Gaekwar's Baroda State Railway
The first rail tracks were laid during the reign of Sir Khanderao Gaekwad (1828–1870), the Maharaja of Baroda. In 1862, he inaugurated 8 miles (13 km) of a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) railway line from Dabhoi to Miyagam. Oxen were used to haul the train, although in 1863, Nielson & Co. built a locomotive to be operated on the line from Debhoi to Miyagram, as the 6.5 km/m rails were not suited for the regular use of an engine.
Later, during the rule of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the railway's network was further expanded. In 1873, the Dabhoi-Miyagam line (the first 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) line) was re-laid with stronger rails to allow locomotives to be used, rather than oxen. However, locomotives were not regularly used on the line until 1880. During the Maharaja's reign, a large narrow-gauge railway network was set, which extended to Becharaji and many other places in Baroda State, with Dabhoi as its focal point. The network is still the largest narrow-gauge railway network in the world.