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GOES-14 during pre-launch processing
Mission typeWeather satellite
OperatorNOAA / NASA
COSPAR ID2009-033A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.35491
Mission durationElasped: 15 years and 14 days
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeGOES-N series
ManufacturerBoeing, ITT Corporation
Launch mass3,133 kilograms (6,907 lb)
Power2.3 kilowatts from solar array
Start of mission
Launch date27 June 2009, 22:51 (2009-06-27UTC22:51Z) UTC
RocketDelta IV-M+(4,2)
Launch siteCape Canaveral SLC-37B
ContractorUnited Launch Alliance
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Longitude105° West[1]
Perigee altitude35,773 kilometres (22,228 mi)
Apogee altitude35,800 kilometres (22,200 mi)
Period1,437 minutes

GOES-14, known as GOES-O prior to reaching its operational orbit, is an American weather satellite, which is part of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)'s Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) system. The spacecraft was built by Boeing and is based on the BSS-601 bus. It is the second of three GOES satellites to use the BSS-601 bus, after GOES-13, which was launched in May 2006.

It was launched by United Launch Alliance aboard a Delta IV-M+(4,2) rocket at 22:51 UTC on 27 June 2009, from Space Launch Complex 37B at the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Upon reaching geostationary orbit, on 7 July, it was redesignated GOES-14. It underwent a 6-month series of post-launch tests[2] before completing its "check-out" phase and then was placed into "orbital storage mode" or stand-by.[3][4] Its first full disk image was sent on 27 July 2009.[5]

GOES-14 was brought out of storage and began one-minute rapid scans of Tropical Storm Isaac on 24 August 2012. On 24 September 2012, it temporarily assumed the role of GOES-East after GOES-13 experienced technical difficulties.[6] On 1 October 2012, it began moving East at a rate of 0.9° per day to an ultimate geosynchronous position of 75° West longitude to better cover the Atlantic basin during troubleshooting and repair of GOES-13.[7] GOES-13 was returned to service on 18 October 2012.

GOES-14 was used to monitor Hurricane Sandy in parallel with the repaired GOES-13[8] and was returned to storage again on February 13, 2013.[9] GOES-14 was again reactivated on 23 May 2013 when a tiny meteorite struck GOES-13 and tilted it out of alignment. GOES-14 operated from its storage location for about 3 weeks while operators got GOES-13 back online.[1][10]

GOES-14 was to be powered off and placed into storage on 29 February 2020. It can be called back into service if needed.[11]


The Launch of GOES-O.
The Animation of GOES-14's trajectory.
  GOES-14 ·    Earth
This is the first full-disk thermal infrared (IR) image taken by GOES-14.

The first attempt to launch GOES-O was made on 26 June 2009, during a launch window running from 22:14-23:14 UTC (18:14-19:14 EDT). Due to rain and lightning at the launch site, the launch was delayed from the start of the window to 22:44 UTC, and once this passed, it was reset to the end of the window. At 22:59 UTC, the launch was scrubbed after field mills detected an unacceptably strong electrical field in the atmosphere, and fifteen minutes would have been required from this clearing in order to launch - longer than remained of the launch window.[12] The weather satellite was eventually launched on 27 June 2009 22:51 UTC (16:51 EDT).[13]

Attempt Planned Result Turnaround Reason Decision point Weather go (%) Notes
1 26 Jun 2009, 10:14:00 pm scrubbed weather (lightning) 26 Jun 2009, 10:44 pm [12]
2 27 Jun 2009, 10:51:00 pm success 1 day, 0 hours, 37 minutes [13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Product Outage/Anomaly: GOES-13 (GOES-East) Data Outage". NOAA. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
  2. ^ Hillger, Don (27 July 2009). "GOES-14 NOAA/Science Post Launch Test (PLT)". NOAA. Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere. Retrieved 6 August 2009.
  3. ^ "New NOAA Satellite Reaches Orbit". NOAA. 27 June 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2009.
  4. ^ "GOES-14 (O) Moving Into on-Orbit Storage Around Earth". Science Daily. Retrieved February 7, 2010.
  5. ^ "GOES-14 first full disk image". NOAA. 28 July 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2023..
  6. ^ "GOES-14 Replaces GOES-13 as the GOES East Satellite". NOAA. Archived from the original on 1 October 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2012.
  7. ^ "GOES-14 satellite drifts eastward to replace malfunctioning GOES-13 - EarthSky.org". earthsky.org. 3 October 2012.
  8. ^ "Hurricane Sandy Life Cycle from GOES-13 and GOES-14 « CIMSS Satellite Blog". cimss.ssec.wisc.edu. 30 October 2012.
  9. ^ "GOES-14 Operational Status". ospo.nasa.gov. Archived from the original on 8 May 2019. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  10. ^ Leone, Dan (19 October 2015). "Launch of GOES-R Satellite Delayed Six Months". Retrieved 8 May 2019.
  11. ^ "NOAA Readies GOES-15 and GOES-14 for Orbital Storage". www.nesdis.noaa.gov. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  12. ^ a b GOES-O Launch Coverage (Webcast). Cape Canaveral Air Force Station: NASA TV. 26 June 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2009.
  13. ^ a b "Weather Scrub statement for Delta IV GOES-O launch". Spaceref.com. 26 June 2009. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2009.

External links[edit]