Gadolinium(III) nitrate

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Gadolinium(III) nitrate
Gadolinium nitrate.png
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.030.385
Molar mass 343.26 g/mol
Appearance White crystalline solid
Density 2.3 g/cm3
Melting point 91 °C (196 °F; 364 K)
Safety data sheet External MSDS
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Gadolinium(III) nitrate is an inorganic compound of gadolinium. It is used as a water-soluble neutron poison in nuclear reactors.[1] Gadolinium nitrate, like all nitrates, is an oxidizing agent.


Gadolinium nitrate was used at the Savannah River Site heavy water nuclear reactors and has to be separated from the heavy water for storage or reuse.[2][3] The Canadian CANDU reactor, a pressurized heavy water reactor, also uses gadolinium nitrate as a water-soluble neutron poison in heavy water.

Gadolinium nitrate is also used as a raw material in the production of other gadolinium compounds, for production of specialty glasses and ceramics and as a phosphor.


  1. ^ DOE Fundamentals Handbook: Nuclear Physics and Reactor Theory (PDF). U.S. Department of Energy. January 1993. p. 31. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  2. ^ E. Wilde; C. Berry. "Novel Method for Removing Gadolinium from Used Heavy Water Reactor Moderator". 
  3. ^ E.W. Wilde; M.B. Goli; C.J. Berry; J.W. Santo Domingo; H.L. Martin. "Novel Method for Removing Gadolinium from Used Heavy Water Reactor Moderator" (PDF). 
Salts and covalent derivatives of the Nitrate ion
LiNO3 Be(NO3)2 B(NO3)4 C N O FNO3 Ne
NaNO3 Mg(NO3)2 Al(NO3)3 Si P S ClONO2 Ar
KNO3 Ca(NO3)2 Sc(NO3)3 Ti(NO3)4 VO(NO3)3 Cr(NO3)3 Mn(NO3)2 Fe(NO3)3,
Ni(NO3)2 Cu(NO3)2 Zn(NO3)2 Ga(NO3)3 Ge As Se Br Kr
RbNO3 Sr(NO3)2 Y Zr(NO3)4 Nb Mo Tc Ru Rh Pd(NO3)2 AgNO3 Cd(NO3)2 In Sn Sb(NO3)3 Te I Xe(NO3)2
CsNO3 Ba(NO3)2   Hf Ta W Re Os Ir Pt Au Hg2(NO3)2,
Pb(NO3)2 Bi(NO3)3
Po At Rn
FrNO3 Ra(NO3)2   Rf Db Sg Bh Hs Mt Ds Rg Cn Nh Fl Mc Lv Ts Og
La(NO3)3 Ce(NO3)3,
Pr Nd Pm Sm Eu(NO3)3 Gd(NO3)3 Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb Lu
Ac(NO3)3 Th(NO3)4 Pa UO2(NO3)2 Np Pu Am Cm Bk Cf Es Fm Md No Lr