GO Transit infrastructure
The infrastructure of GO Transit, the interregional public transit system in Southern Ontario, includes various road and rail vehicles, and a complete network of stations, facilities and rail corridors to serve customers. This includes 7 lines serving serve 59 stations by rail, 15 terminals and many intermediate stops by bus, and a few mainentance facilities to keep 57 locomotives, 495 train coaches, and 401 buses in good condition.
Many expansion projects on GO Transit's rail network were created in the mid-2000s under the funding umbrella of the GO Transit Rail Improvement Plan, or GO TRIP. The majority of projects have been completed, with only a few remaining:
- Constructing a third track between Port Credit GO Station in Mississauga and Kerr St. in Oakville (just west of Oakville GO Station) on the Lakeshore West line. , due to be completed April 2010
- Grade separation of the West Toronto Diamond on the Georgetown line.
A new round of post-GO TRIP expansions to the rail system has been progressing through the various environmental assessment processes. These include:
|Union Pearson Express||Union Pearson Express||Completed, opened June 6 2015.|
|Kitchener (formerly Georgetown)||Georgetown South expansion||Construction underway|
|Extension to Kitchener, with new stations in Acton, Guelph, Breslau and Kitchener and a layover yard in Baden.||Guelph and Kitchener in service; Acton station delayed until 2013|
|Georgetown North expansion Phase 2||Environmental assessment scheduled autumn 2011|
|Richmond Hill||Extension with two new stations and a layover yard.||Construction starting summer 2012 on work for Gormley GO Station, to open in 2014. Bloomington GO Station awaiting funding|
|Infrastructure improvements to permit frequent all-day service, including grade separation of the Doncaster Diamond||Environmental assessment scheduled winter 2012|
|Lakeshore East||Extension to Bowmanville, with two new stations in Oshawa (replacing the existing Oshawa GO station), plus Courtice and Bowmanville||Environmental assessment completed January 28, 2011; Notice to Proceed issued March 28, 2011|
|Possible 3rd track from Guildwood to Durham Junction, just west of Pickering GO Station||Environmental assessment scheduled winter 2011|
|Milton||Infrastructure improvements to permit frequent all-day service
||Feasibility study completed June 2009; environmental assessment underway|
|Extension to Cambridge||Feasibility study due to start fall 2011, environmental assessment scheduled fall 2012|
|Lakeshore West||Extension to provide regular service to Niagara Falls, with new stations in downtown and eastern Hamilton, Grimsby, St. Catharines, and/or Niagara Falls||Environmental assessment completed May 19, 2011; public review underway|
|Hamilton Junction grade separation||Federal funding announced February 2009; environmental assessment scheduled winter 2010|
|Stouffville||Infrastructure improvements to permit frequent all-day service||Environmental assessment scheduled winter 2010|
|Extension to Uxbridge||No start date determined|
|Barrie||Infrastructure improvements to permit frequent all-day service, including grade separation of Davenport Diamond and a projected new station at St. Clair Avenue
||Environmental assessment scheduled summer 2012|
|New stations at Downsview Park subway station (replacing York University GO Station) and near Innisfil||No start date determined|
|Bolton||New service to Bolton (see below)||Feasibility study completed fall 2009; environmental assessment scheduled summer 2011|
|Seaton||New service to Seaton (see below), potentially involving Midtown corridor||Environmental assessment scheduled fall 2011|
|Locust Hill||New service to Claremont (see below), potentially involving Midtown corridor||Environmental assessment scheduled fall 2011|
|Extension to Peterborough||Feasibility study underway; environmental assessment scheduled winter 2013|
- Bolton line
This line would follow a CP rail line from Union Station through western Toronto and Woodbridge to the suburban community of Bolton, Ontario, replacing a bus service that currently encompasses two inbound and two outbound trips.
- Seaton line
This line would use CP's Belleville subdivision to run from Toronto through northern Scarborough and east to Brock Road in Pickering. The line would likely be introduced after further development of the Seaton new town in Pickering. GO Trains originating at Union might reach the Belleville subdivision by potentially using disused CP Trackage in the lower Don Valley or by following the existing Stouffville line then shifting onto Belleville subdivision trackage via a new connection structure near Kennedy and Sheppard. Alternatively, trains might originate along the Midtown Corridor (see below).
- Locust Hill line
This line, like the Seaton line, would use CP's Belleville subdivision, then branch at the Agincourt yard onto CP's Havelock subdivision and continue northeast to Brock Road in the small community of Claremont, within the city of Pickering. This line would serve the growing community of Cornell in Markham, as well as the established Morningside Heights subdivision in Toronto. If the proposed Pickering International Airport is built, it will likely also connect to this line.
Although it was not been included in MoveOntario 2020, commuter rail service to Peterborough has also been proposed, which would involve trains travelling on the same line but continuing beyond Claremont. The federal government announced funding for a commuter train route to Peterborough in its 2008 budget, but it is uncertain who will operate it, as neither GO Transit nor federally-owned Via Rail have expressed any interest. Extensive track upgrades would be necessary to allow trains to reach desirable speeds. GO Transit provided a compromise by starting a train-meet bus service on September 5, 2009, between Peterborough and Oshawa GO station (on the Lakeshore East line), making stops at RR10 & Highway 115, downtown Peterborough and Trent University.
- Midtown corridor
MoveOntario 2020 also proposed adding passenger service on the CP freight mainline that cuts through Toronto to the north of the downtown area. The midtown corridor runs from the Junction (intersection of many CN and CP lines, as well as the GO Georgetown and Milton routes) to the Don Valley. Service could involve an extension of the Seaton and North Pickering routes westward, or a combination of trains from the Georgetown and Milton lines. Passenger service would need to be restored to the former North Toronto Station on Yonge Street, or a new station would possibly be built adjacent to the Dupont TTC Station at Spadina Road.
While this proposal would take pressure off of Union Station, and would arguably become one of the more popular and lucrative of the new lines, it faces tremendous roadblocks and is the least likely of the new routes to be implemented. Canadian Pacific is strongly resistant to allow operation of GO trains on its tracks, and this line would use its most congested route, the mainline. The TTC is highly opposed also to a competing corridor to its Bloor-Danforth line. Furthermore, the proposed transfer points to the Yonge-University-Spadina subway would require new construction and would swamp existing stations. GO passengers transferring to the TTC at Union Station are moving "counterflow" (northbound into downtown) and take advantage of some rare rush-hour spare capacity on the line, whereas the new station would only add to the growing peak-direction congestion on the Yonge and University segments. On the surface, the midtown corridor appears to require the least increase in infrastructure and should be the simplest to implement, but is in fact the most difficult from a bureaucratic perspective.
On June 1, 2012, Metrolinx contracted Bombardier to manufacture an additional 60 bilevel cars of an updated design. They are to be delivered between 2013 and 2015.
- Active locomotives
All MP40PH-3C locomotives operated by GO Transit have been manufactured by Wabtec MotivePower Industries in Boise, Idaho. These replaced most of the older EMD F59PH over a 4-year transition program in early 2011. The new MP 40 locomotives are significantly more powerful with 4000 bhp vs the F59's 3000 bhp, allowing them to pull 12 coaches instead of 10.
|1990||EMD||F59PH III||557-561||Rebuilt 2011 for continued service|
|1990||EMD||F59PH IV||562-564||Rebuilt 2011 for continued service|
|2013-14||657-666||Delivery complete EPA Tier 3 compliant|
- Retired locomotives
|1967||Hawker Siddeley Canada||Hawker Siddeley RTC-85SP/D (Single-level self-propelled unit)||Built as D700-D701, D702-D708
Renumbered to 9825-9826, 9827-9833; total order 117
|Diesel multiple units. Cars built on original 1967 car order by HSC in Thunder Bay, Ontario and based on the Hawker-Siddeley H-Series subway car. Converted to cab cars by 1975. Some cars leased to MARC. Cars sold to ONR (16) and AMT (92) in the 1980s. 2 cars went to Pandrol-Jackson (Electric Tamper and Equipment Company) as crew-cars for railgrinding operations; 7 cars scrapped.|
|1973, 1976; 1982||General Motors Diesel Division EMD||FP7A & F7B locomotives||900-911; 9858-9862||16 FP7A ex-ONR / - used as power cars; sold to various operators after 1980s|
|1966||General Motors Diesel Division||GP40TC locomotive||500-507||All sold to Amtrak in 1988. Rebuilt by Norfolk Southern and now classed as GP38H-3s.|
|1973, 1975||General Motors Diesel Division||GP40-2L locomotive||700-710||11 purchase; 10 sold to CNR (9668-9677) and 1 sold to Tri-Rail in 1991|
|1978||General Motors Division||F40PH locomotive||510-515||Sold to Amtrak 1990. All retired in 2003.|
|1967||General Motors Diesel Division||GP40U locomotive||720-726||bought from Chrome Crankshaft in 1982. Upgraded to GP40-2M by Chrome Crankshaft/CRI&P; traded to GMDD for F59PHs 561-568 in 1994|
|1988||EMD||F59PH I||520-535||All are owned by RBX Leasing.|
|1989–1990||EMD||F59PH II||536-539||Sold 2010|
|1990||EMD||F59PH IV||565-568||Sold to Trinity Railway Express in Irving, Texas, USA.|
|Pullman-Standard||Gallery coach/cab car||1960s||No||leased from C&NW, 1976.|
|Canadian Vickers||Gallery coach/cab car||1974-1989?||No||leased from CPR Montreal-area commuter service (STCUM-AMT), 1974.|
|HSC||Bi-Level I coach||1976–1978||2000–2079||No||10 sold to TRE, 1997.|
|HSC||Bi-Level II coach||1983–1984||2100–2155, 200-214||No|
|UTDC||Bi-Level III coach||1987-1989||2200-2253, 215-223||No||leased from Tri-Rail, 2002.|
|UTDC||Bi-Level III coach||1989–1990||2300-2341, 224-241||No|
|UTDC||Bi-Level V coach||1990–1991||2400-2455, 2499||No|
|Bombardier Transportation||Bi-Level VI coach||2002||2500–2521||Yes|
|Bombardier Transportation||Bi-Level VII coach||2003-2008||2522-2544, 2600–2661, 242-250||Yes||5 orders|
|Bombardier Transportation||Bi-Level VIII coach||2008–present||2545-2552, 2700-2814, 251-257||Yes||4 orders. 2550-2552, 2771-2814, 255-257 being delivered 2011-2012|
|1970||GMDD||T8H-5305A||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1000–1019|
|1973||GMDD||T8H-5307A||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1020–1029|
|1974||GMDD||T8H-5307A||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1030–1039, 1120–1123|
|1975||GMDD||T8H-5307A||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1045–1056|
|1976||GMDD||S8H-5304A||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1060–1099|
|1977||GMDD||T8H-5307A||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1100–1119|
|1985||Ontario Bus||Orion I 01.508||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1125–1129|
|1987||Ontario Bus||Orion I 01.508||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1130–1141|
|2000||Orion Bus||Orion V 05.501||40 ft (12.2 m)||Yes||Detroit Diesel S50||1150–1163|
|2002||Orion Bus||Orion V 05.501||40 ft (12.2 m)||Yes||Detroit Diesel S50||1164–1173|
|1975||MCI||MC-8||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1250–1262|
|1978||MCI||MC-8||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1270–1281|
|1980||MCI||MC-9||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1290–1294|
|1981||MCI||MC-9||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 8V71||1300–1324|
|1986||MCI||102A2||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1400–1416|
|1987||MCI||102A2||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1417–1425|
|1988||MCI||102A2||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1426–1435|
|1989||MCI||102A2||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1436–1445|
|1990||MCI||102A2||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1446–1458|
|1991||MCI||102A2||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1459–1468|
|1990||MCI||102A3||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1500–1514|
|1993||MCI||102C3||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Cummins L10||1520–1531|
|1999||Prevost||LeMirage XL||40 ft (12.2 m)||Yes||Detroit Diesel Series 60||1600–1609|
|1991||New Flyer||D40S||40 ft (12.2 m)||No||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||1900–1950|
|2000||Orion||V 05.501||40.71 ft (12.41 m)||Yes||Detroit Diesel Series 50||2000–2007|
|2001||Orion||V 05.501||40.71 ft (12.41 m)||Yes||Detroit Diesel Series 50||2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016|
GO Transit MCI D4500 2109 at York University
|2004||MCI||D4500||45.42 ft (13.84 m)||Yes||Caterpillar C13 EPA 2004||2216–2266|
|2005||MCI||D4500CT||45.42 ft (13.84 m)||Yes||Caterpillar C13 EPA 2004||2267–2286|
|2006||MCI||D4500CT||45.42 ft (13.84 m)||Yes||Caterpillar C13 EPA 2004||2287–2317|
|2007||MCI||D4500CT||45.42 ft (13.84 m)||Yes||Caterpillar C13 EPA 2004||2318–2353|
|2008||Alexander Dennis||Enviro500||42 ft (12.8 m)||Yes||Cummins ISM EPA 2007||8000-8011|
|2008||MCI||D4500CT||45.42 ft (13.84 m)||Yes||Caterpillar C13 EPA 2007||2354–2419|
|2009||MCI||D4500CTH (Hybrid)||45.42 ft (13.84 m)||Yes||Cummins ISL 330HP EPA 2007||3000-3003|
|2009||Alexander Dennis||Enviro500||42 ft (12.8 m)||Yes||Cummins ISM EPA 2007||8012-8021|
|2009||MCI||D4500CT||45.42 ft (13.84 m)||Yes||Cummins ISM EPA 2007||2420–2439|
|2013-2014||Alexander Dennis||Enviro500||42 ft (12.8 m)||Yes||Cummins ISL (EPA 2010)||8101-8205|
|2002–2008||Dodge||RAM Super Duty 4X4||Maintenance|
|2002–2005||Ford||Ford Ranger||Bus Operations|
|2003–present||Chevrolet||Chevy Express/Savanna 2500||Rail Operations|
|2005||Dodge||RAM 205 5RM||Maintenance|
GO Bus service uses 15 bus terminals, with numerous intermediate stops and ticket agencies, in addition to providing off-peak and express services to GO Train stations. The terminals have a wide range of owner/operator/user relationships; GO owned facility with exclusive use or shared with local service; municipal transit operation shared by GO; intercity terminal shared with Greyhound, Coach Canada, etc. During the school year there are also thousands of rides a day to the York University Bus Loop, one of the biggest transit hubs in the GTA.
Maintenance and Rebuild facilities
Most maintenance of vehicles are done in-house by GO Transit. Major projects like overhauls are sent back to the manufacturer. GO Transit has contracted overhaul of select bi-level cars to Ontario Northland North Bay Yard shops.
|Facility||Year opened||Operating Details||Notes|
|GO Transit Willowbrook Yard||1970s||125 Judson Street, Toronto, covering 17 hectares of land and 13,000 m2 of workshops.||Formerly CNR Mimico Terminal repair facilities and next to VIA Rail facilities|
|Don Yard||2007||Layover facility for 10 trains during the day||Formerly, CNR Don Sorting Yard west of the Don River and north of the Gardiner Expressway. Union Pearson Express trains will be stored here as well.|
|North Bathurst Yard||1987||Layover facility for trains between Spadina Avenue and Bathurst Street south of Front Street.||Tracks are formerly used by CNR Bathurst Street yard|
|Georgetown GO Station||1990s||Layover facility for trains overnight and weekends for trains on Georgetown line; backup battery supply||Shared Via Rail - train stop|
|Lincolnville GO Station||2008||Layover facility and for trains and terminus for Stouffville line (and along CN Uxbridge Subdivision)||storage for 6 12-car train sets|
|Milton GO Station layover yard||2006–2007||For overnight storage and temp storage for trains on Milton line||storage for 6 12-car train sets|
|Steeprock Bus Garage||1979||200 Steeprock Drive; Storage for 130 buses, 70 bus staging areas, 20 repair bays.||For buses in the GTA|
|GO Transit West Region Office||3500 Wolfedale Road., Mississauga, Ontario||Parking for GO transit service vehicles|
|GO Transit East Region Office||81 Middlefield Road, Toronto, Ontario; offices northeast of CPR Agincourt Yard||Parking for GO transit service vehicles|
|Hamilton GO Centre||1996||Outdoor bus terminal and rail station||Former Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo Railway and CPR station|
|Milton GO Station||1981||Outdoor bus storage in parking lot; on CN Weston Subdivision|
|Newmarket Bus Terminal||1970||Outdoor bus terminal with commuter parking lot|
|Newmarket Bus Garage||1980's||18110 Yonge Street, Newmarket, ON. Indoor bus storage and repair bays.|
|GO Transit Barrie Layover Facility||2012||Allandale Station Lands on Lakeshore Drive. For overnight storage and temp storage for trains on the Barrie line. Storage for 5 12-car train sets (with provisions for 6). Ex-CNR and VIA Rail Allandale Station and rail facility.|
|Bramalea GO Station||1974||Outdoor bus storage in parking lot; on CN Weston Subdivision|
|Kitchener layover facility||December 2011||Temporary layover facility for trains and terminus for extended Georgetown line. Storage for 2 12-car train sets. Will be replaced once Baden layover facilities on Nafziger Road are completed.|
|Whitby layover facility||To be determined||Layover facility and for trains and terminus for extended Lakeshore East line. Proposed East Rail maintenance facility to be located at southeast corner of South Blair Street and Victoria Street East.||Environmental assessment completed January 2011|
|Streetsville Garage||February 2009||6190 Mississauga Road, Storage for 200 buses including double deckers||281,122-sq.-ft building with staff of 400 includes bus washing facilities|
- GO Transit. "Expansion Projects". GO Transit website. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
- "GO extends trains to Guelph and Kitchener". Transit Toronto. 2011-12-14.
- "Metrolinx fulfills its commitment to bring GO Trains to Acton" (Press release). Metrolinx. 2012-07-26. Retrieved 2012-08-29.
- Metrolinx (2009-07-29). "Overview of GO Transit Expansion Plans and Capital Projects" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-03-10.
- "Oshawa to Bowmanville Rail Service Expansion and Rail Maintenance Facility" (pdf). Retrieved 2010-11-03.
- "GO rail Options Benefits Case Assessment" (PDF). p. 9. Retrieved 2010-11-03.
- "Metrolinx orders more Bombardier BiLevels" Railway Gazette 14 March 2011
- "GO News: Winter 2011" (PDF). GO Transit. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- Orion V, Technical Specifications
- MCI Hybrid Commuter Coach Specifications
- GO Transit, the year in review 2006-07
- GO 407's one millionth rider at York University
- Ian Ross (13 March 2009). "GO Transit contract establishes Ontario Northland". Northern Ontario Business. Retrieved 12 January 2010.