Gabbiano-class corvette

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Корвет Gabbiano.jpg
Class overview
Name: Gabbiano
Operators:
Built: 1942–1943
In commission: 1942–1972
Planned: 60
Completed: 49
Retired: 14
General characteristics [1]
Type: Corvette
Displacement:
  • 660 long tons (670 t) standard
  • 728 long tons (740 t) full load
Length: 58.8 m (192 ft 11 in)
Beam: 8.71 m (28 ft 7 in)
Draught: 2.53 m (8 ft 4 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shaft Diesel
  • 3,500 bhp (2,600 kW)
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
Range: 3,000 nmi (5,600 km; 3,500 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 110
Sensors and
processing systems:
Sonar and hydrophones
Armament:
  • 1 × 100 mm (3.9 in)
  • 7 × 20 mm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft guns
  • 2 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
  • 10 × depth charge throwers

The Gabbiano-class corvettes were a group of 59 vessels built for the Regia Marina of Italy for service during the Second World War. They were built to a war-time design and intended for anti-submarine and escort duties.

Design[edit]

The Gabbianos were designed to be built quickly and in large numbers and began to enter service in May 1942. The ships were fitted with sonar and hydrophones, but the Regia Marina did not consider removing features such as torpedo tubes to reduce topweight or allow the vessels to carry more anti-submarine weapons.[2] These ships were equipped with electric 'creep' motors with an endurance of 16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi) at 6 knots (11 km/h; 6.9 mph) for silent running while engaged in anti-submarine searches,[3] Overall, they were well-designed for operations in the Mediterranean and successful in their role.

Service[edit]

Sixty vessels were ordered, and 29 were completed by September 1943. The Germans seized many of these vessels after the Italian surrender in 1943, and operated them under new names until the end of the war. The Germans also completed 20 vessels under construction. Fourteen vessels survived the war; the postwar Marina Militare used them as patrol vessels until 1972.

Two corvettes played important parts in Italian history: Persefone brought Mussolini, under arrest after 25 July 1943, from Gaeta to Ponza, while a short time later on 9 September 1943 Baionetta carried the royal family and the Italian government with Marshall Badoglio from Pescara to Brindisi during their escape from Rome after the armistice.

Ships[edit]

Ship Hull
no.[4]
Builder Launched Operational history
Alce C 23 OTO, Livorno 27 May 1942 Completed as UJ-6084
Antilope C 19 OTO, Livorno 9 May 1942 German UJ-6082
Ape C 25 Navalmeccanica 22 November 1942
Ardea C 54 Ansaldo, Genoa UJ-2225; not completed
Artimede C 39 CRDA, Monfalcone 9 August 1942 German UJ-2226
Baionetta C 34 Breda 5 October 1942
Berenice C 66 CRDA, Monfalcone 20 May 1943 Sunk, 9 September 1943
Bombarda C 38 Breda 31 August 1942 Completed as UJ-206
Calabrone C 30 Navalmeccanica 27 June 1943 German; not renamed
Camoscio C 21 OTO, Livorno 9 May 1942 German UJ-6081; Sunk 15 August 1944
Capriolo C 22 OTO, Livorno 5 December 1942 Completed as UJ-6083
Carabina C 37 Breda 31 August 1943 Completed as UJ-207
Cavalletta C 31 Navalmeccanica 3 December 1942 German; broken up
Cervo C 56 OTO, Livorno UJ-6086; not completed
Chimera C 48 CRDA, Trieste 30 January 1943
Cicala C 29 Navalmeccanica 27 June 1943 German; not renamed
Clava C 63 Breda German; broken up
Cicogna C 15 Ansaldo, Genoa 12 October 1942 Bombed 24 July 1943; scuttled
Cocciniglia C 61 Navalmeccanica
Colubrina C 35 Breda 7 December 1942 Completed as Uj205
Cormorano C 13 Cerusa 20 September 1942 Sank or destroyed at least three hostile German small vessels on 9 September 1943 off Bastia, Corsica. Decommissioned in 1966
Crisalide C 58 Navalmeccanica
Danaide C 44 CRDA, Trieste 21 October 1942
Daino C 55 OTO, Livorno UJ-6087; not completed
Driade C 43 CRDA, Trieste 7 October 1942
Egeria C 67 CRDA, Monfalcone Scuttled September 1943
Euridice C 70 CRDA, Monfalcone UJ-204; not completed
Euterpe C 41 CRDA, Monfalcone 22 October 1942 Along with sister ship Minerva sank British submarine P247 on 14 August 1943. Scuttled September 1943.
Farfalla C 59 Navalmeccanica
Fenice C 50 CRDA, Trieste 1 March 1943
Flora C 46 CRDA, Trieste 1 December 1942
Folaga C 16 Ansaldo, Genoa 14 November 1942
Gabbiano C 11 Cerusa 23 June 1942 Assisted torpedo boat Climene in the chase and sinking of HMS Sahib on 24 April 1943.
Gazzella C 20 OTO, Livorno 9 May 1942
Grillo C 28 Navalmeccanica 21 March 1943 German; not renamed
Gru C 18 Ansaldo, Genoa 23 December 1942
Ibis C 17 Ansaldo, Genoa 12 December 1942
Libellula C 32 Navalmeccanica German; broken up
Lucciola C 27 Navalmeccanica 21 March 1943
Marangone C 52 Ansaldo, Genoa 16 September 1943 Completed as UJ-2223
Maggiolino C 60 Navalmeccanica
Melpomene C 68 CRDA, Monfalcone 29 August 1943 Completed as UJ-202
Minerva C 42 CRDA, Monfalcone 5 November 1942 Along with sister ship Euterpe sank British submarine HMS Saracen on 14 August 1943. Decommissioned in 1970
Pellicano C 14 Cerusa 12 February 1943
Persefone C 40 CRDA, Monfalcone 21 September 1942 Scuttled September 1943
Pomona C 45 CRDA, Trieste 18 November 1942
Procellaria C 12 Cerusa 4 September 1942
Renna C 24 OTO, Livorno 5 December 1942 Completed as UJ-6085
Scure C 62 Breda UJ-209; not completed
Scimitarra C 33 Breda 16 September 1942
Sfinge C 47 CRDA, Trieste 9 January 1943
Sibilla C 49 CRDA, Trieste 10 March 1943
Spingarda C 36 Breda 22 March 1943 Completed as UJ-208
Stambecco C 57 OTO, Livorno UJ-6088; not completed
Strolaga C 53 Ansaldo, Genoa UJ-2224; not completed
Tuffetto C 51 Ansaldo, Genoa 25 August 1943 Completed as UJ-2222
Tersicore C 69 CRDA, Monfalcone UJ-203; not completed
Urania C 65 CRDA, Monfalcone 21 April 1943
Vespa C 26 Navalmeccanica 22 November 1942 German UJ-2221
Zagaglia C 64 Breda

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Conway p316-317
  2. ^ Conway p302
  3. ^ Conway p317
  4. ^ Fraccaroli, Aldo (1968). Italian warships of World War 2. London: Ian Allan. pp. 9–10. 

References[edit]