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Gaelic is an adjective that means "pertaining to the Gaels". As a noun it refers to the group of languages spoken by the Gaels, or to any one of the languages individually. Gaelic languages are spoken in Ireland, Scotland, the Isle of Man, and Canada.


  • Goidelic languages or Gaelic languages, a linguistic group that is one of the two branches of the Insular Celtic languages; they include:
    • Primitive Irish or Archaic Irish, the oldest known form of the Goidelic (Gaëlic) languages.
    • Old Irish or Old Gaelic, used c. AD 600–900
    • Middle Irish or Middle Gaelic, used c. AD 900–1200
    • Irish language (Gaeilge), including Classical Modern Irish and Early Modern Irish, c. 1200-1600)
    • Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig), historically sometimes called Erse in Scots and English
      • Canadian Gaelic (Gàidhlig Chanada or A' Ghàidhlig Chanadach), a dialect of Scottish Gaelic spoken in Canada
    • Manx language (Gaelg or Gailck), Gaelic language with Norse elements

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