ಗದಗ - ಬೆಟಗೇರಿ
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Gadag-Betageri is a city municipal council in Gadag district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Gadag District. The original city of Gadag and its sister city Betageri (or Betgeri) have a combined city administration. The municipality of Gadag-Betageri has a population of 172,813 and an area of 54.0956 km². Kanaginahal of Gadag is the birthplace of the first co-operative society in Asia.
Gadag style of architecture
The Gadag style of Architecture marked by Ornate pillars with intricate sculpture originated during the period of the Western Chalukya (or Kalyani Chalukyas) king Someswara I, and it flourished for a period of 150 years (During 1050 to 1200 CE) during which about 50 temples were built. some of the examples are The Trikuteshwara temple (complex) at Gadag, Kasivisvesvara temple, Lakkundi, Doddabasappa Temple at Dambal, Amriteshwara temple at Annigeri.
- The 'Gadag inscription' of Vikramaditya VI, records that Taila took the head of Panchala by the terror of the pride of his arm in battle.
- The inscription reveals that the battle was fought on the bank of the Godavari & ocean river and a certain Kesava (son of Madhava), fought in the battle and won Taila’s admiration.
- At the command of Sattiga (Satyashraya) in 1006 A.D., a Lenka Keta fell fighting at the battle of Unukallu, probably against the Cholas. An inscription', dated in Saka 930 (1008 A.D.) of the reign of Satyashraya refers to the siege of the agrahara Kaldugu in the Belvola 300 by Desinga and the destruction of the forces because of the treachery of king Perggade.
- The inscription of Ballala recounts his victory as And by force, he, the strong one, defeated with cavalry only, and deprived of his sovereignty, the general Brahmana whose army was strengthened by an array of elephants and who acquired 60 tusked elephants with a single tuskless elephant, when, on account of an insult, he was tearing the royal fortune from the family of the Kalachuris of Kalyani.
- Printing and hand looms are the primarily main business. Majority of population dependent on agriculture.
- Trikuteshwara temple complex has triple shrines, once housing Shiva, Brahma and Surya. The Saraswathi temple has the finest shining decorative pillars, and the Saraswathi image, and is one of the largest examples of Chalukya art.
Someshwara and Rameshwara temples, built in the Chalukya style, are also present.
- Veeranarayana temple dates from the Chalukya era. The great Kannada poet Kumara Vyasa composed his famous Mahabharatha (known as Kumaravyasa Bharata or Gadugina Bharata) in this temple.
- A 111-foot statue of Basaveshwara at the Bhishma Lake is not the tallest statue in the world. Here is the List of statues by height in the World.
- Gadag also has a mosque dating from the Adilshahi era and a church. Betageri has many artistic hero stones dating from the ninth and tenth centuries.
- Durga devi tree, divotional tree worshipped by people near to ksrtc depot betageri. The tree called " Dandin durga devi". The story told about the tree from british rule.
- Visit nearest famous tourist places like Lakkundi, Mahadeva Temple (Itagi), Lakshmeshwar and Dambal.
- Magadi Bird Sanctuary - It is one of the Biodiversity hotspots of Karnataka.
- Binkadakatti Zoo - A Biggest Zoo set up in North Karnataka.
- Kumara Vyasa - Gadag immediately brings to mind the name of Naranappa, popularly known as Kumara Vyasa, the author of Karnata Bharata Kathamanjari. It is the classic Mahabharata in Kannada. Naranappa was born in the nearby village of Koliwada. He composed his work sitting before Lord Veera Narayana, his chosen deity. The temples of Veera Narayana and Trikuteshwara are places of religious and historic importance.
- Ganayogi Panchakshara Gawai, visually challenged singer from Gadag. His music school Veereshwara Punyashrama  is a renowned institution in north Karnataka.
- Puttaraj Gawai, recipient of the "Padma Bhushan" Award from Govt Of India, visually challenged Indian musician (classical Hindustani tradition), scholar, music teacher and social servant. A student of Ganayogi Panchakshara Gawai (above). He headed the Veereshwara Punyashrama until he died in late 2010.
- Bhimsen Joshi, Hindustani singer, recipient of the Bharat Ratna Award - Highest Civilian Honour of India
- Pt Rajguru Guruswami Kalikeri, Writer/Musician, senior disciple of Pt. Puttaraja Gavai, recipient of the Karnataka State 2003 Award Karnataka Kalashree 2014 Award Jugadguru Renukacharya Award
- Sunil Joshi, cricketer, born in Gadag.
- Huilgol Narayana Rao, writer of "Udayavagali namma cheluva kannada nadu" the anthem which heralded the birth of Karnataka state.
- Vijay Sankeshwar, businessman, founder of VRL Group, Vijaya Karnataka newspaper and Vijayavani.
- Vilas Nilgund, runner, who represented India in 100 metre sprint, and 4x100 metre.
This is also the land of great freedom fighters like Huilgol Narayana Rao and Shankar Rao Kampli who along with other freedom fighters founded "Azad Hind Seva Dal" which contributed a lot to the nations struggle for freedom.
- Girmit - Made with puffed rice, this is a mandatory snack for the visitors of Gadag, People of all age groups love this snacks.
- Brinjal and Chilly Bhajji which is available opposite to Tontadarya Math are mind blowing and mesmerizing.
- Savaji restaurants are very famous for NON-VEG cuisine.
As of 2011[update] India census, Gadag-Betageri had a population of 172,813. Males constitute 86,165 of the population and females 86,648. Gadag-Betageri has an average literacy rate of 85.56%. The Sex ratio is about 1006 feamles per 1000 males to females. 18,419 of the population is under 6 years of age.
Hubli Airport is the nearest airport, which is about 60 km from Gadag, And future plans are running from Karnataka Government to set up A small Airport in Gadag to serve for the twin city Of Gadag-Betageri, It will be named As Gadag Airstrip
Gadag comes under the South Western Railway zone of the Indian Railways, Gadag is a Junction station on Hubli-Hospet-Guntukal railway line. It connects to Hotgi junction on Pune-Solapur-Wadi railway line. Major tourist centres like Badami and Bijapur lie on the Gadag-Hotgi railway line. The Gadag-Hotgi railway track was converted from metre gauge to broad gauge in stages and completed in December 2008.
Gadag buses & Trains
- Gadag -Pandharpur (Newly announced in Railway Budget 2014-15)
- Bangalore-Hubli Hampi Express
- Tirupati-Kolhapur Haripriya Express
- Bangalore-Solapur Golgumbaz Express
- Hyderabad-Kolhapur Express
- Solapur-Hubli Express
- Howrah-Vasco Amaravathi Express
- Vijayawada-Hubli Express
- Mysore-Shirdi Express
- Yesvantpur-Ahmedabad Express
- Yesvantpur-Ajmer Express
- Yesvantpur-Jodhpur Express
- Hubli - Secunderabad Express
- Gadag is well connected by roads to all major cities like Hubli, Bellary, Bangalore, Hospet & Bijapur. NH-63 Passes through the city.
- Three-wheeled auto-rickshaws locally called Tum-Tum are major local transport.
Gadag has been a renowned centre of learning, with numerous schools, colleges for engineering, medicine and management studies.
- "In search of Indian records of Supernovae" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- "Kalyani Chalukyan & chanakya temples". Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- "CHAPTER 9. THE CALUKYAS AND THE KALACURYAS OF KALYANI. HISTORY – ANCIENT PERIOD, Chalukya" (PDF). Retrieved 10 March 2009.
- "Karnataka News : Process on to identify land for Gadag airport: Sriramulu". The Hindu. 2008-08-16. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Gadag" www.nkpost.kar.nic.in. Retrieved September 9, 2012
- Parvathi Menon "A movement for music" Frontline, frontlineonnet.com. Volume 22, Issue 12, June 4–17, 2005. Retrieved September 9, 2012
- "Shri Ganayogi Panchakshara Gawai". Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- Amaresh Datta (2006). The Encyclopaedia Of Indian Literature (Volume Two) (Devraj To Jyoti) (Volume 2 ed.). Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi. p. 1585. ISBN 81-260-1194-7. Retrieved September 9, 2012. Note: Google Book link
- "Islamabad-bound athletes named" Deccan Herald(on-line), March 21, 2004. Retrieved September 9, 2012
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
1. SAMAVASARAN (Research Articles-2015), Dr. Appanna N. Hanje, Vidyashree Prakashan, Alagawadi. 2. LAKKUNDIY BASADIGALU (2015), Dr. Appanna N. Hanje, Vidyashree Prakashan, Alagawadi.
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