|Municipality and town|
Central square and church of Gachalá
Location of the municipality and town of Gachalá inside Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
|Founded||22 February 1810|
|Founded by||Mariano de Mendoza y Bueno|
Germán Martínez Beltrán|
|• Municipality and town||448.29 km2 (173.09 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,712 m (5,617 ft)|
|• Municipality and town||5,715|
|• Density||13/km2 (33/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)|
Gachalá is a municipality and town of Colombia in the Guavio Province, part of the department of Cundinamarca. The urban centre of Gachalá is situated at a distance of 148 kilometres (92 mi) from the capital Bogotá at an altitude of 1,712 metres (5,617 ft) in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes. The municipality borders the western portion of the split municipality Ubalá and the department of Boyacá in the north, the eastern part of Ubalá and Medina in the east, Fómeque, Junín and Gama in the west and Fómeque, Medina and the department of Meta in the south.
Modern Gachalá was founded on February 22, 1810, by Mariano de Mendoza y Bueno.
Main economical activity in Gachalá is the hydroelectric plant of the Guavio Reservoir. Also emerald mining is an important source of income for Gachalá. The 858 carats (171.6 g) Gachalá Emerald was found in and named after Gachalá.
Born in Gachalá
- Gonzalo Correal Urrego, anthropologist and archaeologist
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