GNU Health patient main screen on Tryton
|Original author(s)||Luis Falcón|
|Initial release||October 12, 2008|
|Stable release||3.0.2 / July 13, 2016|
|Type||Hospital Information System|
GNU Health is a Free Health and Hospital Information System that provides the following functionality:
It is designed to be multi-platform, so it can be installed in different operating systems (GNU/Linux, FreeBSD, MS Windows) and different database management systems (PostgreSQL). It's written in Python and uses the Tryton as one of its components.
GNU Health started in 2008 by Luis Falcón as a project for health promotion and disease prevention in rural areas. Its initial name was Medical. It has since evolved into a Health and Hospital Information System, with a multi-disciplinary international team of contributors. GNU Health is a project of GNU Solidario, a non-profit non-governmental organization (NGO) that works in the areas of health and education with free software.
- October 12, 2008: Medical project registered at SourceForge
- November 2, 2008: Medical Version 0.0.2 is released at SourceForge
- April 15, 2010: Medical is registered at Brazilian government Portal do Software Público Brasileiro (SPB)
- July 31, 2010: The Project is registered at the European Community Open Source Observatory and Repository
- April 16, 2011: Thymbra transfers GNU Health to the NGO GNU Solidario
- April 18, 2011: Medical switches the development environment from OpenERP to the Tryton framework.
- June 12, 2011: The project is renamed from Medical to GNU Health.
- August 16, 2011: version 1.3.0 is released, supporting Tryton and PostgreSQL.
- August 26, 2011: Richard Stallman declares GNU Health an official GNU Package. At this point, the development portal is moved from SourceForge to GNU Savannah.
- October 29, 2011: Release of GNU Health v 1.4.1. This version is also included at the The Python Package Index - PyPI as a set of Python modules.
- June 25, 2012: Creation of a public Internet GNU Health database test server in Amsterdam.
- February 9, 2013: Release of version 1.8.0, compatible with Tryton 2.6 and Android client
- March 18, 2013: Release of version 1.8.1, with Intensive Care Unit functionality
- July 7, 2013: Release of version 2.0.0. Compatible with Tryton 2.8, New modules for Neglected tropical diseases, starting with Chagas disease. New Demographics section and Domiciliary Units management; new server installer; improvements to the surgery module (ASA physical status classification system and Revised Cardiac Risk Index).
- Sept 22, 2013: Release of version 2.2.0 Dengue and Diagnostic Imaging Tests.
- January 27, 2014: Release of version 2.4.0
- March 22, 2014: First release of the GNU Health Live CD with GNU Health 2.4 and Tryton-Server 3.0.x on openSUSE 13.1. The Live CD offers a ready-to-run system with actual GNU Health and the Demo Database pre-installed.
- July 6, 2014: Release of version 2.6.0. Adds hash functions for document verification; digital signatures and GPG integration.
- February 1, 2015: Release of version 2.8.0. Adds Tryton 3.4 compatibility, data aggregation and synchronization features for distributed environments, a Universal Person Unique Identifier (PUID) and Universal Unique Identifier (UUID) implementation, a HL7 FHIR server, birth and death certificates, and enhanced crypto features (GNU Privacy Guard integration).
- January 11, 2016 : Release of version 3.0.0: Tryton 3.8 compatibility - including web client support -; Person functionality and disability module, inspired in WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health; basic Ophthalmology and Optometry functionality, and WHO ICD9 CM Volume 3 procedural codes
GNU Health is intended for health institutions and governments, to take care of the daily clinical practice, manage resources, and to improve Public health.
GNU Health uses a modular approach around the kernel, with different functionality that can be included to meet the health center's needs. The current modules are:
- Health: Main data model for objects such as patient, evaluations, health centers, diseases, appointments, vaccinations and medicaments
- Pediatrics: Includes models for neonatology, pediatrics and psychosocial evaluations (Pediatric Symptoms Checklist - PSC)
- Pediatric Growth Charts : Including World Health Organization percentile and z-scores charts
- Gynecology and Obstetrics: Gynecology, obstetrics, perinatal information and puerperium
- Lifestyle: Physical exercise, diets, drug addictions, National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) recreational drug database, Henningfield ratings, sexuality, risk factors, home safety, child safety
- Genetics: Hereditary risks. Around 4200 “disease genes” from the NCBI / GeneCards
- Lab: Manages the request, creation and evaluation of laboratory analyses. Interface to Laboratory Information Management System
- Socioeconomics: Education, occupation, living conditions, hostile areas, child labour and prostitution, among others.
- Inpatient: Patient Hospitalization, bed assignment, care and nursing plans.
- Surgery: Pre-operation checklist, procedures, operating rooms, patient surgery history.
- Services: Groups health related services for the patient. It also allows to generate invoices / billing to the selected services. Replaces the initial "invoice" module.
- Calendar: Adds functionality to connect with a CalDAV client, and manage calendars for appointments.
- Inpatient_calendar: Manages calendars for patient hospitalizations and bed assignments.
- QR Codes: Includes QR codes for identification
- History: Specific reports for patient clinical history
- MDG6: Millennium Development Goal 6. Functionality to fight Malaria, Tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.
- Reporting: Generates graphs for epidemiological and health center related information.
- Nursing: Nursing functionality. Patient roundings, medication administration and procedures.
- ICU: Intensive-care Unit functionality.
- Stock: Pharmacy stock management and automatic stock moves generation on medical procedures.
- NTD : Base module to cover Neglected tropical diseases
- NTD Chagas : Functionality to prevent, diagnose, control and manage Chagas disease . This module is part of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) series in GNU Health.
- NTD Dengue : Surveillance and management of Dengue fever . Part of Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) series.
- Imaging : Functionality for Diagnostic Imaging orders and management.
- ICPM : WHO International Classification of Procedures in Medicine
- Crypto : Support for document digest / record integrity check with hash functions ; digital signatures and GNU Privacy Guard plugin.
- Archives : Functionality to track legacy or paper-based patient Health records.
- Ophthalmology : Basic Ophthalmology and Optometry functionality
- Functioning and Disability : Based on WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and Laos Center of Medical Rehabilitation
- ICD9 Vol 3 : WHO ICD-9-CM Volume 3 Procedure codes
- GNU Health was presented at World Health Organization session "ICT for Improving Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health" in WSIS Forum 2013.
- GNU Health was awarded the Free Software Foundation's 2011 Award for Projects of Social Benefit.
- GNU Health won the awards PortalProgramas 2012, 2014 and 2015 for Most Revolutionary Free Software and Software with Largest Potential of Growth in 2012.
- "Free Software vs Open Source: Tryton vs OpenERP". 8 September 2011.
- "When Free Software Depends on Nonfree". 11 April 2016.
- "ICT for Improving Information and Accountability for Women’s and Children’s Health". 14 May 2013.
- Lee, Matt (26 March 2012). "2011 Free Software Awards announced". Free Software Foundation. Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 28 March 2012.
- "Premios PortalProgramas al Software Libre 2014". 29 October 2014.
- "Premios PortalProgramas al Software Libre 2012". 4 January 2013.
- Other news and articles
- Video : Luis Falcón speech about GNU Health at Harvard / MIT Global Health Informatics to Improve Quality of Care course. Feb. 2015
- GNU Health : Helping Governments in the fight against Social Diseases . Luis Falcon speech at OSC2014. Tokyo, Japan. October 19th 2014
- GNU Health : Improving Children's and Mother's lives with Free Software
- Luis Falcón : Sin Salud Pública no hay Desarrollo . Article in La Provincia, July 3rd 2013
- Success of GNU Health goes beyond free software
- GNU Health en Hospitales Públicos. Ministerio de Salud de Entre Ríos
- ALPI es pionero en la informática médica de Argentina gracias a la implementación del Software Libre: GNU Health
- Article in El Mundo: Liberar la salud con "software"
- Article in Linux Magazine: Projects on the Move
- GNU Health at the United Nations University
- TechRepublic. 10 open source projects that could really use a donation
- GNU Health é software livre para uso na área de saúde .- Linux Magazine Brasil Oct 2011
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