Artist's impression of an HS-371 derived GOES satellite
|Mission type||Weather satellite|
|Operator||NOAA / NASA|
|Mission duration||7 years (planned)|
6 years (VISSR)
9 years (achieved)
|Launch mass||660 kilograms (1,460 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||28 April 1983, 22:26UTC|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral LC-17A|
|End of mission|
|Deactivated||19 May 1992|
|Longitude||135° West (1983-1984)|
97° West (1984)
108° West (1984-1987)
135° West (1987-1992)
|Slot||GOES-WEST (1983-1984, 1987-1992)|
|Semi-major axis||42,151.0 kilometers (26,191.4 mi)|
|Perigee||35,759.4 kilometers (22,219.9 mi)|
|Apogee||35,800.9 kilometers (22,245.6 mi)|
GOES 6, known as GOES-F before becoming operational, was a geostationary weather satellite which was operated by the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration as part of the Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite system. Launched in 1983, it was used for weather forecasting in the United States.
GOES 6 was built by Hughes Space and Communications, and was based on the HS-371 satellite bus. At launch it had a mass of 660 kilograms (1,460 lb), with an expected operational lifespan of around seven years.
The launch successfully placed GOES-F into a geosynchronous transfer orbit, from which it raised itself to geostationary orbit by means of an onboard Star 27 apogee motor, with insertion occurring on 9 May 1983.
Following insertion into geosynchronous orbit, GOES 6 was positioned at 135° West. In 1984 it was moved, initially to 97° West, and later to 108° West to cover for the failure of the Visible Infrared Spin-Scan Radiometer on GOES 5. After GOES 7 replaced GOES 5 in 1987, GOES 6 was returned to 135° West, where it remained for the rest of its operational life. Its imager had failed on 21 January 1989, leaving GOES 7 as the only operational GOES satellite for over five years, until the launch of GOES 8 in 1994. Following this failure, it remained operational as a relay satellite until it was retired to a graveyard orbit on 19 May 1992.
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- "GOES 6". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- Krebs, Gunter. "GOES 4, 5, 6, G, 7". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- Wade, Mark. "GOES". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Index". Geostationary Orbit Catalog. Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2009-08-15.