Gadarwara

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Gadarwara
city
Gadarwara is located in Madhya Pradesh
Gadarwara
Gadarwara
Location in Madhya Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 22°55′N 78°47′E / 22.92°N 78.78°E / 22.92; 78.78Coordinates: 22°55′N 78°47′E / 22.92°N 78.78°E / 22.92; 78.78
Country  India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Narsinghpur
Government
 • Type Local government
 • Body Municipality
Area
 • Total 320 km2 (120 sq mi)
Elevation 342 m (1,122 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 45,344
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 487551
Telephone code 07791
Vehicle registration 49
Website

www.gadarwara.com

www.gadarwaranagarpalika.org

Gadarwara is a city and a municipality since 1867 in Narsinghpur district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India with the 2011 population of 45,344. Gadarwara was once known as Gadariya Kheda, and the whole area as Gadarwara Pargana, because there was a large population of Gadariya, who were sheep and goat farmers.

Goddess Bijasen Temple, Badi Mata Temple, Jain Temple and few Islamic Shrines are present in the cities. The city's major temple, Damru Ghaanti, with its large statue of Shiva and Shivalinga, receives thousands of devotees each year for the festival of Mahashivaratri.

Gadarwara is the childhood home of Osho (Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh) and has become a tourist destination for American, Australian and European pilgrims as well as Indians. There is a small ashram and a few spots associated with his early life.

Local administration[edit]

In 1901, The town was the headquarter of the District in the time of the Maratha Empire with a population of 6,198. Gadarwara was created a municipality in 1867 under the British Raj and Police Thana and Tehsildar were appointed during the British Raj.

Current setup includes the following
Local governance
There are 24 wards in Gadarwara municipality and the Nagar Palika Adhyaksha (Mayor) is the chief of the municipality.

Civil administration
There are Sub-Divisional Magistrate and Tehsildar office.

Law and order
Gadarwara Police Thana with the office of the Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP). In addition, there is also a Railway police Thana of Railway Protection Force.

Judiciary: There is an office of the Civil Judge.

Geography[edit]

Gadarwara Damaru Ghati Inner Shiv Ling

Gadarwara is located at 22°55′N 78°47′E / 22.92°N 78.78°E / 22.92; 78.78.[1] It has an average elevation of 354.77 metres (1163 feet).

Gadarwara lies on the main road from Jabalpur to Mumbai (Bombay) 30 miles west of Narsinghpur civil station. 50 km away, the beautiful hill station of Panchmari draws visitors from all over India.

The Shakkar River flows through it rendering the surrounding farmland fertile. The larger Narmada River is 12 km away.

Demography[edit]

In 1901, town population was 6,198 under the Maratha Empire. Population rose to 25,529 in 1991, 37,861 in 2001 and 45,344 in 2011.[2]

Economy and industry[edit]

Historical trade in grain, cotton and cloth[edit]

Historically the town has manufactured and dyed cotton cloth, and functioned as a center of trade in grain and cotton from Eastern Bhopal, Bhilsa, Sagar and elsewhere, exporting salt, crude sugar and piece-goods, particularly brass and bell-metal vessels made at Chichli.

Center of pulse production[edit]

Gadarwara is famous for production of pulses and has approximately ninety production mills: most varieties of lentils are available in this small town. Sugarcane is also produced in the area.[citation needed]

Economy of coal mines[edit]

A large coal mine known as Gotetoria is found some 15 km from the city. A railway station is situated 2 miles south of the town centre, whence a branch railway runs to the Mohpani coal-fields 14 miles farther south-south-east in the gorge by which the Chita-Rewa leaves the Satpura table-land.

Power generation: Gadarwara Super Thermal Power Plant[edit]

NTPC (national thermal power corporation) is building an 800*4=3200 MW Ultra Super-Critical Coal Based Thermal Power Plant spread over 900 acres near Gangai & Umaraiya villages in Gadarwara Tehsil.

Coal requirement of 7.5 MTPA (Million Tons Per Annum) which will be obtained from the North Karanpura Coalfield. Water requirement of 32 Cusec will be met from the Narmada River.

The project was awarded to Bharat Heavy Electricals (BHEL) that started on April 2013 and is expected to be completed by 2016 (In 42 months from zero date).

History[edit]

Stone Age[edit]

Gadarwara is having many historical Rocks, which are being revered, from time to time during various archeological surveys. According to Gazetteer published by the district in the district of Narsinghpur, about 10 km away from Gadarwara, village called 'Bhatera' certain "Fossil of animals " & apparatus mode of said stones are found during various surveys.

One other archeological surveys found "Fossil of animals " near the Gadarwara railway bridge at the time of building the bridge.

Up to 10th CCE[edit]

During the 2nd CCE this area was under the rule of the Satvahans dynasty. Form 4th century the area was under the Gupta Empire, during which King Samudra Gupta succeed extending the areas of his Kingdom in Central India & Western part of India. In 6th Century there are certain indications of Padi Kingdom.

14th Century till 18th Century: Gond dynasty[edit]

During 14th century the area was part of Gond dynasty. This dynasty (1400–1541) came to existence by Yadav Rao who laid the foundation of a strong Kingdom at a place called Garha-Katanga & started a process of strong mighty rule. One of the rulers Sangram Shah had established 52 Garh (forts).

The fort of Chouragarh, also known as Chougan, is situated around 20 km from Gadarwara. The fort was constructed by Sangram Shah, which is still an evidence of bravery of Veerarayan – The son of Rani Durgawati.

At the fort of Chouragarh, Asif Khan trapped prince Veer Narayan & killed him by his Cunning tactics. Thus Garha Katanga come under control of Mugals in 1564.

18th Century to 19th Century: Maratha Empire[edit]

In 1785, Mudhoji II Bhonsle purchased the area of Mandla & Narmada ghati and the name "Gadarwara" came into use, that time. This area was under pressure of army rule during the reign of Raghuji Bhonsle, Nawab of Bhopal & Pindari' s due to unsuitability & other problems, the common people were extremely exploited. This period also known as period of problems & unsuitability. Paloha was the headquarters of Pindari Sardars, Chitu & Karim Khan during this period.

A small fortress on the river bank was built by a family of Gond Rajputs in the early days of Maratha rule.

As per records, the town was the capital of the District in the time of the Marathas with a 1901 population of 6,198.

1818 till 1947: British Raj[edit]

After the Battle of Sitaburdi in 1818, this area come under the control of British Raj. In this period the area was known as Gadarwara pargana. In 1818 British army captured fort of Chouragarh & in 1830 the control of this area was given to a committee. During British rule the Administration of this area was further improved & in 1836 the area was partitioned & was merged in Hoshangabad district.

Gadarwara was created a municipality in 1867. The municipal receipts during the decade ending 1901 averaged Rs. 19,000. In 1903-4 the income was Rs. 33,000, derived principally from Octroi. Gadarwara was the largest exporting station in the District for the local products oil and grain. Various handicrafts, such as weaving, dyeing, shoe-making and pottery were carried on in the town, but are in a depressed condition. A cotton-ginning factory was erected with a capital of Rs. 32,000, which disposed of cotton to the value of a lakh of rupees in 1902-3. Gadarwara had an English middle school and a dispensary. A police Thana and Tehsildar were appointed during British period.

Struggle for independence during the British Raj[edit]

As per the records this area was not much active in Struggle for Independence. There are few notable cases for struggle for independence. During the mass demonstration of satyagrah at Chichli in 1932, Mansharam & Gauradevi lost their lives during Police firing.

Post-1947 independence[edit]

When India got its independence in 1947 on 15 August, a new era started in this town. After 9 years of independence, when states were reorganized on the basis of languages, Gadarwara once again became part of Narsinghpur district.

Transport[edit]

Airways[edit]

Nearest Airport is Dumna Airport (Jabalpur Airport), Jabalpur (129 km) and Raja Bhoj Airport, Bhopal (209 km).

Roadways[edit]

Gadarwara is located on the MP SH 22 (Sandalpur – Nasrullanganj – Hoshangabad – Piparia – Gadarwara – Narsinghpur – Jabalpur – Dindori) and MP SH 44 (Gairatganj – Silwani – Udaipura – Saikheda – Gadarwara). The buses from & to Jabalpur, Bhopal, Indore, Chhindwara, Narsinghpur, Kareli, Sagar, Pipariya, Hoshangabad are available.

Railways[edit]

Gadarwara has very well connectivity with the rail network of India, located between Mumbai-Allahabad Rail Route, Many trains running between Mumbai, Jabalpur, Allahabad has stoppage at Gadarwara Railway Station.

Gadarwara railway station is under the Jabalpur railway division of West Central Railway zone. In 1869–71, brothers, Ladhha Bharmal Chawda & Ramji Bharmal Chawda of Chandiya were the Main Contractors for Great Indian Peninsula Railway; who built 153 miles long railway track from Itarsi to Jabalpur. The station of Gadarwara along with Bagra Tawa, Sohagpur, Pipariya, Kareli were also built by them. With completion of this line in 1871, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway got connected with East Indian Railway network with Jubbulpore (Jabalpur) as the Junction.

Gadarwara has very well connected by Indian Railways, with the facility of daily running trains for New Delhi (capital of India), Mumbai, Kolkata, Bhopal (capital of Madhya pradesh), Indore, Jabalpur, Itarsi, Gwalior, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Goa, Coimbatore Junction and several other places of india. The nearest junction is Itarsi (117 km), one of the biggest junction in India and several trains are passing from this station (Itarsi) while going from North to south or east to west and another nearest is junction Jabalpur (129 km) which is also the zonal office of the west central rail zone.

Education[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Gadarwara
  2. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/india-madhyapradesh.php?cityid=2344004000