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|Saint Gabriel Lalemant|
|Jesuit, Missionary and Martyr of Canada|
|Born||October 3, 1610
|Died||May 17, 1649
Saint Ignace (Waubashene near Tay, Ontario)
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Canonized||June 29, 1930 by Pope Pius XI|
|Major shrine||Shrine of the Jesuit Martyrs, Midland, Ontario, Canada|
|Feast||September 26 (Canada); October 19 (U.S.)|
Gabriel Lalemant was born in Paris, October 31, 1610, the son of a French jurist and the third of six children, five of whom entered religious life. Gabriel was the nephew of Charles Lalemant, the first superior of the Jesuit missions in Canada, and Jérôme Lalemant, Vicar-General of Quebec.
In 1630 Lalemant joined the Jesuits and in 1632 took the vow to devote himself to foreign missions. He taught at the Collège in Moulins from 1632 to 1635. He was at Bourges from 1635 to 1639 studying theology and was ordained there in 1638. He then taught at three different schools, being professor of philosophy at Moulins. In September, 1646 he arrived in Quebec, where his uncle Jerome was head of the Canadian mission.
Little is known about Lalemant's stay in Quebec. Father Bressani, a fellow missionary in New France, referred to him as a man of extremely frail constitution. For the first two years Gabriel worked in and around Quebec and the trading center of Three Rivers. In September 1648 he was sent to Wendake, the land of the Wyandot (Huron), as an assistant to Father Jean de Brébeuf, and posted to the mission at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons. In February 1649 he replaced Noël Chabanel at the mission of Saint Louis.
In March 1649, while most of the Huron warriors were away, 1,200 Iroquois attacked the settlement of St. Ignace. A few survivors escaped to warn the village of St. Louis. There the eighty warriors left fought to allow time for the elderly, women, and children to flee. Lalemant and Brébeuf remained with them and were captured and taken to the nearby mission at Saint Ignace. There he was tortured before being killed on March 17, 1649.
After the withdrawal of the Iroquois war party from the area on March 19th, seven Frenchmen went to St. Ignace to retrieve the bodies and return them to Sainte-Marie where they were buried.
His surname may be spelled either Lallemant or Lalemant by different references.
Bressani map of 1657 depicts the martyrdom of Jean de Brébeuf and Gabriel Lalemant
- Léon Pouliot, "LALEMANT, GABRIEL", Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003, accessed June 10, 2014
- MacDougall, Angus. "Gabriel Lalemont", Wyandot.org
- Campbell, Thomas. "Gabriel Lalemant." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 10 Jun. 2014
- Blessed Julian Maunoir