Gabre Gabric

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Gabre Gabric
Gabre Gabric.jpg
Personal information
Full name Ljubica Gabric-Calvesi
Nationality Italian
Born (1914-10-17)17 October 1914
Imotski, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary
Died 16 December 2015(2015-12-16) (aged 101)
Brescia
Sport
Country Italy Italy
Sport Athletics
Event(s) Discus throw
Club Venchi Unica Torino
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)
  • Discus throw: 43.35 m (1939)

Ljubica Gabric-Calvesi (17 October 1914 – 16 December 2015), known as Gabre Gabric, was a Croatian-born Italian track and field athlete who competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics and in the 1948 Summer Olympics. Her best discus throw was 43.35 m (1939).

Biography[edit]

Gabric was born in Imotski, Croatia, Austria–Hungary. She was wife of Sandro Calvesi, an Italian athletic coach (hurdles), and mother-in-law of Eddy Ottoz (grandmother of Laurent Ottoz and Patrick Ottoz).[1] While many sources give a birth year of 1914 and she competed in masters-level tournaments with this year of birth, Gabric admitted in an interview that she was born in 1917 and that 1914 was a transcription error:[2] however, this admission is in contradiction with additional sources, including her arrival in the United States at age 9 in 1923, documented by Ellis Island records[3] and the fact that Olympic documents dating to the 1936 and 1948 Olympics establish a birthdate of 17 October 1914, probably originating from her own answers at the time.[1]

In 1936, she finished tenth in the Olympic discus throw event. Twelve years later she finished 17th in the discus throw competition at the 1948 Olympics. In the 1938 European Championships in Athletics she finished sixth in the discus throw contest and in the 1950 European Championships in Athletics she finished seventh in the discus throw event. Records from the European Championships use the 1917 birthdate, reporting her as a 20 year old and 32 year old respectively.[4]

In 2010, she was still competing in Veterans Athletic Championships[5] and, following the 2011 death of Alfred Proksch, was the last known track and field competitor from the 1936 Olympic Games to still be competing.[6] At the 2010 European Veterans Athletics Championships in Nyíregyháza, Hungary, she set the current W95 World Records in the Shot Put and the Discus.[7]

Gabric died on 16 December 2015, aged 101.[8]

Masters world records[edit]

Gabric held four world records in masters W95 category (athletes who have completed the ninety-fifth year of age),[9][10] records regularly recognized by the International Governing Body, World Masters Athletics.[11] This is because for the World Masters Athletics[12] and FIDAL (Italian athletics federation),[13] recognize the birthdate of 1914.

Event Category Performance Date Venue Notes
Shot put W 95 5.32 m 23 July 2010 Hungary Nyíregyháza [11]
Hammer throw W 95 12.86 m 21 July 2010 Hungary Nyíregyháza [11]
Weight throw W 95 4.67 m 9 October 2010 Italy Macerata [11]
Throws pentathlon W 95 3.923 pt 9 October 2010 Italy Macerata [11]

Achievements[edit]

Senior
Year Competition Venue Event Position Performance Notes
1936 Olympic Games Nazi Germany Berlin Discus throw 10th 34.31 m
1938 European Championships Austria Vienna Discus throw 6th 35.53 m [14]
1948 Olympic Games United Kingdom London Discus throw 17th 34.17 m
1950 European Championships Belgium Brussels Discus throw 7th 37.73 m [15]
Masters
Year Competition Venue Event Position Performance Notes
2007 World Masters Championships Italy Riccione Shot put W90 1st 4.35 m [16]
Discus throw W90 1st 11.45 m [16]
Javelin throw W90 2nd 6.93 m [16]
2008 World Masters Indoor Championships France Clermont-Ferrand Shot put W90 1st 4.73 m [17]
Discus throw W90 1st 11.49 m [17]
Javelin throw W90 1st 6.87 m [17]
2009 World Masters Championships Finland Lahti Shot put W90 2nd 4.73 m [18]
Discus throw W90 2nd 12.55 m [18]
Javelin throw W90 2nd 7.36 m [18]
2008 European Masters Championships Slovenia Ljubljana Shot put W90 1st 4.73 m [19]
Discus throw W90 1st 11.86 m [19]
Javelin throw W90 1st 7.97 m [19]
2009 European Masters Indoor Championships Italy Ancona Shot put W90 1st 4.72 m [20]
Discus throw W90 1st 12,02 m [20]
Javelin throw W90 1st 7.85 m [20]
2010 European Masters Championships Hungary Nyíregyháza Shot put W95 1st 5.32 m [21] WR
Discus throw W95 1st 12.86 m [21] WR
Javelin throw W95 1st 7.92 m [21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gabre Gabric-Calvesi". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. 
  2. ^ i records di gabre gabric atleticanet.it, (in Italian)
  3. ^ "The Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island". 
  4. ^ http://www.european-athletics.org/mm/Document/EventsMeetings/General/01/27/31/44/StatisticsHandbookZürich2014_Neutral.pdf
  5. ^ 16th European Veterans Athletic Championships Ljubljana 2008
  6. ^ Gjerde, Arild; Jeroen Heijmans; Bill Mallon; Hilary Evans (4 August 2009). "Revenge of the Last of the Class of '36". Olympics. Sports Reference.com. Archived from the original on 12 August 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  7. ^ http://www.world-masters-athletics.org/files/records/outdoorwomen.pdf[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Ljubica 'Gabre' Gabric, last athlete to have competed at the 1936 Olympic Games, dies at 101". iaaf.org/news. Brescia, Italy: International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF). Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  9. ^ "Eurovets claim 15 world records at their Hungary championships". masterstrack.com. Archived from the original on 1 November 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  10. ^ "Macerata, pentalanci tricolore con record mondiale" (in Italian). iaaf.org. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d e "Records Outdoor Women". world-masters-athletics.org. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Gabre Gabric. Italy - 14. Oct 1914". mastersathletics.net. Retrieved 30 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Tricolore Master: trentesima edizione al via" (in Italian). fidal.it. Retrieved 30 October 2013. Gabre Gabric (Atl. Sandro Calvesi), nata nel 1914 
  14. ^ "1938 Women's European Championships - Women's Discus throw". the-sports.org. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  15. ^ "4th European Athletics Championships, Brussels 1950". athleticsdb.com. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  16. ^ a b c 17th WMA World Championships
  17. ^ a b c WMA Indoor Championships, Clermont-Ferrand (France) Archived 2011-12-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ a b c World Masters Athletics - Lahti results Archived 2011-12-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ a b c 16 th EVACS Ljubljana (SLO)
  20. ^ a b c 7th EVACI Ancona (ITA)
  21. ^ a b c 17th ECACS Nyíregyháza (HUN)

External links[edit]