GWR 645 Class

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GWR 645 Class
Wrexham Croes Newydd Depot geograph-2565549-by-Ben-Brooksbank.jpg
No. 1532 at Croes Newydd Depot, 1947. This was built as a standard saddle-tank in 1879, and acquired its panniers in 1921
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Designer George Armstrong
Builder GWR Wolverhampton Works
Build date 1872-1881
Total produced 108
Configuration 0-6-0ST
Gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter 4 ft 6 in (1.37 m)
see text for variations
Fuel type coal
Cylinders two
Cylinder size 16 in × 24 in (410 mm × 610 mm)
see text for variations
Operators South Wales Mineral Railway
Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway
Great Western Railway
Disposition All scrapped

The GWR 645 Class was a class of 0-6-0 saddle tank locomotives designed by George Armstrong and built at the Wolverhampton railway works of the Great Western Railway (GWR).[1] Thirty-six were constructed between 1872-3, of which three were built for the South Wales Mineral Railway (SWMR), two for the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway (C&CR) and the remainder for the GWR.[2] In essence they were saddle tank versions of his GWR 633 Class of 1871.[1] From 1878 a further 72 of the class, partially enlarged, were added in the 1501 numbering sequence. Unlike the originals, the "1501"s had full-length saddle tanks from the start.


The whole class was delivered in nine lots, as follows:

  • 645-655, plus one (Lot O, 1872)
  • 656, 757-763, plus four (Lot P, 1872-3)
  • 764-775 (Lot Q, 1873)
  • 1501-1512 (Lot A2, 1878)
  • 1513-1524 (Lot B2, 1878-9)
  • 1525-1536 (Lot D2, 1879)
  • 1537-1548 (Lot E2, 1879-80)
  • 1549-60 (Lot F2, 1880)
  • 1801-1812 (Lot G2, 1881)

Three of the un-numbered engines plus No. 767 were sold to the SWMR, and the other two plus No.655 to the C&CR. The latter three returned to the GWR in 1881, becoming Nos. 902-904.


When built, they had 4' 6" driving wheels (later 4' 7½" due to thicker tyres) and 16", 16½" or 17" x 24" cylinders. Half-cabs were added a few years after construction. From 1918 all but eight of the class were rebuilt with Belpaire fireboxes and larger, pannier tanks extending over the smokebox, and the 17" diameter cylinders became standard.


Most of the 645s and 1501s were allocated to the Northern Division of the GWR. Between 1910 and 1922 three more of them, Nos. 1806, 1811 and 1546, were transferred to the SWMR, and others too went to South Wales. Most were withdrawn in 1930s. Nos. 1531, 1532, 1538 and 1542 passed briefly into British Railways ownership, but all went by December 1949. None has survived into preservation.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Holcroft 1971, p. 36.
  2. ^ le Fleming 1958, pp. E35-E40.


  • Holcroft, Harold (1971) [1957]. An Outline of Great Western Locomotive Practice 1837-1947. Shepperton: Ian Allan. ISBN 0-7110-0228-2. 
  • le Fleming, H.M. (April 1958). White, D.E., ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part five: Six-coupled Tank Engines. RCTS.