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Gabiley

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Gabiley
Gabiley  (Somali)
غابيلي (Arabic)
City
Gabiley view.jpg
Gabiley National Library.jpg
Official seal of Gabiley
Gabiley is located in Somaliland
Gabiley
Gabiley
Location in Somaliland
Coordinates: 9°42′0″N 43°37′25″E / 9.70000°N 43.62361°E / 9.70000; 43.62361Coordinates: 9°42′0″N 43°37′25″E / 9.70000°N 43.62361°E / 9.70000; 43.62361
Country Somaliland
RegionMaroodi Jeex
DistrictGabiley
Government
 • MayorMahamed-Amin Omar Abdi
Population
 • Total106,914[1]
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)

Gabiley (Somali: Gabiley, Arabic: غابيلي‎), also known as Gebiley, is a city in the Maroodi Jeex region of Somaliland.[2][3][4]

Gabiley is located 58 km west of Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland. It is in the center of the Gabiley district, bounded on the north by the Gulf of Aden, on the west by the Awdal region, on the east by the Hargeisa district, and on the south by the Somali Region of Ethiopia.[5]

Townships

The majority of the people in the district have been settled there for the last 300 years. There are more major and minor towns in Gabiley district than anywhere else in Somaliland.[6]

Major towns:

Minor towns:

  • Agabar
  • El Bardale
  • Galooley
  • Harcadaad
  • Geedbalaadh
  • Galadweyne
  • Argeegta
  • Teysa
  • Xidhinta
  • Ijaara
  • Boqor
  • Bus
  • AliHaydh
  • Gogeysa
  • GeedAbeera

History

Gabiley is one of the oldest towns in Somaliland after Zeila, Berbera and Amud. Some stones left behind in the area were believed to have been earmarked for the construction of pyramids.[7]

Demographics

The town of Gabiley has a population of around 106,914.[1]

The Gabiley District in which the city is situated is exclusively dominated by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the Jibril Abokor sub divisions of the Sa'ad Musa subclan of the Habar Awal Isaaq the main residents of this district.[8][9][10]

Education

Primary schools, Secondary schools and University education is available throughout the district. The smaller communities have their own primary schools. For post-secondary education, Timacade University was opened in 1999 to serve the needs of the town's students. The education system in Gabiley region is growing in a faster pace than most of Somaliland.[11]

Healthcare

Gabiley has 5 operating general hospital. One massive hospital opened in 2010, it provides medical services to the larger region.

In 2016 the municipal government was led by Mahamed-Amiin Omer Abdi who is the current mayor of Gabiley city and the governor of Gabiley region.[12]

Agriculture

Farmer near the town of Gabiley

Gabiley is the main farm land for Somaliland and produces up to 85% of Somaliland's food supplies. It is known for its agricultural and farming industry, and is where most of Somaliland's crops are produced. Crops grown in the area include apples, oranges, bananas, corn, pears, maize, wheat, barley, beans, lemon, peas, groundnuts, potatoes, tomatoes, onions, garlic, salad and cabbages, broccoli, watermelon, papaya and many other types of fruits and vegetables. Gabiley is considered to be the most fertile region in Somaliland.[6]

Climate

According to Köppen-Geiger system, Gabiley has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh), although it is moderated by altitude. The average annual temperature is 21.4 °C or 70.5 °F, and the average annual rainfall 489 millimetres or 19.25 inches. June is the hottest month of the year with an average of 24.5 °C or 76.1 °F, whilst January is the coolest with an average of 17.6 °C or 63.7 °F. The driest month is December, with 2 millimetres or 0.079 inches of rain, and the wettest August with 91 millimetres or 3.58 inches. There is a difference of 89 millimetres or 3.50 inches of rainfall between the driest and wettest months. The variation in annual temperature is around 6.9 °C or 12.4 °F.

Climate data for Gabiley
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
26.1
(79.0)
28.1
(82.6)
28.6
(83.5)
29.9
(85.8)
30.7
(87.3)
29.2
(84.6)
29.2
(84.6)
29.9
(85.8)
27.9
(82.2)
26
(79)
24.2
(75.6)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
12.2
(54.0)
14.4
(57.9)
16.2
(61.2)
17.4
(63.3)
18.3
(64.9)
17.8
(64.0)
17.6
(63.7)
17.4
(63.3)
14.4
(57.9)
12.2
(54.0)
11.2
(52.2)
15.0
(59.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 4
(0.2)
11
(0.4)
33
(1.3)
74
(2.9)
63
(2.5)
36
(1.4)
73
(2.9)
91
(3.6)
76
(3.0)
18
(0.7)
8
(0.3)
2
(0.1)
489
(19.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org, altitude: 1,460 metres or 4,790 feet[13]

Notable residents

  • Abdillahi Suldaan Mohammed Timacade, prominent Somali poet during the pre- and post-colonial period from Galooley who conducted public readings in the area. He belongs to the Ali Jibril (Reer Hareed) sub-clan of the Jibril Abokor clan.
  • Mohamed Hasan Abdullahi, former Chief of Staff of Somaliland Armed Forces and SNM General. He belongs to the Ali Jibril (Reer Dalal) sub-clan of the Jibril Abokor clan.
  • Mo Farah, British four-time Olympic gold medalist and the most decorated athlete in British athletics history; belongs to the Muhammed Jibril (Deriyahan) sub-clan of the Jibril Abokor clan.[14]
  • Nuh Ismail Tani, current Chief of Staff of Somaliland Armed Forces. He belongs to the Ali Jibril (Reer Hareed) of the Jibril Abokor clan.

References

  1. ^ a b "Population Estimation Survey 2014 For the 18 Prewar regions of Somalia" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Issue 270". Retrieved 28 March 2016.
  3. ^ "The Transitional Federal Charter of the Somali Republic" (PDF). University of Pretoria. 1 February 2004. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  4. ^ Somalia Recent Economic and Political Developments Handbook Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments. May 2007. ISBN 9781433062568.
  5. ^ Districts of Somalia, Statoids
  6. ^ a b "Gabiley Travel Guide". World66.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 12 April 2015.
  7. ^ The Archaeology of Islam in Sub Saharan Africa, p. 72/73
  8. ^ http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ab704.html[bare URL]
  9. ^ Phillips, Sarah. "Political Settlements and State Formation: The Case of Somalia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  10. ^ Sommerlatte, Malte (2000). Ecological Assessment of the Coastal Plains of North Western Somalia (Somaliland). IUCN Eastern Africa Regional Office. p. 4. The Issa Musa are the more coastal sub-clan of the Habr Awal, and they live in the immediate environs of Berbera and extend southwards to Hargeisa. West of them but in proximity are the Sa’ad Musa, who extend from a narrow strip on the coast near Bullaxaar and El Sheikh towards the towns of Gebile and Hargeisa which they dominate, and across into their grazing lands in the rich plateau area of the ‘Haud’ in Ethiopia.
  11. ^ http://gabiley.net/2015/02/my-volunteer-experience-at-hargeisa-school-of-social-work-university-of-hargeisa/
  12. ^ https://reliefweb.int/report/somalia/assessment-awdal-region-somaliland-11th-15th-dec-2016
  13. ^ "Climate: Gabiley - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
  14. ^ "Mo Farah's family cheers him on from Somaliland village". The Guardian. 10 August 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2014.

External links