GNOME Panel

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GNOME Panel
GNOME Fallback Mode in GNOME 3.0 displaying the panels at the top and bottom of the desktop
GNOME Fallback Mode in GNOME 3.0 displaying the panels at the top and bottom of the desktop
Developer(s)GNOME
Stable release
3.30[1][2]
Repository Edit this at Wikidata
Operating systemUnix-like
PlatformGNOME
Type
LicenseGNU Lesser General Public License
Websitewiki.gnome.org/Projects/GnomePanel

GNOME Panel is a highly configurable taskbar for GNOME. It formed a core part of the GNOME desktop in versions 1.x and 2.x. It has been replaced in GNOME 3.x by default with GNOME Shell, which only works with the Mutter window manager.

There are many applets for GNOME Panel available in one package called gnome-applets[3][4] while some applets included with GNOME Panel as built-in, like a traditional start menu.

GNOME Panel served as Fallback Mode until GNOME 3.8 when Mutter could not be executed[5], then it was replaced with a suite of officially supported GNOME Shell extensions named GNOME Classic.[6] Now it is part of GNOME Flashback, an official session for GNOME 3 which provides an user experience similar to GNOME 2.[7]

In GNOME 3 customizing GNOME Panel is done by press the Alt key while right-click on the panel(s).

Appearance[edit]

A screenshot of the Gnome 2.30.0 desktop with panels at the top and bottom of the screen

By default, GNOME Flashback contains two panels (one on the top, and one to its opposite on the bottom) spanning the width of the screen.

The top panel usually contains navigation menus labeled "Applications" and "Places" in that order, as the "System" menu from GNOME 2.x has been replaced by a control panel in GNOME 3.x. These menus hold links to common applications and areas of the file system, respectively.

A user menu placed on the opposite side of the screen, which has been available since GNOME 2.14 but has become more prominent in GNOME 3.x, holds access to account and system settings as well as options to log out, switch user, and shut down the computer.[8]

The top panel usually contains a clock/calendar and a notification area, which can double as a sort of dock, as well. The bottom panel is commonly empty by default (other than a set of buttons to navigate between desktops) due to its use in the navigation between windows (windows minimize to the bottom panel by default).

Customization[edit]

Users can populate these panels with other completely customizable menus and buttons, including new menus, search boxes, and icons, with the icons in particular (called launchers) performing functions similar to the quick-launch feature found in the Microsoft Windows 98Vista taskbar. GNOME 2.x accomplishes this via right-clicking on an applet and selecting options from a menu; in GNOME 3.x, one must press the Alt key while right-clicking to attain the same functionality.[9]

Other applications can also be attached to the panels, and the panels are highly reconfigurable: anything on these panels can be moved, removed, or configured in other ways. For example, a migrating Microsoft Windows user might move the menus usually positioned in the top panel into a 'start' menu on the bottom panel as well as moving the notification area into the place normally positioned by the Windows notification area, then remove the top panel altogether, to interact with GNOME Panel similarly to the Windows taskbar.

The version of GNOME Panel available in the repository for Ubuntu 12.04 offers a modified version of Fallback Mode with the addition of a custom theme and ports of Ubuntu's own Indicators from their old GNOME 2.x desktop.[10] Trisquel GNU/Linux uses Fallback Mode (Flashback) for its main desktop, because GNOME Shell requires 3D acceleration as it relies on graphics composition, while some free software drivers do not support 3D acceleration, among other reasons like more usable and more stability.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/gnome-panel/
  2. ^ http://ftp.gnome.org/pub/GNOME/sources/gnome-flashback/
  3. ^ https://packages.debian.org/buster/gnome-applets
  4. ^ https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/GnomeApplets
  5. ^ Untz, Vincent "gnome-panel is dead, long live gnome-panel!" vuntz.net, 13 Apr 2011. Available at http://www.vuntz.net/journal/post/2011/04/13/gnome-panel-is-dead,-long-live-gnome-panel!
  6. ^ https://help.gnome.org/users/gnome-help/stable/gnome-classic.html
  7. ^ https://wiki.gnome.org/Projects/GnomeFlashback
  8. ^ "GNOME 3: From an end-user’s perspective" LinuxBSDos.com, 09 Apr 2011. Available at http://www.linuxbsdos.com/2011/04/09/gnome-3-from-an-end-users-perspective/
  9. ^ Satyajit, Sahoo. "Do we really need Gnome 2 Forks?". Funsurf. Archived from the original on 2011.
  10. ^ Sneddon, Joey "GNOME Classic in Ubuntu 12.04: It’s Like Nothing Ever Changed" OMG Ubuntu!, 21 March 2012. Available at http://www.omgubuntu.co.uk/2012/03/gnome-classic-in-ubuntu-12-04-its-like-nothing-ever-changed/
  11. ^ "Trisquel 5.5 STS Brigantia release announcement". 16 April 2012. Archived from the original on |archive-url= requires |archive-date= (help). Retrieved 23 September 2018.

External links[edit]