Gadwal

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Gadwal
Chennakesava Swamy temple in Gadwal Fort
Chennakesava Swamy temple in Gadwal Fort
Gadwal is located in Telangana
Gadwal
Gadwal
Location in Telangana, India
Gadwal is located in India
Gadwal
Gadwal
Gadwal (India)
Coordinates: 16°14′N 77°48′E / 16.23°N 77.8°E / 16.23; 77.8Coordinates: 16°14′N 77°48′E / 16.23°N 77.8°E / 16.23; 77.8
CountryIndia
StateTelangana
RegionDeccan
DistrictJogulamba Gadwal
Founded byRaja Somanadri
Government
 • TypeGadwal municipal council
 • BodyTelangana Rastra Samithi
 • MLABandla Krishnamohan Reddy(TRS)
 • MPPothuganti Ramulu(TRS)
 • Collector & District MagistrateK.Shashanka IAS
 • District Superintendent of PoliceK.P.Laxmi Naik IPS
Area
 • Total33.46 km2 (12.92 sq mi)
Area rank1st in erstwile district (Mahaboobnagar)
Elevation324 m (1,063 ft)
Population
 • Total96,877[1]
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN
509125
Vehicle registrationTS-33
Websitetelangana.gov.in

Gadwal is a city and the district headquarters of Jogulamba Gadwal district in the Indian state of Telangana. It is located 188 km (117 mi) from the state capital Hyderabad and is a state assembly constituency. Gadwal historically served as the capital of Gadwal Samsthanam, a vassal of the Nizam of Hyderabad. Gadwal was previously a part of the Raichur region of Hyderabad-Karnataka.

Geography[edit]

Gadwal has an average elevation of 325 metres (1,066 ft). Gadwal's infrastructure includes a railway junction, river, government-owned land, a sub-collector office, national highway connectivity and brand image[clarification needed] in the country.

History[edit]

Somanadri

Gadwal developed around a fort built by the Gadwal ruler Somanadri, Gadwal Samsthanam, which was a vassal of the Nizam of Hyderabad. It was protected by Mallichetti vamshiyulu. The Nagi Reddy, known today as Nagappa, was an Ayngarashakulu[further explanation needed] of Gadwal Samsthanam (Raja Somanadri was a minor). He died in a war with Sultans. Nagappa was succeeded by Narsappa as Gadwal Samsthanam Ayngarashakulu, but had to leave the palace.[4][further explanation needed]

Demographics[edit]

The Gadwal Samsthanam had a population of 968,491 in 1901, consisting of Gadwal town and 214 villages covering an area of 2,240 square kilometres (864 sq mi).

As of 2001,[5] Gadwal had a population of 53,560. Males constituted 51% of the population and females 49%. 13% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Landmarks[edit]

Gadwal Fort is an imposing structure around which the old town sprawls. The fort houses several old temples, the most important of which is Sri Chennakesava Swamy. Another well-known temple, Jammulamma, is located west to the city.

The Priyadarshini Jurala Project is a large dam under construction (as of 2017) in Gadwal. It has almost 62 gates, and its generation capacity is 234 MW.[6]

Gadwal Saree[edit]

Gadwala is known for its handloom Jari chiralu (Gadwala sarees). It was registered as one of the geographical indication from Telangana by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.[7][8] They are most notable for the Zari on the saris. The sari consists of a cotton body with a silk pallu which called Sico saris. The weave is so light that the saree can be packed in a matchbox.[9] For Lord Venkateshwara Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam (TTD) Bramhotsavam starts with Gadwala-weaved Pattu Vastralu every year.[clarification needed]

Transportation[edit]

Signpost at Gadwal rail station
Auto-rickshaw stand outside Gadwal rail station

Rail[edit]

Gadwal has a rail junction connecting to other towns and cities, with more than 40 trains passing through daily. The railway station is on Secunderabad-Dhone section. Gadwal became connected by rail to Raichur, Karnataka, after commissioning of the new line on 12 October.[year needed] Gadwal railway station is planned to become a four-line connecting junction with the addition of a Gadwal-Macherla line.[citation needed] The Railway Department is requiring sufficient land to be used for new railway projects.

Road[edit]

Gadwal is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from National Highway 44 (formerly NH-7). A new national highway (Kothakota–Mantralayam) starts from Kothakota then reaches Gadwal, Ieeja, Gudur and Mantralayam. The newly sanctioned Yerravally–Raichur National highway also passes through Gadwal.[citation needed]

Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) runs bus services from Gadwal to major towns and villages.[citation needed]

Solar energy[edit]

With the Jurala Project, one of the most prestigious dams in India,[citation needed] 11 km (6.8 mi) away, the town has implemented solar energy for production of electricity.[further explanation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities, Towns and Outgrowth Wards". Citypopulation.de. Retrieved 19 September 2015.
  2. ^ "Elevation for Pedakurapadu". Veloroutes. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.
  4. ^ Gadwal Samthanam in Imperial Gazetteer
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  6. ^ "PRIYADARSHINI JURALA PROJECT". krmb.cgg.gov.in. Retrieved 11 September 2017.
  7. ^ "Geographical Indication". The Hans India. 23 January 2016. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  8. ^ "State Wise Registration Details of G.I Applications" (PDF). Geographical Indication Registry. p. 5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February 2016. Retrieved 28 January 2016.
  9. ^ S, Jayanthi (22 December 2012). "Gorgeous Gadwal". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2018.