Gaber pri Črmošnjicah

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Gaber pri Črmošnjicah
Gaber pri Črmošnjicah is located in Slovenia
Gaber pri Črmošnjicah
Gaber pri Črmošnjicah
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°39′14.94″N 15°8′3.15″E / 45.6541500°N 15.1342083°E / 45.6541500; 15.1342083Coordinates: 45°39′14.94″N 15°8′3.15″E / 45.6541500°N 15.1342083°E / 45.6541500; 15.1342083
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional region Lower Carniola
Statistical region Southeast Slovenia
Municipality Semič
Area
 • Total 1.2 km2 (0.5 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total unknown
[1]

Gaber pri Črmošnjicah (pronounced [ˈɡaːbəɾ pɾi tʃəɾmɔˈʃnjiːtsax]; German: Gaber,[2] Gottscheerish: Gabər[3]) is a small settlement in the hills west of Semič in southeastern Slovenia. The area is part of the historical region of Lower Carniola and is now included in the Southeast Slovenia Statistical Region.[4]

Name[edit]

The name of the settlement was changed from Gaber to Gaber pri Črmošnjicah (literally, 'Gaber near Črmošnjice) in 1953.[5] It is colloquially known as Kočevski Gaber (literally, 'Kočevje Gaber').[6] The toponym Gaber is relatively common in Slovenia and is derived from the common noun gaber 'hornbeam', thus referring to the local vegetation.[7][8]

History[edit]

Gaber pri Črmošnjicah was not mentioned in the land registries of 1574 or 1770, and so it was presumably founded relatively late.[3] Before the Second World War, the village had three houses and a population of 13. The population worked as day laborers and cultivated fields near their houses.[9] After the Gottschee Germans were evicted from the region in the fall of 1941, Gaber pri Črmošnjicah was uninhabited. It was burned by the Italians during the Rog Offensive in the summer of 1942, leaving the ruins of four houses and several cisterns containing water unfit for drinking. The remaining hay fields were managed by the Črnomelj Collective Farm (Slovene: KZ Črnomelj). The former Kočevje German village of Vimolj (German: Weiderzug) is located above Gaber pri Črmošnjicah.[6] The only settlement at the site today is the Totter farm.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia". Stat.si. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 
  2. ^ Ferenc, Mitja. 2007. Nekdanji nemški jezikovni otok na kočevskem. Kočevje: Pokrajinski muzej, p. 4.
  3. ^ a b Petschauer, Erich. 1980. "Die Gottscheer Siedlungen – Ortsnamenverzeichnis." In Das Jahrhundertbuch der Gottscheer (pp. 181–197). Klagenfurt: Leustik.
  4. ^ "Semič municipal site". Semic.si. Retrieved 2013-08-06. 
  5. ^ Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
  6. ^ a b Savnik, Roman, ed. 1971. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 2. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije. p. 412.
  7. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 137.
  8. ^ Bezlaj, Anton et al. 1977. Etimiloški slovar slovenskega jezika, vol. 1 (A–J). Ljubljana: SAZU, p. 134.
  9. ^ Krajevni leksikon Dravske Banovine. 1937. Ljubljana: Zveza za tujski promet za Slovenijo, p. 470.
  10. ^ Kambič Štuklj, Mira. 2008. Analiza zaraščanja kmetijskih zemljišč na območju poselitve kočevskih Nemcev na primeru vasi Gaber. Bachelor's thesis. Ljubljana: Oddelek za agronomijo, Bitoehniška fakulteta, Univerza v Ljubljani.

External links[edit]