Ga (Javanese)

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For a more general overview encompassing other Indic scripts, see Ga (Indic)
Aksara nglegena Aksara pasangan
Javanese script
Latin orthography ga
Phoneme [g]
Unicode U+A992

is one of syllable in Javanese script that represent the sound /ɡɔ/, /ɡa/. It is transliterated to Latin as "ga", and sometimes in Indonesian orthography as "go". It has another form (pasangan), which is ◌꧀ꦒ, but represented by a single Unicode code point, U+A992.[1][2][3]


It's pasangan form ◌꧀ꦒ, is located on the bottom side of the previous syllable. For example, ꦲꦤꦏ꧀ꦒꦗꦃ - anak gajah (little elephant).

Extended form[edit]

The letter ꦒ has a murda form, which is .

Using cecak telu (ꦒ꦳), the syllable represents /gh/.


Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
 ga ꦒꦃ gah ꦒꦁ gang ꦒꦂ gar ◌꧀ꦒ -ga ◌꧀ꦒꦃ -gah ◌꧀ꦒꦁ -gang ◌꧀ꦒꦂ -gar
ꦒꦺ ge ꦒꦺꦃ geh ꦒꦺꦁ geng ꦒꦺꦂ ger ◌꧀ꦒꦺ -ge ◌꧀ꦒꦺꦃ -geh ◌꧀ꦒꦺꦁ -geng ◌꧀ꦒꦺꦂ -ger
ꦒꦼ gê ꦒꦼꦃ gêh ꦒꦼꦁ gêng ꦒꦼꦂ gêr ◌꧀ꦒꦼ -gê ◌꧀ꦒꦼꦃ -gêh ◌꧀ꦒꦼꦁ -gêng ◌꧀ꦒꦼꦂ -gêr
ꦒꦶ gi ꦒꦶꦃ gih ꦒꦶꦁ ging ꦒꦶꦂ gir ◌꧀ꦒꦶ -gi ◌꧀ꦒꦶꦃ -gih ◌꧀ꦒꦶꦁ -ging ◌꧀ꦒꦶꦂ -gir
ꦒꦺꦴ go ꦒꦺꦴꦃ goh ꦒꦺꦴꦁ gong ꦒꦺꦴꦂ gor ◌꧀ꦒꦺꦴ -go ◌꧀ꦒꦺꦴꦃ -goh ◌꧀ꦒꦺꦴꦁ -gong ◌꧀ꦒꦺꦴꦂ -gor
ꦒꦸ gu ꦒꦸꦃ guh ꦒꦸꦁ gung ꦒꦸꦂ gur ◌꧀ꦒꦸ -gu ◌꧀ꦒꦸꦃ -guh ◌꧀ꦒꦸꦁ -gung ◌꧀ꦒꦸꦂ -gur
ꦒꦿ gra ꦒꦿꦃ grah ꦒꦿꦁ grang ꦒꦿꦂ grar ◌꧀ꦒꦿ -gra ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦃ -grah ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦁ -grang ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦂ -grar
ꦒꦿꦺ gre ꦒꦿꦺꦃ greh ꦒꦿꦺꦁ greng ꦒꦿꦺꦂ grer ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺ -gre ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺꦃ -greh ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺꦁ -greng ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺꦂ -grer
ꦒꦽ grê ꦒꦽꦃ grêh ꦒꦽꦁ grêng ꦒꦽꦂ grêr ◌꧀ꦒꦽ -grê ◌꧀ꦒꦽꦃ -grêh ◌꧀ꦒꦽꦁ -grêng ◌꧀ꦒꦽꦂ -grêr
ꦒꦿꦶ gri ꦒꦿꦶꦃ grih ꦒꦿꦶꦁ gring ꦒꦿꦶꦂ grir ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦶ -gri ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦶꦃ -grih ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦶꦁ -gring ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦶꦂ -grir
ꦒꦿꦺꦴ gro ꦒꦿꦺꦴꦃ groh ꦒꦿꦺꦴꦁ grong ꦒꦿꦺꦴꦂ gror ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺꦴ -gro ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺꦴꦃ -groh ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺꦴꦁ -grong ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦺꦴꦂ -gror
ꦒꦿꦸ gru ꦒꦿꦸꦃ gruh ꦒꦿꦸꦁ grung ꦒꦿꦸꦂ grur ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦸ -gru ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦸꦃ -gruh ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦸꦁ -grung ◌꧀ꦒꦿꦸꦂ -grur
ꦒꦾ gya ꦒꦾꦃ gyah ꦒꦾꦁ gyang ꦒꦾꦂ gyar ◌꧀ꦒꦾ -gya ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦃ -gyah ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦁ -gyang ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦂ -gyar
ꦒꦾꦺ gye ꦒꦾꦺꦃ gyeh ꦒꦾꦺꦁ gyeng ꦒꦾꦺꦂ gyer ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺ -gye ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺꦃ -gyeh ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺꦁ -gyeng ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺꦂ -gyer
ꦒꦾꦼ gyê ꦒꦾꦼꦃ gyêh ꦒꦾꦼꦁ gyêng ꦒꦾꦼꦂ gyêr ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦼ -gyê ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦼꦃ -gyêh ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦼꦁ -gyêng ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦼꦂ -gyêr
ꦒꦾꦶ gyi ꦒꦾꦶꦃ gyih ꦒꦾꦶꦁ gying ꦒꦾꦶꦂ gyir ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦶ -gyi ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦶꦃ -gyih ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦶꦁ -gying ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦶꦂ -gyir
ꦒꦾꦺꦴ gyo ꦒꦾꦺꦴꦃ gyoh ꦒꦾꦺꦴꦁ gyong ꦒꦾꦺꦴꦂ gyor ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺꦴ -gyo ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺꦴꦃ -gyoh ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺꦴꦁ -gyong ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦺꦴꦂ -gyor
ꦒꦾꦸ gyu ꦒꦾꦸꦃ gyuh ꦒꦾꦸꦁ gyung ꦒꦾꦸꦂ gyur ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦸ -gyu ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦸꦃ -gyuh ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦸꦁ -gyung ◌꧀ꦒꦾꦸꦂ -gyur
Other forms
Nglegena forms Pasangan forms
ꦒ꦳ gha ꦒ꦳ꦃ ghah ꦒ꦳ꦁ ghang ꦒ꦳ꦂ ghar ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ -gha ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦃ -ghah ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦁ -ghang ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦂ -ghar
ꦒ꦳ꦺ ghe ꦒ꦳ꦺꦃ gheh ꦒ꦳ꦺꦁ gheng ꦒ꦳ꦺꦂ gher ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺ -ghe ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺꦃ -gheh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺꦁ -gheng ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺꦂ -gher
ꦒ꦳ꦼ ghê ꦒ꦳ꦼꦃ ghêh ꦒ꦳ꦼꦁ ghêng ꦒ꦳ꦼꦂ ghêr ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦼ -ghê ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦼꦃ -ghêh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦼꦁ -ghêng ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦼꦂ -ghêr
ꦒ꦳ꦶ ghi ꦒ꦳ꦶꦃ ghih ꦒ꦳ꦶꦁ ghing ꦒ꦳ꦶꦂ ghir ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦶ -ghi ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦶꦃ -ghih ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦶꦁ -ghing ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦶꦂ -ghir
ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴ gho ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴꦃ ghoh ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴꦁ ghong ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴꦂ ghor ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴ -gho ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴꦃ -ghoh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴꦁ -ghong ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦺꦴꦂ -ghor
ꦒ꦳ꦸ ghu ꦒ꦳ꦸꦃ ghuh ꦒ꦳ꦸꦁ ghung ꦒ꦳ꦸꦂ ghur ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦸ -ghu ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦸꦃ -ghuh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦸꦁ -ghung ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦸꦂ -ghur
ꦒ꦳ꦿ ghra ꦒ꦳ꦿꦃ ghrah ꦒ꦳ꦿꦁ ghrang ꦒ꦳ꦿꦂ ghrar ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿ -ghra ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦃ -ghrah ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦁ -ghrang ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦂ -ghrar
ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺ ghre ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦃ ghreh ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦁ ghreng ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦂ ghrer ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺ -ghre ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦃ -ghreh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦁ -ghreng ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦂ -ghrer
ꦒ꦳ꦽ ghrê ꦒ꦳ꦽꦃ ghrêh ꦒ꦳ꦽꦁ ghrêng ꦒ꦳ꦽꦂ ghrêr ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦽ -ghrê ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦽꦃ -ghrêh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦽꦁ -ghrêng ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦽꦂ -ghrêr
ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶ ghri ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶꦃ ghrih ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶꦁ ghring ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶꦂ ghrir ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶ -ghri ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶꦃ -ghrih ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶꦁ -ghring ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦶꦂ -ghrir
ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴ ghro ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦃ ghroh ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦁ ghrong ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦂ ghror ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴ -ghro ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦃ -ghroh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦁ -ghrong ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦺꦴꦂ -ghror
ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸ ghru ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸꦃ ghruh ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸꦁ ghrung ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸꦂ ghrur ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸ -ghru ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸꦃ -ghruh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸꦁ -ghrung ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦿꦸꦂ -ghrur
ꦒ꦳ꦾ ghya ꦒ꦳ꦾꦃ ghyah ꦒ꦳ꦾꦁ ghyang ꦒ꦳ꦾꦂ ghyar ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾ -ghya ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦃ -ghyah ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦁ -ghyang ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦂ -ghyar
ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺ ghye ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦃ ghyeh ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦁ ghyeng ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦂ ghyer ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺ -ghye ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦃ -ghyeh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦁ -ghyeng ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦂ -ghyer
ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼ ghyê ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼꦃ ghyêh ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼꦁ ghyêng ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼꦂ ghyêr ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼ -ghyê ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼꦃ -ghyêh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼꦁ -ghyêng ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦼꦂ -ghyêr
ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶ ghyi ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶꦃ ghyih ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶꦁ ghying ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶꦂ ghyir ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶ -ghyi ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶꦃ -ghyih ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶꦁ -ghying ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦶꦂ -ghyir
ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴ ghyo ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦃ ghyoh ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦁ ghyong ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦂ ghyor ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴ -ghyo ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦃ -ghyoh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦁ -ghyong ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦺꦴꦂ -ghyor
ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸ ghyu ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸꦃ ghyuh ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸꦁ ghyung ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸꦂ ghyur ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸ -ghyu ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸꦃ -ghyuh ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸꦁ -ghyung ◌꧀ꦒ꦳ꦾꦸꦂ -ghyur

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Campbell, George L. Compendium of the World's Languages. Vol. 1. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  2. ^ Soemarmo, Marmo. "Javanese Script." Ohio Working Papers in Linguistics and Language Teaching 14.Winter (1995): 69-103.
  3. ^ Daniels, Peter T and William Bright. The World's Writing Systems. Ed. Peter T Daniels and William Bright. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
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U+A9Bx ꦿ
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2.^ Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points