GRB 090429B

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GRB 090429B
Most distant Gamma-ray burst.jpg
Other designations GRB 090429B
Event type Gamma-ray burst Edit this on Wikidata
Date 29 April 2009 Edit this on Wikidata
Duration 5.5±0.1 second Edit this on Wikidata
Instrument Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission Edit this on Wikidata
Constellation Canes Venatici Edit this on Wikidata
Right ascension 14h 02m 40.10s
Declination +32° 10′ 14.6″
Total energy output 3.5 × 1052 erg
See also

GRB 090429B was a gamma-ray burst first detected on 29 April, 2009, by the Burst Alert Telescope aboard the Swift satellite. The burst triggered a standard burst-response observation sequence, which started at 106 s after the burst. The X-ray telescope aboard the satellite identified an uncatalogued fading source. No optical or UV counterpart was seen in the UV–optical telescope. Around 2.5 hours after the burst trigger, a series of observations was carried out from Gemini North, which detected a bright object in the infrared part of the spectrum. No evidence of a host galaxy was found either by Gemini North or by HST.[1] Though this burst was detected in 2009, it was not until May 2011 that its distance estimate was announced. The burst had a photometric redshift of z=9.4,[2] which would make it the most distant GRB known,[3] although the error bar on this estimate was large, providing a lower limit of z>7.[2]

The amount of energy, released in the burst, was estimated as 3.5 × 1052 erg. For a comparison, the Sun's luminosity is 3.8 × 1033 erg/s.

On 2009 April 29, a five-second-long burst of gamma rays from the constellation Canes Venatici triggered the Burst Alert Telescope on NASA's Swift satellite.

See also[edit]

GRB 090423, the most distant gamma-ray burst with spectroscopic confirmation


  1. ^ Cucchiara, A.; Levan, A. J.; Fox, D. B.; Tanvir, N. R.; Ukwatta, T. N.; Berger, E.; Krühler, T.; Yoldaş, A. Küpcü; Wu, X. F.; Toma, K.; Greiner, J.; E. Olivares, F.; Rowlinson, A.; Amati, L.; Sakamoto, T.; Roth, K.; Stephens, A.; Fritz, Alexander; Fynbo, J. P. U.; Hjorth, J.; Malesani, D.; Jakobsson, P.; Wiersema, K.; O'Brien, P. T.; Soderberg, A. M.; Foley, R. J.; Fruchter, A. S.; Rhoads, J.; Rutledge, R. E.; Schmidt, B. P.; Dopita, M. A.; Podsiadlowski, P.; Willingale, R.; Wolf, C.; Kulkarni, S. R.; D’Avanzo, P. (20 July 2011). "A PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFT OF ∼ 9.4 FOR GRB 090429B". The Astrophysical Journal. 736 (1): 7. arXiv:1105.4915Freely accessible. Bibcode:2011ApJ...736....7C. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/7. 
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ Space Daily, Explosion Helps Researcher Spot Universe's Most Distant Object, 27 May 2011