Gabriel Vargas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the Chilean footballer, see Gabriel Vargas (footballer).
For the animator and producer, see Gabriel Osorio Vargas.
Gabriel Vargas
Gabriel Vargas.jpg
1983 "Premio Nacional de Periodismo" (National Journalism Prize) award ceremony
Born Gabriel Bernal Vargas
(1915-02-05)February 5, 1915
Tulancingo, Hidalgo
Died May 25, 2010(2010-05-25) (aged 95)
Mexico City
Nationality Mexican
Area(s) Cartoonist, painter[1][2][3][4][5]
Notable works
La Familia Burrón (comic strip)
The Burrón Family
Awards 1983 "Premio Nacional de Periodismo" (National Journalism Prize)
2003 "Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes en el área de Tradiciones Populares" (National Sciences and Arts Prize)[6][7]

Gabriel Bernal Vargas (5 February 1915 – 25 May 2010)[6][7] was a Mexican cartoonist, whose comic strip La Familia Burrón was created in 1937.[1][2][3] This cartoon has been described as one of the most important in Mexican popular culture.[6][7] Vargas won Mexico's "Premio Nacional de Periodismo" (National Journalism Prize) in 1983 and the "Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes en el área de Tradiciones Populares" (National Sciences and Arts Prize) in 2003.[1][2][6][7][8][9]

Early life and education[edit]

Gabriel Vargas was born in Tulancingo, Hidalgo, on February 5, 1915 and had 11 siblings.[6][7] His father was a merchant and died when Gabriel was four years old.[1][2] In 1922, his mother, Josefina Bernal, moved the family to Mexico City.[1][2][6][7] Around 1928, Vargas began work as a draftsman for the Excélsior newspaper and eventually became its chief drawer[1][2][6][7] by 1931 when he was sixteen.[6][7] Vargas won an art contest sponsored by Panamericana Editorial which led to him penning his first comic, Los Superlocos, whose main protagonists became the basis for La Familia Burrón.[1][2][6][7]

La Familia Burrón[edit]

In 1937, Vargas began drawing La Familia Burrón as a separate piece which documented parents, Regino Burrón and Borola Tacuche de Burrón, their two teenage children, Regino and Macuca Burrón, and Foforito Cantarranas, a younger kid who was adopted by the Burróns.[1][2][6][7][8][10][11][12][13] La Familia Burrón profiled a lower class family's daily comedic struggles in an impoverished Mexican barrio.[8][10][11][12][13] At the height of its popularity, the comic strip helped circulation sales to reach 500,000 copies a week.[9][12][13] The comic was temporarily suspended but resumed in 1978.[12][13]

Later life and death[edit]

In 2007, Carlos Monsiváis, who is a patron of the arts, opened the Museo de El Estanquillo with an exhibition of Vargas' La Familia Burrón paintings with the artist in person.[4][5] The Burrón Family were represented in painted forms by Regino Burrón and Borola Tacuche de Burrón, Regino and Foforito.[4][5] Vargas sat paralyzed because of an affiction he had suffered for the past twenty years.[4][5]

The Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes stated Vargas died on 25 May 2010 at his Mexico City home.[6][7][8] His health had declined in recent years but no cause of death was given.[6][7][8] According to a statement released by this council, Vargas was "one of the greatest representatives of the golden age of Mexican comics" and an "undeniable reference point for the nation’s popular culture".[9]

Bibliography[edit]

The following is a list of Vargas' various comic strips:[1][2][6][7]

  • Los Superlocos
  • La Familia Burrón (1937–2009)
  • La vida de Cristo
  • Sherlock Holmes
  • Pancho López
  • El gran Caperuzo
  • Los Chiflados
  • Los del Doce
  • Sopa de perico

Awards[edit]

Cartoon characters created by Vargas depicted at the Estanquillo Museum, Mexico City

In 1983, Vargas received the "Premio Nacional de Periodismo" (National Journalism Prize) in the field of Popular Traditions.[1][2][6][7] In 2003, the "Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes en el área de Tradiciones Populares" (National Sciences and Arts Prize) was presented to him.[1][2][6][7] In 2007, the Federal District government recognized Vargas as a Distinguished Citizen.[1][2][6][7] In addition, the Estanquillo Museum Collections exhibited many of his painted works as a homage.[6][7] At the time of his death, a complete exhibition of La Familia Burrón was on display at a museum in Florence, Italy.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Muere el caricaturista Gabriel Vargas". El Universal (in Spanish). 25 May 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Muere el caricaturista Gabriel Vargas". El Universal. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Mexican Cartoonist Gabriel Vargas Dies". Latin American Herald Tribune. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c d Amador, Judith (25 May 2010). "Fallece Gabriel Vargas, creador de La Familia Burrón". Proceso (in Spanish). proceso.com.mx. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  5. ^ a b c d Amador, Judith (25 May 2010). "Fallece Gabriel Vargas, creador de La Familia Burrón". Proceso. Google Translate. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Conaculta lamenta el fallecimiento del historietista mexicano Gabriel Vargas". Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (in Spanish). conaculta.gob.mx. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Conaculta lamenta el fallecimiento del historietista mexicano Gabriel Vargas". Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes. Google Translate. 26 May 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "Gabriel Vargas, creator of Mexico's beloved 'La Familia Burron' comic strip, dies at 95". Fox News Channel. 25 May 2010. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  9. ^ a b c Gardner, Alan (26 May 2010). "Mexico’s Gabriel Vargas dies at age 95". The Daily Cartoonist. dailycartoonist.com. Retrieved 27 May 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "Caricaturas mexicanas: la familia Burrón". Globedia (in Spanish). mx.globedia.com. 28 September 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  11. ^ a b "Caricaturas mexicanas: la familia Burrón". Globedia. Google Translate. September 28, 2009. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  12. ^ a b c d López-Portillo, Esther. "La Familia Burrón". Sepiensa.org.mx (in Spanish). sepiensa.org.mx. Retrieved 28 May 2010. 
  13. ^ a b c d López-Portillo, Esther. "La Familia Burrón". Sepiensa.org.mx. Google Translate. Retrieved 28 May 2010.