Gabriel Ramanantsoa

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Gabriel Ramanantsoa
Gabriel Ramanantsoa in 1961.
President of Madagascar
In office
11 October 1972 – 5 February 1975
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Philibert Tsiranana
Succeeded by Richard Ratsimandrava
Personal details
Born 13 April 1906[citation needed]
Antananarivo, Madagascar
Died 9 May 1979 (aged 73)
Paris, France
Spouse(s) Marcelle Larguier (m. 1934–1979; his death)[1]

Gabriel Ramanantsoa (13 April 1906 Antananarivo – 9 May 1979 Paris) was the President and Prime Minister of Madagascar from 1972 to 1975.

Ramanantsoa was a member of the Merina ethnic group, and came from a wealthy family. He was a career officer in the French army. After Madagascar became independent, he joined the Madagascar military, rising to the rank of Major General. In May 1972, amidst massive political protests, he became prime minister of the country, and a few months later, when President Philibert Tsiranana gave up power, Ramanantsoa became President, taking office on October 11, 1972. He tried to start political reconciliation. His government was nearly overthrown in December 1974. On February 5, 1975 he resigned amidst ethnic and social class tensions.

His nephew, Bernard Ramanantsoa is serving as Dean of French top business school HEC Paris.


  1. ^ "Madagascar First ladies : De Justine à Voahangy, en passant par les deux Thérèse". 2014-02-14. Archived from the original on 2017-10-15. Retrieved 2017-10-15.