Gadjah Mada University
Universitas Gadjah Mada
|Motto||Locally rooted, globally respected|
|Rector||Prof. Ir. Panut Mulyono|
|Undergraduates||33,133 (as of 2016)|
|Postgraduates||15,637 (as of 2016)|
|Location||Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia|
|Campus||Urban, 882 acres (357 ha)|
|Affiliations||ASAIHL, AUN, AACSB Accredited, ASEA-UNINET|
Gadjah Mada University (Hanacaraka: ꦈꦤꦶꦥ꦳ꦼꦂꦱꦶꦠꦱ꧀ꦓꦗꦃꦩꦢ, Indonesian: Universitas Gadjah Mada; abbreviated as UGM) is a public research university located in Yogyakarta, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Officially founded on 19 December 1949, Gadjah Mada University is one of the oldest and largest institutions of higher education in the country. It has been credited as one of the most prestigious universities in Indonesia, along with the Bandung Institute of Technology and the University of Indonesia.
When the university was established in the 1940s under Dutch rule, it was the first medicine faculty freely open to native Indonesians, at a time when native education was often restricted.
Comprising 18 faculties and 27 research centers, UGM offers 68 undergraduate, 23 diploma, 104 master and specialist, and 43 doctorate study programs. The university has enrolled approximately 55,000 students, 1,187 foreign students, and has 2,500 faculty members. UGM maintains a campus of 882 acres (357 ha), with facilities that include a stadium and a fitness center.
The university is named after Gajah Mada, a 14th century leader of the Majapahit Empire of Java, considered by some historians to be the nation’s first unifier; the university’s name still reflects the old Dutch-era spelling.
- 1 History
- 2 Main buildings
- 3 Faculties and schools
- 4 Research centers
- 5 Achievements
- 6 Student life
- 7 Yogyakarta Principles
- 8 Notable alumni
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
UGM was the first state university in Indonesia, established as Universiteit Negeri Gadjah Mada (UNGM) when Indonesia was still facing threats from the Netherlands, who wanted to regain control. At the time, the capital of Indonesia had moved from Jakarta to Yogyakarta.
UGM was established through Government Regulation (PP) No. 23 of 1949, regarding the merger of colleges to form a university. Although the regulations were dated 16 December, UGM's inauguration took place on 19 December, intentionally chosen to coincide with the anniversary of the Dutch invasion of the city of Yogyakarta, exactly one year prior on 19 December 1948. The intentional date was meant to show that one year after the Netherlands had invaded the city, the government would establish a nationwide university there.
From 1952 until 1972, the Faculty of Law, Social and Political Sciences was split into two faculties: the Surabaya branch of the Faculty of Law, Social, and Political Sciences; and the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, which was integrated into IKIP Yogyakarta (now Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta).
During its initial years of Dutch resistance, the university taught literature and law in the buildings and other facilities belonging to the palace of Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, who volunteered his palace for the university’s use. UGM gradually established a campus of its own in Bulaksumur, on the northern side of Yogyakarta, and now occupies an area of three square kilometres.
The UGM main building is called the Balairung (rectorate building), in Sleman. Nearby is the Graha Sabha Pramana, a large building utilized for graduation ceremonies, with an adjoining square used for sport and recreation. There is also a university library and a sports center, consisting of a stadium, tennis court, and basketball field.
Faculties and schools
- Faculty of Agricultural Technology
- Faculty of Agriculture
- Faculty of Animal Science
- Faculty of Biology
- Faculty of Cultural Sciences (Arts and Humanities)
- Faculty of Dentistry
- Faculty of Economics and Business
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Forestry
- Faculty of Geography
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Philosophy
- Faculty of Psychology
- Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
- Faculty of Veterinary Science
- Graduate School of UGM
- Vocational School
Faculty of Medicine
The Faculty of Medicine at Universitas Gadjah Mada is one of the oldest medical schools in Indonesia, having been established on 5 March 1946. It is ranked number 72 by the Times Higher Education Supplement 2006 for biomedicine.
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
- Faculty of Cultural Sciences
- Faculty of Social and Political Sciences
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Economics and Business
- Faculty of Psychology
International Medicine Programme
In 2002, UGM began offering an English-language-based medicine programme for overseas and Indonesian students to study medicine with an international standard curriculum. The International Medicine Programme is over five years, with the first three and a half years being study and a further one and a half years of clinical rotations. The programme is designed around a problem based learning approach, making use of small study groups.
Computer Science International Undergraduate Programme
CSIUP began in the 2012 academic year. It offers undergraduate computer science classes in English. It teaches algorithm and software design, intelligent systems, programmable logic and embedded systems, and mobile computing. The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences has been teaching Computer Science courses since 1987 (BSc), 2000 (MSc), and 2003 (PhD), organized jointly by the Department of Mathematics and the Department of Physics, which has also offered courses in Electronics and Instrumentation since 1987 (BSc). In 2010, the Department of Computer Science and Electronics (DCSE) was formed by merging Computer Science resources within the Department of Mathematics with the Electronics and Instrumentation group within the Department of Physics. Students of DCSE have won gold medals in robotics competitions both nationally and internationally (in Korea in 2012 with a humanoid robot, and in the USA in 2013 with a legged robot).
UGM has 27 university-level research centers:
- Center for Agro Ecology Studies
- Center for Asia and Pacific Studies
- Center for Biological Control Studies
- Center for Biotechnology Studies
- Center for Clinical Pharmacology and Medicine Policy Studies
- Center for Cultural Studies
- Center for Economic and Democracy Studies
- Center for Economic and Public Policy Studies
- Center for Energy Studies
- Center for Environmental Studies
- Center for Food and Nutrition Studies
- Center for German Studies
- Center for Japanese Studies
- Center for Land and Resources Studies
- Center for Marine Resource and Technology Studies
- Center for Natural Disasters Studies
- Center for Pancasila (State Ideology) Studies
- Center for Population and Policy Studies
- Center for Regional Planning and Development Studies
- Center for Rural and Regions Studies
- Center for Security Studies and Peace
- Center for Southeast Asian Social Studies
- Center for Tourism Studies
- Center for Transportation and Logistics Studies
- Center for Women Studies
- Center for World Trade Studies
- Research Center for Engineering Science
UGM maintains the Integrated Research and Testing Laboratory (LPPT), which is the university’s central laboratory.
In 2013, the chemistry undergraduate program received accreditation from the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) in the United Kingdom, the largest European-based international organization devoted to the advancement of chemical science. The first such international accreditation received by the university, it is effective from 5 March 2013 until March 2018.
- 1st place winner of Fire-Fighting category, 1st place winner of Stand Balancing, and 2nd place winner of Walker Challenge, Robogames competition, USA 2012
- 3rd Best Memorial Award Asia Cup 2012. International Law Moot Court Competition Asia Cup 2012, Japan
- The Best Technical Innovation Award for eSemar Xperimental, Shell Eco-Marathon (SEM) 2011, Malaysia
- Winner of Outstanding Achievement in 62nd Intel International Science and Engineering Fair – China Association for Science and Technology 2011 in Los Angeles
- 1st winner of Creative Robot, The 13th International Robot Olympiad 2011, Indonesia
- The Standard Commercial Movie Category Award, 7th GATSBY Student CM Award
UGM organizes a community service called KKN-PPM, which is obligatory for undergraduate students. KKN-PPM is a research-based community service offered three times each academic year, in the middle of both the odd semester and even semester and between these two semesters. Not only local students joining the KKN, but also international academicians, including lecturers and students, are involved in KKN-PPM UGM. In 2011, 150 international students participated in KKN-PPM, coming from many countries, such as South Korea, Australia, France, the USA and Norway.
The Sports Activities Unit is coordinated by the Secretariat of Joint Sports, and the Arts Unit is coordinated by the Joint Secretariat of Arts.
Sports activities include swimming, diving, inkai karate, kenpō, the Indonesian martial art pencak silat (including the variants of pencak silat merpati putih, self periasi pencak silat, pencak silat pro patria, and pencak silat setia hati terate), taekwondo, judo, hockey, soccer, softball, volleyball, basketball, athletics, equestrian, bridge, badminton, chess, and tennis.
Arts activities include Arts Gaya Yogyakarta (Swagayugama), Art Style Surakarta, Balinese dance, creative dance, photography, Gamma Band, marching band, ‘’keroncong’’, student choir, theatre, and others arts.
Other activities include Publisher Student Press Agency, Mapagama, Student Health Unit, Scout, Satmenwa, Cooperative Students "Kopma UGM", and AIESEC.
Spirituality activities include the Unit of Islamic Spirituality (Jama'ah Shalahuddin), Unit of Catholic Spirituality, Christian Spirituality Unit, Hindu Spirituality Unit, Buddhism and Spiritual Unit.
Reasoning activities include the Interdisciplinary Unit of Scientific Reasoning, Gama Scholar Reasoning Unit, and English Debating Society.
UGM Campus Mosque is a mosque owned by UGM and situated within its campus. It was designed entirely by the students of UGM Architecture Engineering department. It holds maximum capacity of 10,000 pilgrims, making it one of the largest mosques in Southeast Asia.
Madya Stadium, the softball/baseball field, and the tennis courts are located in the valley of UGM. The stadium can be used for football, athletics, hockey, and other activities. These facilities are available to UGM students, staff and the public.
The Student Center Hall is used for sports activities such as basketball, volleyball, badminton, and martial arts, and for exhibitions and artistic performances.
The open field in the valley of UGM can be used for musical performances or other student activities that require a wide open space.
The Yogyakarta Principles, a set of principles launched in Geneva, Switzerland intended to apply international human rights law guidelines for the human rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, were developed at Gadjah Mada University.
However, Yogyakarta communities, civil societies and the Sultanate of Yogyakarta have never approved that their official name as symbolic identity of the Monarchy, the Special Administrative Region and Yogyakarta people, are being taken advantage as a lobbying tools for this objective. The principles deemed against the Constitution of Indonesia and Pancasila ideology. There are efforts and indications by House of Representatives (DPRD) as well as Islamic and religious groups, backed by public prosecutors, Human Rights groups and NGOs that they will pursue comprehensive and large-scale legal actions based on international treaties against groups which are manipulating Human Rights principles by using the name Yogyakarta Principles.
- Sukadji Ranuwihardjo – Rector of Gadjah Mada University (1973–1981)
- Pratikno – Rector of Gadjah Mada University (2012–2014), current Minister of State Secretariat
- Anies Baswedan – Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia (2014–2016), academician, current Governor of Special Capital City District of Jakarta
- J Soedrajad Djiwandono – Governor of the Central Bank of Indonesia (1993–1998), Junior Minister of Trade (1988–1993)
- Siti Fadillah Supari – Minister of Health (2004–2009), cardiologist
- Ryan Thamrin – host of Dr. Oz Indonesia
- Dewa Made Beratha – Governor of Bali (1998–2008)
- Boediono – Vice President of Indonesia (2009–2014), former Coordinating Minister for Economic Affairs, former Governor of the Central Bank of Indonesia
- Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X – 10th and current Sultan of Yogyakarta, Governor of the modern Yogyakarta Special Region
- Retno Marsudi – current Minister of Foreign Affairs, former Indonesian Ambassador to the Netherlands (2012–2015)
- Jahja Muhaimin – former Education Minister of Indonesia
- Fadel Muhammad – Vice President of ASEAN Business Forum, Governor of Gorontalo (2001–2006)
- Amien Rais – former leader of Muhammadiyah
- Abdul Rahman Saleh – Attorney General of Indonesia
- Budiman Sudjatmiko – politician
- Ben Mang Reng Say - politician, founder and rector of Atma Jaya Catholic University
- Joko Widodo – President of Indonesia, former Governor of Jakarta, former Mayor of Surakarta
- Ahmad Wahib – progressive Islamic intellectual
Arts and culture
- Sapardi Djoko Damono – poet, professor at University of Indonesia
- Artika Sari Devi – Puteri Indonesia 2004 and Top 15 Miss Universe 2005 in Bangkok, Thailand
- Helmi Johannes - Voice of America (VOA) Indonesia Executive Producer (2005–present)
- Umar Kayam – author and former President of Jakarta Art Institute
- Kuntowijoyo – historian, author
- Eka Kurniawan - author, first Indonesian nominated for the Man Booker International Prize
- Emha Ainun Nadjib - poet, public speaker
- Jakob Oetama - founder of Kompas & CEO of Kompas Gramedia
- Susanto Pudjomartono - second chief editor of The Jakarta Post (1991–2003), Ambassador to Russia (2003–2008)
- Willibrordus S. Rendra – poet, lyricist, dramatist, and stage writer
- Putu Wijaya – novelist
Science and technology
- Teuku Jacob – Palaeoanthropologist, physician, anatomist
- Herman Johannes – Rector, scientist, former Minister of Public Works (1950–1951)
- Mohammad Sadli – Minister of Mineral Resources (1973–1978), Minister of Labor (1971–1973), Professor of Economics at University of Indonesia
- Lolo Soetoro – Geographer and stepfather of Barack Obama, the 44th President of the United States.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gadjah Mada University.|
- Education in Indonesia
- List of universities in Indonesia
- List of Gadjah Mada University people, including notable alumni
- Yogyakarta Principles
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- "The Board of Executive". Universitas Gadjah Mada. 4 September 2017. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
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- Richter, Max (2012). Musical Worlds in Yogyakarta. Leiden, Netherlands: KITLV Press (Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde — Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies). p. 160. ISBN 978-90-6718-390-1. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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Some Indonesian historians have considered Gajah Mada as the country's first real nation-builder. It is significant that Gadjah Mada University (using the Dutch-era spelling of Gajah Mada's name), established by the revolutionary Republic of Indonesia at Yogyakarta in 1946, was--and remains--named after him.
- Bland, Ben (25 June 2014). "Indonesia: The political outsider". Financial Times. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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- Tesoro, José Manuel (2004). The Invisible Palace: The True Story of a Journalist's Murder in Java (First ed.). Jakarta: Equinox Publishing. p. 41. ISBN 978-9799796479. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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- Endah, Sri Wahyu (18 July 2011). "Strategy of UGM To Become the Best in Technical Innovation in Shell Eco-marathon (SEM) Asia 2011" (Press release). Shell Indonesia. Retrieved 26 March 2017.
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- Corrêa, Sonia Onufer; Muntarbhorn, Vitit. "Introduction to the Yogyakarta Principles". Yogyakarta Principles. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
A distinguished group of human rights experts has drafted, developed, discussed and refined these Principles. Following an experts’ meeting held at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, Indonesia from 6 to 9 November 2006, 29 distinguished experts from 25 countries with diverse backgrounds and expertise relevant to issues of human rights law unanimously adopted the Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Human Rights Law in relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity.
- Narrain, Arvind; Patel, Pooja (2 November 2016). "The Yogyakarta Principles on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity: Establishing the Universality of Human Rights". International Service for Human Rights. Retrieved 8 August 2017.
Ten years ago, a distinguished group of human rights experts from around the world came together at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. They met to provide victims of human rights violations based on sexual orientation and gender identity (SOGI) an authoritative legal tool with which to seek justice and protection. The outcome is perhaps the most significant international legal development in SOGI history.