GWR 5400 Class

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GWR 5400 Class
Old Oak Common Locomotive Depot auto-fitted 0-6-0 Pannier tank geograph-2951270-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
A 5400 Class locomotive at Old Oak Common TMD
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer Charles Collett
Builder GWR Swindon Works
Build date 1930–32, 1935[1]
Total produced 25[1]
Specifications
Configuration 0-6-0PT
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver diameter 5 ft 2 in (1.575 m)[1]
Minimum curve
  • 4 chains (260 ft; 80 m) normal
  • 3.5 chains (230 ft; 70 m) slow[2]
Wheelbase 14 ft 8 in (4.47 m)[3]
Length Over buffers: 31 ft 1 in (9.47 m)[4]
Width 8 ft 7 in (2.62 m)[4]
Height 12 ft 6 316 in (3.815 m)[4]
Frame
  • Type: Inside
  • Length: 26 ft 5 in (8.05 m)[4]
Weight on drivers 15 long tons 12 cwt (34,900 lb or 15.9 t)[3]
Locomotive weight 46 long tons 12 cwt (104,400 lb or 47.3 t) full[3]
Fuel type Coal
Fuel capacity 3 long tons 4 cwt (7,200 lb or 3.3 t)[3]
Water capacity 1,100 imp gal (5,000 l; 1,300 US gal)[3]
Boiler
  • Barrel: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
  • Outside diameter: 4 ft 3 in (1.30 m) & 4 ft 2 18 in (1.273 m)
  • Pitch: 7 ft 0 in (2.13 m)[3]
Boiler pressure 165 psi (1.14 MPa)[1]
Firegrate area 16.76 sq ft (1.557 m2)[3]
Heating surface:
– Tubes
1,004.2 sq ft (93.29 m2)[3]
– Firebox 81.8 sq ft (7.60 m2)[3]
– Total 1,086.0 sq ft (100.89 m2)[3]
Cylinders two inside
Cylinder size 16 12 in × 24 in (420 mm × 610 mm)[3]
Performance figures
Tractive effort 14,780 lbf (65.7 kN)[3]
Train heating Steam from locomotive boiler
Locomotive brake steam
Train brakes vacuum
Safety systems ATC[3]
Career
Power class
Number(s) 5400–24[3]
Axle load class GWR: Yellow[3]
Withdrawn 1956–63[5]
Disposition All scrapped

The Great Western Railway (GWR) 5400 Class is a class of 0-6-0 pannier tank steam locomotive. They were similar in appearance to many other GWR tank engines but smaller than the ubiquitous GWR 5700 Class.

The nominally Collett-designed 5400 Class had 5 ft 2 in (1.575 m) driving wheels for greater top speed with autocoaches, and were all fitted with the required remote control gear for working the push-pull autotrains. They had a modern cab and a larger bunker. They were frequently seen on inner suburban routes from Paddington.

History[edit]

The 5400 class was related to the 2021 class saddle tank, designed by William Dean and built at Wolverhampton railway works. This was a light compact design with 4 ft 1 12 in (1.257 m) wheels, itself derived from the smaller Armstrong GWR 850 Class dating from 1874.

The class pioneer was not a new engine at all, rather it was a 1930 rebuild of 2021 tank 2080. It merely had substitute larger wheels and splashers and a larger bunker, whereas the new locos built from 1931 onwards had the rounded-edge cab as well. This cab style was to be fitted to all subsequent GWR pannier tank designs including the later derivations of the 5700 Class.

Despite its success, the prototype had a short life as number 5400, lasting only two years before scrapping. It was replaced with an all-new engine with the same number. 25 locomotives were built and they were numbered 5400-5424.

Withdrawal and mileages[edit]

Withdrawal from service with BR started in 1957 and was completed in 1963.[5]

Withdrawal of 5400s from BR
Year 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963
Numbers 1 7 3 5 3 1 2 3

le Fleming noted that the mileages of those withdrawn between February 1957 and February 1958 were "from 671,000 to 775,000".[3]

GWR 6400 and 7400 classes[edit]

6400 Class locomotive 6424 at Kidderminster in 1963

The GWR 6400 Class and 7400 Class that followed were closely related, fundamentally differing only in wheel size – 4 ft 7 12 in (1.410 m) – and, in the case of the 74xx, a higher boiler pressure of 180 psi (1.2 MPa). This produced two general purpose classes with wide route availability. The 6400 was auto-fitted but more suitable for hilly routes than the 5400. The 7400 was not auto-fitted.

See also[edit]

  • GWR 0-6-0PTlist of classes of GWR 0-6-0 pannier tank, including table of preserved locomotives

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d le Fleming 1958, p. E83.
  2. ^ le Fleming 1958, p. E77.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q le Fleming 1958, p. E84.
  4. ^ a b c d Whitehurst 1973, p. 156.
  5. ^ a b Whitehurst 1973, p. 49.

Sources[edit]

  • le Fleming, H.M. (April 1958). Part 5: Six-coupled Tank Engines. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway. Oxford: RCTS. ISBN 0-901115-35-5. 
  • Whitehurst, Brian (1973). Great Western engines, names, numbers, types, classes: 1940 to preservation. Oxford: Oxford Publishing Company. ISBN 0-902888-21-8. OCLC 815661. 

External links[edit]

5400 Class
General