GPR158

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
GPR158
Identifiers
AliasesGPR158, G protein-coupled receptor 158
External IDsMGI: 2441697 HomoloGene: 19381 GeneCards: GPR158
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 10 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 10 (human)[1]
Chromosome 10 (human)
Genomic location for GPR158
Genomic location for GPR158
Band10p12.1Start25,174,802 bp[1]
End25,602,226 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE GPR158 gnf1h10155 at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
SpeciesHumanMouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_020752

NM_001004761
NM_175706

RefSeq (protein)

NP_065803

NP_001004761

Location (UCSC)Chr 10: 25.17 – 25.6 MbChr 2: 21.37 – 21.83 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
Wikidata
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Probable G-protein coupled receptor 158 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPR158 gene.[5]

Function[edit]

This protein is an orphan class C GPCR. It is highly expressed in the brain, where it binds to RGS7, an inhibitor of Gi/o-coupled GPCR signaling, localizing it to the plasma membrane.[6]

It is expressed at lower levels in other organs and shows an unusual subcellular localization pattern, being found at both the plasma membrane and in the nucleus.[7]

Clinical significance[edit]

Role in mood regulation[edit]

GPR158 in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) has been shown to regulate stress-induced depression in a mouse model of depression and has been found to be upregulated in post-mortem tissue samples from humans with major depressive disorder (MDD).[8]

Role in prostate cancer[edit]

The GPR158 gene is an androgen-regulated gene that stimulates cell proliferation in prostate cancer cell lines, and it is linked to neuroendocrine differentiation.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000151025 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000045967 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:".
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:".
  5. ^ "Entrez Gene: GPR158 G protein-coupled receptor 158".
  6. ^ Orlandi C, Posokhova E, Masuho I, Ray TA, Hasan N, Gregg RG, Martemyanov KA (2012). "GPR158/179 regulate G protein signaling by controlling localization and activity of the RGS7 complexes". J. Cell Biol. 197 (6): 711–9. doi:10.1083/jcb.201202123. PMC 3373406. PMID 22689652.
  7. ^ Patel N, Itakura T, Gonzalez JM, Schwartz SG, Fini ME (2013). "GPR158, an orphan member of G protein-coupled receptor Family C: glucocorticoid-stimulated expression and novel nuclear role". PLoS ONE. 8 (2): e57843. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057843. PMC 3581496. PMID 23451275. open access publication – free to read
  8. ^ Sutton L, Orlandi C, Song C, Oh WC, Muntean BS, Xie K, Filippini A, Xie X, Satterfield R, Yaeger JD, Renner KJ, Young Jr SM, Xu B, Kwon H, Martemyanov KA (2018). "Orphan receptor GPR158 controls stress-induced depression". eLife. doi:10.7554/eLife.33273.001.
  9. ^ Patel N, Itakura T, Jeong S, Liao CP, Roy-Burman P, Zandi E, Groshen S, Pinski J, Coetzee GA, Gross ME, Fini ME (2015). "Expression and functional role of orphan receptor GPR158 in prostate cancer growth and progression". PLoS ONE. 10 (2): e0117758. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117758. PMC 4333349. PMID 25693195. open access publication – free to read