GP3 Series

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Not to be confused with Formula Three.
GP3 Series
GP3-Serie logo.svg
Category Single seaters
Country International
Inaugural season 2010
Drivers 28
Teams 7
Constructors Dallara
Engine suppliers Mecachrome[1]
Tyre suppliers Pirelli
Drivers' champion France Esteban Ocon
Teams' champion France ART Grand Prix
Official website gp3series.com
Motorsport current event.svg Current season

The GP3 Series, or GP3 for short, is a single seater motor racing series launched in 2010 as a feeder series for the GP2 Series, introduced by GP2 organiser Bruno Michel.[2]

GP3 follows the entire European leg of the Formula One series and the GP2 series as a support race for the two. In 2012, the series visited the Monaco street circuit after 2 years of attempts, as they were always unable to beforehand due to lack of room. Like the GP2 series, GP3 gives drivers the experience of the Grand Prix environment, and takes advantage of the infrastructure, such as marshals and medical facilities, in place for the Formula One events.

Many drivers have since stepped up to GP2 since the series began, with the 2010 champion Esteban Gutiérrez, Pål Varhaug and ninth-place finisher Stefano Coletti being the first to do so for the 2011 season. 2011 champion Valtteri Bottas did not follow suit however, and instead joined Williams F1 as a reserve driver. Meanwhile, James Calado, Rio Haryanto, Simon Trummer, Tom Dillmann and Nigel Melker all joined GP2 for the 2012 season. Other drivers who have graduated to other series are James Jakes who moved to the IndyCar Series for 2011, Josef Newgarden to the Indy Lights series in 2011 and Alexander Rossi and Robert Wickens who moved to the Formula Renault 3.5 Series in 2011 and Lewis Williamson in 2012.

In the series' short history, eight drivers have gone on to compete, or are competing in Formula One currently after GP3. These include former champions Gutiérrez, Kvyat and Bottas for Sauber, Red Bull Racing and Williams respectively, Jean-Éric Vergne and Carlos Sainz Jr. for Toro Rosso.

GP3 Series cars[edit]

The GP3 Series car is a standardised car used by all of the competing teams.

Dallara GP3/10[edit]

See also: Dallara GP3/10
A typical GP3/10 car driven by Tom Dillmann in 2011

For the 2010-2012 seasons, the GP3 series used the GP3/10 chassis.[3]

Chassis
The car had been designed and built by Dallara, who currently produces the GP2 chassis.
Engine
The GP3/10 used a four-cylinder 2.0-litre turbocharged 280-400 hp engine developed by Renault Sport, while turbochargers were supplied by BorgWarner. The wastegate was included due to turbocharger rules.
Gearbox
The GP3/10 used a 6 speed longitudinal sequential Hewland gearbox.
Tyres
Pirelli supplied the tyres for GP3 from 2010 to 2012, same supplier for the GP2 Series.

Dallara GP3/13[edit]

The series uses a new chassis for the 2013 season, and will be continued to use until 2016.[4]

Chassis
The car has also been designed and built by Dallara.
Engine
The GP3/13 uses a naturally aspirated 3.4-litre V6 400 hp engine, developed by AER Ltd. with designation P57.
Gearbox
The GP3/13 will again use a 6 speed longitudinal sequential gearbox developed by Hewland.
Tyres
Pirelli will continue to supply the tyres for GP3 from 2013 onwards.

Dallara GP3/16[edit]

The series uses an another new chassis for the 2016 season, and will be continued to use until 2019.[5]

Chassis
The car has also been designed and built by Dallara.
Engine
The GP3/16 uses a naturally aspirated 3.4-litre V6 400 hp engine, developed by Mecachrome, prepared and maintained by Teos Engineering.
Gearbox
The GP3/16 will again use a 6 speed longitudinal sequential gearbox developed by Hewland.
Tyres
Pirelli will continue to supply the tyres for GP3 from 2016 onwards.

Specifications[edit]

  • Engine displacement: 3.4 L (207 cu in) DOHC V6
  • Gearbox: 6-speed paddle shift gearbox
  • Weight: 1,389 lb (630 kg)
  • Power output: 400 hp (298 kW)
  • Fuel: Total 100 RON Unleaded
  • Fuel capacity: 65 litres (17 US gallons)
  • Fuel delivery: Fuel injection
  • Aspiration: Naturally aspirated
  • Length: 4,480 mm (176 in)
  • Width: 1,880 mm (74 in)
  • Wheelbase: 2,765 mm (109 in) adjustable plus or minus 15 mm (1 in)
  • Steering: Power-assisted rack and pinion

Race weekend[edit]

A race weekend features one 45-minute practice session on Friday, and one 30-minute qualifying session on Saturday, followed by two races. The qualifying session is a straight fight for the fastest laptime, and determines the order of the grid for Saturday's Race 1.

Race 2 is on Sunday. The grid is decided by the Saturday result with top 8 being reversed, so the driver who finished 8th on Saturday will start from pole position and the winner will start from 8th place.

The distance of each race is decided prior to the event, however, should 30 minutes elapse before the designated number of laps are completed the lead driver will be shown the chequered flag.[6]

Point system[edit]

2010–2011[edit]

Points System For Feature Race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th 
10 8 6 5 4 3 2 1
Points System For Sprint Race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th 
6 5 4 3 2 1
  • Pole for Saturday races: 2 points
  • Fastest lap: 1 point in each race.
  • Driver recording fastest lap has to drive 90% of race laps and must finish in the top ten of the race to be eligible for the fastest lap point.

With this points system, the most number of points anyone can score in one round is 20 by claiming pole position, winning both races with the fastest lap in each race.

No driver ever did manage to get maximum points with this system, the closest drivers who have done so are Esteban Gutiérrez at the 2010 British round, who managed pole position for the feature race, won the feature race and got the fastest lap, and then came third in the sprint race, which equals a total of 17 points. And Valtteri Bottas at the 2011 Hungarian round, who achieved pole position and won the feature race, and then came second in the sprint race, also totaling 17 points.

2012 onwards[edit]

Points System For Feature Race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th   9th   10th 
25 18 15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
Points System For Sprint Race
 1st   2nd   3rd   4th   5th   6th   7th   8th 
15 12 10 8 6 4 2 1
  • Pole for Saturday races: 4 points
  • Fastest lap: 2 point in each race.
  • Driver recording fastest lap has to drive 90% of race laps and must finish in the top ten of the race to be eligible for the fastest lap point.

With this points system, the most number of points anyone can score in one round is 48 by claiming pole position, winning both races with the fastest lap in each race.

So far throughout the new points system, no driver has achieved the maximum amount of points in a single round. In Hungarian round of 2012, António Félix da Costa became first driver to win both races of the weekend.

Teams and drivers[edit]

GP3 Series has ten European teams and thirty drivers representing the Series. Manor Racing, Atech CRS GP and Carlin represent Great Britain, whilst flying the French flag is GP2 Series 2009 Champions ART Grand Prix and Tech 1 Racing. MW Arden in association with ex-Formula One driver Mark Webber race under an Australian license. Spaniard Addax Team, German RSC Mücke Motorsport in association with Ralf Schumacher, Irish-Canadian Status Grand Prix, and Swiss team Jenzer Motorsport complete the lineup.

Champions[edit]

Season Champion Second Third Team Champion
2010 Mexico Esteban Gutiérrez (ART Grand Prix) Canada Robert Wickens (Status Grand Prix) Switzerland Nico Müller (Jenzer Motorsport) France ART Grand Prix
2011 Finland Valtteri Bottas (Lotus ART) United Kingdom James Calado (Lotus ART) Netherlands Nigel Melker (RSC Mücke Motorsport) France Lotus ART
2012 New Zealand Mitch Evans (MW Arden) Germany Daniel Abt (Lotus GP) Portugal António Félix da Costa (Carlin) France Lotus GP
2013 Russia Daniil Kvyat (MW Arden) Argentina Facu Regalia (ART Grand Prix) United States Conor Daly (ART Grand Prix) France ART Grand Prix
2014 United Kingdom Alex Lynn (Carlin) United Kingdom Dean Stoneman (Koiranen GP)* Germany Marvin Kirchhöfer (ART Grand Prix) United Kingdom Carlin
2015 France Esteban Ocon (ART Grand Prix) Italy Luca Ghiotto (Trident) Germany Marvin Kirchhöfer (ART Grand Prix) France ART Grand Prix

*Stoneman started season with Marussia Manor Racing.

Drivers graduated to GP2[edit]

Driver GP3 GP2 Other major titles
Seasons Races Wins Podiums Seasons First team Races Wins Podiums
Mexico Gutiérrez, EstebanEsteban Gutiérrez 2010 16 5 9 2011–2012 Lotus ART 44 4 8
Norway Varhaug, PålPål Varhaug 2010 16 1 1 2011, 2013 DAMS 22 0 0
Monaco Coletti, StefanoStefano Coletti†‡ 2010 14 0 2 2009, 2011–2014 Durango 88 7 15
United Kingdom Jakes, JamesJames Jakes 2010 12 0 3 2009–2011 Super Nova Racing 2 0 0
United Kingdom Calado, JamesJames Calado 2011 16 1 6 2012–2013 Lotus ART 46 4 14
Indonesia Haryanto, RioRio Haryanto 2010–2011 32 3 7 2012–2014 DAMS 66 0 2
Netherlands Melker, NigelNigel Melker 2010–2011 32 1 5 2012 DAMS 23 0 0
Switzerland Trummer, SimonSimon Trummer 2010–2011 30 0 0 2012–2014 Arden 68 0 1
France Dillmann, TomTom Dillmann 2011 14 0 1 2012–2014 iSport International 43 1 4
United Kingdom Quaife-Hobbs, AdrianAdrian Quaife-Hobbs 2010–2011 31 1 3 2013–2014 MP Motorsport 40 1 4 Auto GP World Series
New Zealand Evans, MitchMitch Evans 2011–2012 32 4 8 2013–2014 Arden 44 2 10
Germany Abt, DanielDaniel Abt 2012 16 2 7 2013–2014 ART Grand Prix 42 0 0
Italy Ceccon, KevinKevin Ceccon 2012 16 0 1 2011, 2013 Trident Racing 19 0 1
United States Rossi, AlexanderAlexander Rossi 2010 16 2 5 2013–2015 Caterham Racing 53 4 11
United States Daly, ConorConor Daly 2011–2013 48 2 11 2013–2014 Hilmer Motorsport 20 0 0
Italy Ghirelli, VittorioVittorio Ghirelli 2010–2011 28 0 0 2013 Venezuela GP Lazarus 10 0 0 Auto GP
Argentina Regalia, FacuFacu Regalia 2012–2013 20 1 2 2014 Hilmer Motorsport 8 0 0
Cyprus Ellinas, TioTio Ellinas 2012–2013 32 3 4 2014 MP Motorsport 8 0 0
United Kingdom Lynn, AlexAlex Lynn 2014 18 3 8 2015 DAMS 0 0 0
Romania Vișoiu, RobertRobert Vișoiu 2012–2014 40 2 3 2015 Rapax 0 0 0
New Zealand Stanaway, RichieRichie Stanaway
United Kingdom Yelloly, NickNick Yelloly
United Kingdom Stoneman, DeanDean Stoneman
United Kingdom Mardenborough, JannJann Mardenborough
Switzerland Niederhauser, PatricPatric Niederhauser
Switzerland Amberg, ZoëlZoël Amberg

Notes:

  • Drivers are listed by their last year in GP3 Series. Usually they started in GP2 at the start of the following season.
  • Gold background denotes GP3 champion.
  • † Coletti had three GP2 starts in 2009 for Durango; his first GP2 team since driving in GP3 2010 was Trident Racing. Ceccon also had 8 starts in GP2 with Scuderia Coloni; he joined Trident Racing for 2013 after a year of GP3 in 2012.
  • ‡ Denotes drivers who raced in the now defunct GP2 Asia Series.
  • Gutiérrez, Calado, Dillmann, Coletti, Haryanto, Melker, Trummer and Ceccon all participated in the 2 race 2011 GP2 Final.
  • Jakes Raced in the 2008-2009, 2009-2010 and 2011 Asia Series along with 2 races in the 2010 Main GP2 series.
  • Also, António Félix da Costa and Alexander Rossi raced in the final (non-championship) round of the 2011 GP2 Series season at Yas Marina.

Drivers graduated to Formula One[edit]

Driver GP3 F1 Other major titles
Seasons Races Wins Podiums Seasons First team Races Wins Podiums
Finland Bottas, ValtteriValtteri Bottas 2011 16 4 7 2013-2016 Williams 65 0 9
Mexico Gutiérrez, EstebanEsteban Gutiérrez 2010 17 5 9 2013-2014, 2016 Sauber 46 0 0
Russia Kvyat, DaniilDaniil Kvyat 2013 14 2 4 2014-2016 STR 46 0 2
Spain Merhi, RobertoRoberto Merhi 2010 12 0 3 2015 Manor 14 0 0
United States Rossi, AlexanderAlexander Rossi 2010 14 2 5 2015 Manor 5 0 0
Spain Sainz, Jr., CarlosCarlos Sainz, Jr. 2013 16 0 2 2015-2016 STR 27 0 0 Formula Renault 3.5 Series
France Vergne, Jean-ÉricJean-Éric Vergne 2010 4 0 0 2012–2014 STR 58 0 0
Indonesia Haryanto, RioRio Haryanto 2010–2011 32 3 7 2016– Manor 8 0 0

Notes:

  • Gold background denotes GP3 champion.

Seasons[edit]

2010[edit]

Main article: 2010 GP3 Series

The 2010 GP3 Series was the inaugural season of the Series. The championship was contested over sixteen races held at eight rounds, beginning on May 8 at Circuit de Catalunya and ending on September 12 at Autodromo Nazionale Monza. The title was clinched by ART Grand Prix driver Esteban Gutiérrez at the final round by taking pole position, who won the championship 17 points clear of Robert Wickens in second, who was a further 18 points ahead of third place driver Nico Müller.

2011[edit]

Main article: 2011 GP3 Series

The season began at Istanbul Park on 7 May and concluded at Autodromo Nazionale Monza on 11 September after eight rounds made up of two races each and all in support of European Formula 1 Grands Prix. The title was claimed by Valtteri Bottas who was only 7 points ahead of his teammate James Calado in second, while Nigel Melker finished 17 points adrift in third. This was to be ART Grand Prix's second championship in as many seasons.

2012[edit]

Main article: 2012 GP3 Series

The season began on the 12th of May at Catalunya, Barcelona, and finished at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza on the 9th of September. It supported the entire European leg of the 2012 Formula One Season again and included the series first visit to Monte Carlo, Monaco.

Going into the final round of the season, 4 drivers were in with a chance of winning the championship, but ultimately a move on the penultimate lap gave Mitch Evans the title with 151.5 points, only beating Daniel Abt by just 2 points on 149.5 while António Félix da Costa finished off the top three with 132 points. The teams title was also won during the last round by Lotus GP, their third title in as many seasons.

2013[edit]

Main article: 2013 GP3 Series

The season began on the 11th of May at Catalunya, Barcelona, and finished at the Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi on the 3rd November. It followed most of the European leg of the 2013 Formula One season again other than Monte Carlo, Monaco and for the first time it hosted a non-European race at the last round in Abu Dhabi.

The title was clinched by Daniil Kvyat at the final round with 168 points, beating Facu Regalia by 30 points on 138 while Conor Daly finished off the top three with 126 points. The teams title was won by ART Grand Prix, their fourth title in as many seasons.

2014[edit]

Main article: 2014 GP3 Series

The season began on the 10th of May at Catalunya, Barcelona, and finished at the Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi on the 23rd November. It once again followed most of the European leg of the 2014 Formula One season other than Monte Carlo, Monaco and the only non-European race at the last round in Abu Dhabi.

The title was clinched by Alex Lynn at the final round with 207 points, beating Dean Stoneman by 44 points on 163 while Marvin Kirchhöfer finished off the top three with 161 points. For the first time, the teams title was won by Carlin, becoming the first team other than ART Grand Prix to take the teams title.

2015[edit]

Main article: 2015 GP3 Series

The season began on the 9th of May at Catalunya, Barcelona, and finished at the Yas Marina Circuit, Abu Dhabi on the 29th November. It was contested over 18 racess at 9 rounds. There were 9 teams with 3 cars each. Esteban Ocon won the title by 8 points despite winning only 1 race compared to second placed Luca Ghiotto winning 5 races. Ocon did however finish on the podium 14 times.

Television rights[edit]

The television rights are held by the Formula One Management, which also manages the rights to Formula One. In February 2012, it was announced that Sky Sports F1 had secured the broadcasting rights to the GP3 series and will broadcast every race live in the United Kingdom and Ireland for the 2012 season.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GP3 unveils new car and engine package for 2016 at Monza". autosport.com. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (2008-10-03). "GP2 organisers announce GP3 series". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  3. ^ "The Car". GP3 Series Website. Retrieved 2010. 
  4. ^ "GP3 Series announce new generation car". GP3 Series Website. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "GP3 unveils new car and engine package for 2016 at Monza". Autosport.com. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Rules and Regulations". GP3 Series Website. Retrieved 2012. 
  7. ^ "Sky Sports to show GP2 & GP3". 2012 BSkyB. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 

External links[edit]