Gabrielius Landsbergis

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Gabrielius Landsbergis
Official portrait, 2021
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
11 December 2020
Prime MinisterIngrida Šimonytė
Preceded byLinas Linkevičius
Leader of the Opposition
In office
10 March 2020 – 12 November 2020
Preceded byJulius Sabatauskas
Succeeded bySaulius Skvernelis (2021)
Member of Seimas
Assumed office
14 November 2016
Preceded byRasa Juknevičienė (Žaliakalnis)
Vincė Vaidevutė Margevičienė (Centras)
ConstituencyCentrasŽaliakalnis
Chairman of the Homeland Union
Assumed office
25 April 2015
Preceded byAndrius Kubilius
Member of the European Parliament
In office
1 July 2014 – 12 May 2016
Succeeded byLaima Liucija Andrikienė
ConstituencyLithuania
Personal details
Born (1982-01-07) 7 January 1982 (age 42)
Vilnius, Lithuanian SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyHomeland Union
SpouseAustėja Landsbergienė
Alma materVilnius University

Gabrielius Landsbergis (born 7 January 1982) is a Lithuanian politician, Minister of Foreign Affairs in the 18th Government of the Republic of Lithuania led by the Prime Minister Ingrida Šimonytė. He is a Member of the Seimas for CentrasŽaliakalnis constituency,[1] and a former member of the European Parliament.[2] He was a member of Group of the European People's Party (Christian Democrats). Landsbergis was elected as the Chairman of the Homeland Union in 2015. He is credited with modernising the Homeland Union.[3]

On 11 December 2020, he was approved to be the Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Šimonytė Cabinet.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Gabrielus Landsbergis was born in Vilnius on 7 January 1982. He is the grandson of the leader of Lithuania after gaining independence from the Soviet Union, Vytautas Landsbergis and the son of Vytautas V. Landsbergis.[5] Vytautas Landsbergis was the founder of the Lithuanian independence movement and organisation “Sąjūdis”.

In 2003, Landsbergis graduated from the Faculty of History, Vilnius University and gained a bachelor's degree; in 2005, he graduated from Vilnius University Institute of International Relations and Political Science, gaining a master's degree in International Relations and Diplomacy.

Career[edit]

He worked in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania and the Chancellery of the President of Lithuania. In 2007 he joined the staff of the Lithuanian embassy in the Kingdom of Belgium and to the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Landsbergis returned to Lithuania in 2011 and worked in the Chancellery of the Government of Lithuania. Landsbergis speaks Lithuanian (native) and English.[6]

Member of the European Parliament (2014–2016)[edit]

On 8 January 2014, Landsbergis was selected as leading candidate for the Homeland Union's list in 2014 European Parliament election,[7] and was a Member of the European Parliament between 2014 and 2016.

Landsbergis served on the Committee on International Trade and on the Subcommittee on Security and Defence. In addition to his committee assignments, he was a member of the European Parliament Intergroup on Children's Rights.[8]

On 25 April 2015, Landsbergis was elected as Chairman of the Homeland Union, defeating former speaker of the Seimas Irena Degutienė in the contest.[9]

When Landsbergis asked to meet with Russian MPs and officials in Moscow in 2015 amid the Russo-Ukrainian War, his request was denied.[10]

Landsbergis meets with U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken at the U.S. Department of State headquarters in Washington, D.C., on September 15, 2021.

Member of Government (since 2016)[edit]

In November 2015, Landsbergis was selected to stand in Žaliakalnis single-member constituency to the upcoming parliamentary election.[11] Due to the redrawing of single-member constituencies' boundaries, Landsbergis was proposed to the newly established Centras–Žaliakalnis single-member constituency (Centras single-member constituency candidate Gintarė Skaistė joined the multi-member list instead).[12]

By March 2016, Landsbergis resigned from the European Parliament. In the 2016 parliamentary elections, Landsbergis was the only Homeland Union's candidate to win a single-member constituency in Kaunas.[13] After these elections, Landsbergis proposed to hold a leadership election, which he won.

Landsbergis ranked among the 5 wealthiest members of the 2016–2020 Seimas primarily due to his wife's chain of private schools and kindergartens which are partly funded from public sources, with estimated wealth of €19.9 million.[14] Questions have been raised about suspicious business transactions in the context of a potential conflict of interest but the matter did not go to court, although the National Tax Inspection did start a formal investigation.[15]

Personal life[edit]

Landsbergis' father is Vytautas V. Landsbergis, a Lithuanian writer, and his mother is Giedrė Bukelytė. Gabrielius is the grandson of Vytautas Landsbergis, a prominent Lithuanian politician who was one of the founders of Sąjudis and the Chairman of the Reconstituent Seimas of Lithuania after its independence declaration from the Soviet Union.

He is married to Austėja Landsbergienė (née Čijauskaitė). The couple has four children.

Honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Members of the Seimas | Gabriel Landsbergis". www.lrs.lt. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  2. ^ "8th parliamentary term | Gabrielius LANDSBERGIS | MEPs | European Parliament". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  3. ^ Gabrielius Landsbergis. "Gabrielius Landsbergis: Kodėl ir kaip vyksta TS-LKD atsinaujinimas?". 15min.lt. Retrieved 25 June 2022.
  4. ^ "President approves makeup of Simonyte Cabinet". DELFI. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  5. ^ "Lunch-debate with Gabrielius Landsbergis, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Lithuania". www.ifri.org. Retrieved 12 January 2024.
  6. ^ "Naujienos lrytas.lt". www.lrytas.lt. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Kaip pianistę keičia V. Landsbergio anūkas". DELFI.
  8. ^ "Members of the European Parliament Intergroup on Children's Rights" (PDF). European Parliament - europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  9. ^ "Naujienos lrytas.lt". www.lrytas.lt. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  10. ^ Rettman, Andrew (23 January 2015). "Russia suspends official EU parliament visits". EUobserver. Retrieved 16 July 2021.
  11. ^ "TS-LKD pirmininkas G. Landsbergis į Seimą kandidatuos Kaune". DELFI.
  12. ^ "Perbraižytos apygardos verčia partijas keisti rinkimų planus" [Changes to constituency borders force parties to change plans]. Delfi.lt (in Lithuanian). 18 December 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  13. ^ "Iš konservatorių tvirtovės Kaune liko tik Žaliakalnis | Diena.lt". kauno.diena.lt.
  14. ^ "Turtingiausių politikų penketuke – Matijošaitis, Karbauskis ir Gabrielius Landsbergis". lrt.lt. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  15. ^ "Persigalvojo: paviešinus deklaracijas VMI pradėjo su Landsbergiene siejamos bendrovės tyrimą". lrt.lt. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
  16. ^ "УКАЗ ПРЕЗИДЕНТА УКРАЇНИ №595/2022". president.gov.ua. 23 August 2022. Retrieved 20 October 2022.

External links[edit]

Seimas
Preceded by Member of the Seimas for Centras and Žaliakalnis
2016–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Foreign Affairs
2020–present
Incumbent