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Municipality and town
Central square
Central square
Flag of Gachancipá
Official seal of Gachancipá
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca department of Colombia
Gachancipá is located in Colombia
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 4°59′27″N 73°52′23″W / 4.99083°N 73.87306°W / 4.99083; -73.87306Coordinates: 4°59′27″N 73°52′23″W / 4.99083°N 73.87306°W / 4.99083; -73.87306
Country  Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
Province Central Savanna Province
Founded 1 January 1612
 • Mayor José Joaquín Cubides Ariza
 • Municipality and town 44 km2 (17 sq mi)
 • Urban 42.5086 km2 (16.4127 sq mi)
Elevation 2,568 m (8,425 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 14,442
 • Density 330/km2 (850/sq mi)
 • Urban 8,365
Time zone UTC-5 (Colombia Standard Time)
Website Official website

Gachancipá is a municipality and town of Colombia in the Central Savanna Province, part of the department of Cundinamarca. The urban centre is located on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at 42 kilometres (26 mi) from the capital Bogotá. The municipality borders Guatavita and Tocancipá in the south, Sesquilé in the east, Zipaquirá in the west and Nemocón in the north.[1]


The name Gachancipá comes from Chibcha and means "Pottery of the zipa".[1]


The area of Gachancipá before the Spanish conquest was inhabited by the Muisca, organised in their loose Muisca Confederation. Gachancipá, as the name suggests, was ruled by the zipa based in Bacatá.

Modern Gachancipá was founded on January 1, 1612 but the founders are unknown.[1]

In the late 18th century Muisca scholar José Domingo Duquesne was based in Gachancipá. A school in the town is named after him.[2]


The economy of Gachancipá traditionally was centered around agriculture and livestock farming. In recent years flowers are cultivated in the municipality.[1]