9 in (2,664 mm)|
|Predecessor||GM X platform (RWD)|
|Successor||GM N platform
GM L platform
The front-wheel drive X-body was used for compact cars from 1980 to 1985. They were among the first mainstream front-wheel drive models introduced into the North American market and initially saw great sales success. They were an alternative to imported front-wheel drive sedans like the Toyota Camry, Nissan Stanza, Honda Accord, and the Volkswagen Quantum. However, the X-body developed a poor reputation for quality, due to engineering defects and related safety problems. By 1983, tens of thousands X-cars were on the road, with a tendency to prematurely lock their rear brakes, which threw affected vehicles into a skid or dangerous spin. This resulted in many accidents and the Government initiated a defect investigation. A large number of X-cars were subsequently recalled.
The FWD GM A-body was derived from the X-body, but did not suffer the same reputation issues.
Vehicles using the X-body include:
- 1980–1985 Buick Skylark
- 1980–1985 Chevrolet Citation
- 1980–1984 Oldsmobile Omega
- 1980–1984 Pontiac Phoenix
- David Burnham, "Brake tests on 1980 G.M. X-cars suggest a wider recall is needed," New York Times, January 5, 1983.
- John Pearley Huffman (2008-11-25). "10 Cars That Damaged GM's Reputation: 1980-1985 X-Cars". Popular Mechanics. Retrieved 2009-09-17.
- Reginald Stuart (1987-04-15). "Judge Supports G.M. on Brakes in 1980 X-Cars". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-09-17.