Gabilan Mountains slender salamander

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Gabilan Mountains slender salamander
Batrachoseps gavilanensis - Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander 04.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Caudata
Family: Plethodontidae
Genus: Batrachoseps
Species: B. gavilanensis
Binomial name
Batrachoseps gavilanensis
Jockusch, Yanev & Wake, 2001

The Gabilan Mountains slender salamander (Batrachoseps gavilanensis) is a species of salamander in the family Plethodontidae. It is endemic to California in the United States, where it is distributed along the Central Coast region from Santa Cruz to northern Kern County.[1][2]

This salamander lives in redwood and evergreen forests, chaparral, and California oak woodland habitat.[1] It burrows in soil and forest litter.[2]

This species is up to 16.5 centimeters long, including its long tail. It is gray with brown and black washes, white speckling along the sides, and usually a brownish dorsal stripe bordered with black dots.[3]

This species and several other native California salamanders were described as new species in 2001 when the Batrachoseps pacificus species complex was split according to the results of a phylogenetic analysis.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hammerson, G. 2004. Batrachoseps gavilanensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 June 2016.
  2. ^ a b NatureServe. 2015. Batrachoseps gavilanensis. NatureServe Explorer. Version 7.1. Accessed 19 June 2016.
  3. ^ Gabilan Mountains Slender Salamander (Batrachoseps gavilanensis). CaliforniaHerps.
  4. ^ Jockusch, E. L., Yanev, K. P., & Wake, D. B. (2001). Molecular phylogenetic analysis of slender salamanders, genus Batrachoseps (Amphibia: Plethodontidae), from central coastal California with descriptions of four new species. Herpetological Monographs, 54-99.