GWR 2301 Class

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

GWR 2301 'Dean Goods' Class
Hugh llewelyn 2516 (5567352139).jpg
2516 preserved as a static exhibit in the Swindon steam museum.
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
DesignerWilliam Dean
BuilderGWR Swindon Works
Order numberLots 61, 62, 63, 82, 87, 92, 99, 100, 104, 107, 108, 111
Build date1883–1899
Total produced260
Specifications
Configuration:
 • Whyte0-6-0
 • UICC
Gauge4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver dia.5 ft 2 in (1.575 m)
Loco weight36.8 long tons (37.4 t; 41.2 short tons)
Tender weight34.25 long tons (34.80 t; 38.36 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
BoilerGWR 2301[1]
Boiler pressure180 psi (1,241.06 kPa)
CylindersTwo, inside
Cylinder size17 in × 24 in (432 mm × 610 mm), 17+12 in × 24 in (444 mm × 610 mm) from 1908
Performance figures
Tractive effort17,120 lbf (76.15 kN) or 18,140 lbf (80.69 kN)
Career
OperatorsGWR, BR
Class2301
Power classUngrouped (17 in or 432 mm cyls, 150 psi or 1,000 kPa)
A (17+12 in or 444 mm cyls, 180 psi or 1,200 kPa)
Numbers2301–2360 and 2381–2580
Axle load classUncoloured
Withdrawn1929-1957
DispositionOne preserved, remainder scrapped

The Great Western Railway (GWR) 2301 Class or Dean Goods Class is a class of British 0-6-0 steam locomotives.

Swindon railway works built 260 of these goods locomotives between 1883 and 1899 to a design of William Dean. The 2301 class broke with previous GWR tradition in having inside frames only and changes were made in the boiler design during the period that they were being built. The first twenty engines were originally domeless though all were provided with domed boilers in due course. They were numbered 2301–2360 and 2381–2580 (2361–2380 were of the 2361 class, which were similar visually but had outside frames).

Construction[edit]

Table of orders and numbers[2]
Year Quantity Lot No. Works Nos. Locomotive numbers Notes
1883 20 61 946–965 2301–2320
1884 20 62 966–985 2321–2340
1884 20 63 986–1005 2341–2360
1890 20 82 1181–1200 2381–2400
1891–92 30 87 1271–1300 2401–2430
1893 20 92 1361–1380 2431–2450
1895–96 20 99 1453–1472 2451–2470
1896 20 100 1473–1492 2471–2490
1896 20 104 1511–1530 2491–2510 Rebuilt as 2-6-2T locomotives in 1907
1897 20 107 1552–1571 2511–2530
1897 20 108 1572–1591 2531–2550
1897–99 30 111 1632–1661 2551–2580

Rebuild as 3901 class[edit]

In 1907, twenty Dean Goods (numbers 2491-2510) were rebuilt as 2-6-2T 'Prairie' tank locos, forming the new 3901 class numbers 3901-3920.[3]

War Service[edit]

In 1917, 62 engines were taken over by the Railway Operating Division and sent to France. 46 of these engines returned to England in the early summer of 1919, but the other 16 had been sent on to Salonika at the beginning of 1918. Two of these engines, nos 2308 and 2542, were sold to the Ottoman railways and renumbered 110 and 111. No 111 was withdrawn in September 1929, but 110 lasted until the 1950s. Of the 14 engines remaining at Salonika, five were written-off and the other nine returned to England in April 1921.[1]

At the outbreak of the Second World War, the War Department requisitioned 100 of these engines from the GWR and the GWR had to hastily reinstate some engines that had been recently withdrawn. The requisitioned engines were fitted with Westinghouse brakes and 10 were fitted with pannier tanks and condensing gear. All were painted black with their WD numbers painted on. In December 1940, the War Department requisitioned a further 8 engines. The War Department renumbered the locomotives 93 to 200.

At the time of the German invasion of France, 79 of these engines had been shipped to France. Some of the engines were destroyed in the retreat to Dunkirk whilst the remainder were used on the French railways by the German occupation forces. After the war, between 22 and 26 engines were sent to China under UNRRA auspices, and 30 were returned to the UK, but were deemed unfit for service and scrapped. No.2435 (WD no.188) was sent to France in 1940[4] and was used in Silesia and then in Austria between 1944 and 1948 when it was claimed by the Russians before being handed back to the Austrians in 1952. Two further engines, nos. 2419 and 2526 (WD nos. 106 and 132). One locomotive, no.2489 (WD no.142), was in eastern Germany at the end of the War and was taken into Deutsche Reichsbahn (East Germany) stock as 53 7607; it was withdrawn in 1955.[5] The remaining engines are assumed to have been scrapped.

Of the engines that remained in England, most of them worked at War Department and Ordnance depots around the country, though in 1943, 6 were shipped to Tunisia and thence to Italy.

Some locomotives of the class have the unusual distinction of being shipped overseas in both World Wars. 32 of the 108 locomotives requisitioned during the Second World War had been previously requisitioned during the First World War, and of those 32, 24 were again sent overseas.[6]

British Railways[edit]

No. 2483 at Llanidloes station 1949

Fifty-four locomotives passed to British Railways in 1948, mostly being used on Welsh branch lines due to their light axle loads. They were progressively replaced by new BR standard class 2 2-6-0 engines, and no 2538 was the last to be withdrawn in May 1957.

Preservation[edit]

The backhead of preserved 2516

One locomotive, no. 2516 (built 1897), has survived into preservation. 2516 is currently a static exhibit at Swindon Steam Railway Museum, with the tender displayed far behind; visitors consequently have a clear view into the driving cab (see pictures).

Models[edit]

Three companies have released models of the Dean Goods class:

Oxford Rail in 2017 in Great Western (no 2475 & 2534), RoD Khaki (no 2308) and British Railways Black (no 2409) liveries.[7]

Mainline Model Railways made a Dean Goods class in GWR Green (no 2516) and BR black (no 2538) in 1983.

Hornby Model Railways have released R2064/A/B/C (nos 2468, 2322, 2526, 2579), R2210 (no 2579) and R2275/A (nos 2322 & 2538) [8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Champ, Jim (2018). An Introduction to Great Western Locomotive Development. Barnsley: Pen & Sword Transport. p. 319. ISBN 978-1-4738-7784-9. OCLC 1029234106. OL 26953051M.
  2. ^ Allcock et al. (1968), pp. 26–28.
  3. ^ Haresnape (1976), pp. 102–103.
  4. ^ Riley, R.C. (1966). Great Western Album. Shepperton: Ian Allen. p. 91. SBN 7110-0073-5.
  5. ^ Hütter (2012), p. 444.
  6. ^ Pigott (2014), pp. 58–59.
  7. ^ "Dean Goods, Mk 3s and new wagons from Oxford | Hornby Magazine". www.hornbymagazine.com. Archived from the original on 20 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Locomotives | Scale Models | Model Rail Database".

Sources[edit]

  • Allcock, N. J.; Davies, F. K.; le Fleming, H. M.; Maskelyne, J. N.; Reed, P. J. T.; Tabor, F. J. (1968) [1951]. White, D. E. (ed.). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part one: Preliminary Survey. Kenilworth: RCTS.
  • Haresnape, Brian (1976). Churchward locomotives : a pictorial history. London: I. Allan. ISBN 0711006970.
  • Hütter, Ingo (2012). Die Dampflokomotiven der Baureihen 50 bis 53 der DRG, DRB, DB, und DR (in German). Werl: DGEG Medien. ISBN 978-3-937189-63-5.
  • Tabor, F.J. (February 1956). White, D.E. (ed.). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part four: Six-wheeled Tender Engines. Kenilworth: RCTS.
  • Sterndale, A.C.; Parker, L.T.; Smith, C.; Reed, P.J.T.; Tabor, F.J.; Davies, F.K.; Allcock, N.J.; Lucking, J.H. (May 1974). White, D.E. (ed.). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part twelve: A Chronological and Statistical Survey. Kenilworth: RCTS.
  • Davies, F.K.; White, D.E. (December 1983). White, D.E. (ed.). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part thirteen: Preservation and Supplementary Information. RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-60-6.
  • Davies, Ken (April 1993). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part fourteen: Names and their Origins - Railmotor Services - War Service - The Complete Preservation Story. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-75-4.
  • Allan, Ian (February 1950). Allan, Ian (ed.). British Railway Locomotives 1948-1950. Ian Allan Ltd. ISBN 07110-0401-3.
  • Pigott, Nick (2 July 2014). "The Engines that won the War". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 160, no. 1, 360. Horncastle, Lincs, UK: Mortons Media. ISSN 0033-8923.

External links[edit]