Gabès Governorate

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Gabès

ڨابس

Gabis
Coat of arms of Gabès
Coat of arms
Map of Tunisia with Gabès highlighted
Map of Tunisia with Gabès highlighted
Coordinates: 33°53′N 10°07′E / 33.883°N 10.117°E / 33.883; 10.117Coordinates: 33°53′N 10°07′E / 33.883°N 10.117°E / 33.883; 10.117
CountryTunisia
CreatedJune 21, 1956[1]
CapitalGabès
Government
 • GovernorAbdelkarim Mesbah (DCR)
Area
 • Total7,166 km2 (2,767 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 8th of 24
Population
(2014)
 • Total374,300
 • RankRanked 16th of 24
 • Density52/km2 (140/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Gabesian
(Arabic: قابسي, Gabsi‎)
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
Postal prefix
60xx
Calling code75-2/75-3
ISO 3166 codeTN-81

Gabès Governorate (Tunisian Arabic: ولاية ڨابسWilāyat Gābis) is one of the 24 governorates of Tunisia and in south-eastern Tunisia. It covers an area of 7166 km²[1] and had a population of 374,300 as at the 2014 census.[2][3] The capital is Gabès.

Geography[edit]

The governorate of Gabès is in southeast Tunisia on the coast of the Gulf of Gabès, 376 km south of the capital, Tunis.

Gabès has a hot Mediterranean climate. Gabès offers five contrasting landscapes: the beach, the mountains, the desert, small forest, oasis. It contains the eastern end of Chott el Fejej.

The coast is approximately half of that of the large bay. The gulf has several alternative names dating to antiquity and to an etymological association with onshore winds and sandbanks making navigation difficult, including Lesser Syrtis (see Gulf of Sidra which takes in also the mainly Libyan portion of the continental gulf).

Administrative divisions[edit]

Administratively, the governorate is divided into ten delegations (mutamadiyat), ten municipalities, nine rural councils, and 73 sectors (imadas).[1] The delegations and their populations from the 2004 and 2014 censuses,[2] are listed below:

Delegation Population in 2004 Population in 2014
El Hamma 62,390 73,512
El Metouia 25,862 27,878
Gabes Medina 47,057 46,731
Gabes Ouest 28,389 31,768
Gabes Sud 61,699 74,422
Ghannouch 22,681 28,051
Menzel El Habib 11,477 10,148
Mareth 61,340 63,122
Matmata 5,766 4,444
Nouvelle Matmata 15,969 14,224

Ten municipalities are in Gabès Governorate:

| 5111 || Gabès || align=right | 130,984 |- | 5112 || Chenini Nahal || align=right | 14,803 |- | 5113 || Ghannouch || align=right | 28,051 |- | 5114 || Métouia || align=right | 10,716 |- | 5115 || Oudhref || align=right | 9,932 |- | 5116 || El Hamma || align=right | 41,607 |- | 5117 || Matmata || align=right | 1,847 |- | 5118 || Nouvelle Matmata || align=right | 7,526 |- | 5119 || Mareth || align=right | 11,678 |- | 5120 || Zarat || align=right | 5,627

Tourism[edit]

Matmata is a Berber-speaking town largely of underground homes conserved with a community-based pre-industrialized lifestyle. The south-centre of the Wilāyat has semi-desert mountains and natural features nearby include splendid oases and caves. Eclectic souqs feature in the main municipalities, with traditional wood, stone, metal and textile products.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (in French) "tunisieindustrie.nat.tn". Archived from the original on 2014-12-19.
  2. ^ a b "2014 Tunisian census data". Archived from the original on 2015-05-18.
  3. ^ (in French) Census 2014 (National Institute of Statistics) Archived 2014-10-29 at the Wayback Machine.