Son of a colonial governor (from a wealthy family of farmers) and a Muslim mother he studied in France and began a career as a colonial administrator. d'Arboussier served in the French National Assembly from 1945-1946, and From 1946 he was member of Gabon's 1st constituent assembly under Houphouet-Boigny, a founder of the African Democratic Rally (RDA), where he became secretary general. The same year he was co-opted by his party to be a counselor of the French Union (for Côte d'Ivoire). In 1949, he traveled around the world and made a journey to the Soviet Union.
A colorful character, cultured and brilliant, Arboussier fell out with Houphouet-Boigny, costing him his mandate in the RDA and the French Union.
He was the first Vice-President and Chairman of the Grand Council of the AOF from March 1958 to January 1959. After the wave of decolonization, he became Minister of Justice in Senegal (1960-1962). He also served as a Deputy Director of UNESCO from 1963 to 1964 and ambassador to France at the same time, Deputy Director of the Research Institute of the United Nations (1965-1966) and was Appointed Ambassador to West Germany in 1974.
- Robert Cornevin, Hommes et destins : dictionnaire biographique d'outre-mer, Académie des sciences d'outre-mer, 1975, p. 8-9
- 1st page on the French National Assembly website
- 2nd page on the French National Assembly website
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