Gad Horowitz

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Gad Horowitz
Born1936 (age 81–82)
Academic background
Alma mater
ThesisCanadian Labor in Politics (1965)
Doctoral advisorSamuel Beer
Academic work
DisciplinePolitical science
InstitutionsUniversity of Toronto
Main interestsRed Tory theory
Notable ideasApplication of fragment theory to Canada

Gad Horowitz (born 1936) is a Canadian political scientist. He is a professor emeritus at the University of Toronto.


Horowitz was born in Jerusalem in 1936 and immigrated to Canada with his parents[citation needed] at the age of 2.[4][5] His father Rabbi Aaron Horowitz, was a prominent member of the Jewish community and a key figure in founding Camp Massad in Canada.[5] He grew up in Calgary, Winnipeg, and Montreal.[4]

Horowitz earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from United College.[5][6] He earned his Master of Arts degree from McGill University in 1959, writing his thesis on Mosca and Mills: Ruling Class and Power Elite.[7] He earned his Doctor of Philosophy degree from Harvard University in 1965, writing his thesis on Canadian Labor in Politics: The Trade Unions and the CCF-NDP, 1937–62,[8] with Sam Beer as his advisor.[4]

Horowitz has specialized in labour theory, and most notably coined the appellation Red Tory in his application of Louis Hartz's fragment theory to Canadian political culture and ideological development, in his essay "Conservatism, Liberalism and Socialism in Canada: An Interpretation" (in the Canadian Journal of Political Science, 32, 2 (1966): 143–71).[9] The use of this appellation differentiates traditional Canadian Toryism from the powerful classical liberal elements that began to emerge in the Conservative Party after the Second World War, but it has applications to conservative parties in other countries where "Tory" acceptance of state enterprises, the welfare state, and other institutions seen as expressions of national character conflicts with "liberal" or "neoliberal" rejection of state intervention in the economy.

Horowitz was a member of the editorial board of Canadian Dimension in its early days, and a frequent contributor to that magazine.[10]

Horowitz teaches a class at the University of Toronto entitled The Spirit of Democratic Citizenship which revolves around general semantics, a non-Aristotelian educational discipline first theorized by Polish engineer Alfred Korzybski. A 21-part video series called 'Radical General Semantics' has been made of his lectures.

Selected bibliography[edit]




  1. ^ Wiseman 2013, p. 21.
  2. ^ Wiseman 2013, p. 20.
  3. ^ Andrew 2013, p. 48.
  4. ^ a b c Campbell 2003.
  5. ^ a b c Block, Irwin (10 October 2013). "Horowitz Has Made a Career of Challenging Prevailing Notions". The Senior Times. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  6. ^ Wiseman 2013, p. 22.
  7. ^ Campbell 2003; Horowitz 1959.
  8. ^ Horowitz 1965.
  9. ^ Forbes 2007, p. 235; Leuprecht 2003; Smiley 1981, p. 150.
  10. ^ Brett, Matthew (12 June 2008). "Gad Horowitz: Canadian Intellectual". Canadian Dimension. Winnipeg, Manitoba. Retrieved 10 November 2018.

Works cited[edit]

Andrew, Edward G. (2013). "The Odd Couple of Canadian Intellectual History". In Bell, Shannon; Kulchyski, Peter. Subversive Itinerary: The Thought of Gad Horowitz. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 42–53. ISBN 978-1-4426-4532-5.
Campbell, Colin (2003). "On Intellectual Life, Politics and Psychoanalysis: A Conversation with Gad Horowitz". Ctheory. Retrieved 6 September 2011.
Forbes, Hugh Donald (2007). George Grant: A Guide to His Thought. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-8142-1.
Horowitz, Gad (1959). Mosca and Mills: Ruling Class and Power Elite (MA thesis). Montreal: McGill University. OCLC 820538864. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
 ———  (1965). Canadian Labor in Politics: The Trade Unions and the CCF-NDP, 1937–62 (PhD thesis). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University. OCLC 76987033.
Leuprecht, Christian (2003). "The Tory Fragment in Canada: Endangered Species?". Canadian Journal of Political Science. 36 (2): 401–416. doi:10.1017/s000842390377869x. SSRN 1279533.
Smiley, Donald V. (1981). "Review of The Tory Syndrome: Leadership Politics in the Progressive Conservative Party, by George C. Perlin". Canadian Journal of Political Science. 14 (1): 148–150. ISSN 1744-9324. JSTOR 3230399.
Wiseman, Nelson (2013). "The Life and Times of Horowitz the Canadianist". In Bell, Shannon; Kulchyski, Peter. Subversive Itinerary: The Thought of Gad Horowitz. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. pp. 15–41. ISBN 978-1-4426-4532-5.

External links[edit]