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|Also called||National Foundation Day|
|Observed by||South Koreans|
|Significance||Celebrates the myth of the founding of the state of Gojoseon|
|Next time||3 October 2018|
Gaecheonjeol (Korean: 개천절, hanja: 開天節) is a public holiday in South Korea on 3 October. Also known by the English name National Foundation Day, this holiday celebrates the legendary formation of the first Korean state of Gojoseon in 2333 BC. This date has traditionally been regarded as the date for the founding of the "Korean race".
In 1909, Gaecheonjeol was enacted as a national holiday. At first, the holiday was observed on the third day of the 10th month on the lunar calendar, but it has been fixed on 3 October of the solar Gregorian calendar since 1949.
- Myers, Brian Reynolds (2011). "North Korea's state-loyalty advantage". Free Online Library. Archived from the original on 20 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
The race's legendary founding in 2333 BCE, on the other hand, is remembered on its own national holiday in October.
- 개천절(Gaecheonjeol) Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
- 개천절(Gaecheonjeol) Doosan Encyclopedia
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