Gyeongbuk Line

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Gyeongbuk Line
Korail Gyeongbuk Line.png
Overview
Native name경북선(慶北線)
TypeHeavy rail, Passenger/freight rail
Regional rail
StatusOperational
LocaleNorth Gyeongsang
TerminiGimcheon
Yeongju
Stations12
Operation
OpenedStages between 1924 - 1966
OwnerKorea Rail Network Authority
Operator(s)Korail
Technical
Line length115.2 km (71.6 mi)
Number of tracksSingle track
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Route map
Gyeongbu from Gumi
0.0 Gimcheon
Gyeongbu to Yeongdong
20.0 Oksan
27.1 Cheongni
36.0 Sangju
44.4 Baegwon
55.8 Hamchang
60.0 Jeomchon
Mungyeong Line
66.9 Yonggung
73.3 Gaepo
85.0 Yecheon
101.6 Eodeung
Jungang to Andong
115.2 Yeongju
Jungang Line, Yeongdong Line
Gyeongbuk Line
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGyeongbukseon
McCune–ReischauerKyŏngbuksŏn
Southbound freight on the Gyeongbuk Line, south of Jeomchon Station

The Gyeongbuk Line is a railway line serving North Gyeongsang Province in South Korea. The line runs from Gimcheon on the Gyeongbu Line via Sangju, Yeomchon (junction with the Mungyeong Line), and Yecheon to Yeongju on the Jungang Line.

History[edit]

Construction of the line was begun by the privately owned Chosen Industrial Railway; however, before the line was finished, that company merged with five others to create the Chosen Railway (Chōtetsu) in 1923, and it was the new company which completed the first section of the line, opening the GimcheonSangju section on 1 October 1924, followed by the Sangju–Jeomchon section on 25 December.[1] Chōtetsu then extended the line in several stages, first reaching Yecheon on 1 November 1928, then reaching Gyeongbuk Andong on 16 October 1931; however, the latter section was dismantled in 1944 to use the material elsewhere as Japan's military faced material shortages during the Pacific War.[2] After the Liberation of Korea, the Chosen Railway was nationalised along with all other railways in the country.

Following the 1961 coup, the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction started South Korea's first five-year plan, which included a construction program to complete the railway network, to foster economic growth.[2] Under the program, the Gyeongbuk Line was extended to Yeongju, to create a connection both with the Jungang Line and the Yeongdong Line, allowing the transport of coal from the latter.[2] Work began in May 1962, the 28.9 km (18.0 mi) from Jeomchon to Yecheon was opened in January 1966, the 29.7 km (18.5 mi) from Yecheon to Yeongju was opened on 10 October 1966.[2] The complete line is 115.2 km (71.6 mi) long, and remains single-tracked and unelectrified.[1]

A 22.3 km (13.9 mi) long branch from Jeomchon to Mungyeong, the Mungyeong Line, was opened on 10 May 1969.[1]

Operation[edit]

As of 2010, the line is served by both passenger and freight trains along its entire length, as is the Mungyeong branch.[1] As of November 2010, the line is served by Mugunghwa cross-country trains from Busan and Dongdaegu, which travel in 2 hours 12 minutes from Gimcheon to Yeongju.[3]

Route[edit]

Station Hangul Hanja Connecting lines Station
distance
Line
distance
Gimcheon 김천 金泉 KTX logo.svg Gyeongbu HSR
Gyeongbu Line}}
0.0 0.0
Acheon 아천 牙川 closed 1994 7.7 7.7
Duwon 두원 杜院 closed 2006 5.1 12.8
Oksan 옥산 玉山 20.0 20.0
Cheongni 청리 靑里 7.1 27.1
Sangju 상주 尙州 8.9 36.0
Baekwon 백원 白元 8.4 44.4
Yangjeong 양정 楊亭 closed 2006 3.5 47.9
Hamchang 함창 咸昌 11.4 55.8
Jeomchon 점촌 店村 Mungyeong Line 4.2 60.0
Sanyang 산양 山陽 closed 2001 5.4 65.4
Yonggung 용궁 龍宮 6.9 66.9
Songam 송암 松岩 closed 1974 2.7 69.6
Gaepo 개포 開浦 6.4 73.3
Yulhyeon 율현 栗峴 closed 2001 3.4 76.7
Gadong 가동 佳洞 closed 2001 3.0 79.7
Yecheon 예천 醴泉 11.7 85.0
Dongyecheon 동예천 東醴泉 closed 1974 1.6 86.6
Gopyeong 고평 高坪 closed 2001
former Gyeongbuk Line
2.7 89.3
Misan 미산 眉山 closed 2001 4.5 93.8
Bomun 보문 普門 closed 2001 1.3 95.1
Jangsan 장산 獐山 closed 1974 3.2 98.3
Eodeung 어등 魚登 16.4 101.4
Miryong 미룡 美龍 closed 2001 4.0 105.6
Bangu 반구 盤邱 closed 2001 2.7 108.3
Yeongju 영주 榮州 Jungang Line
Yeongdong Line
13.6 115.0

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "경영원칙 > 경영공시 > 영업현황 > 영업거리현황". Korail. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
  2. ^ a b c d "철마 110년, 영고의 자취 [12] 경제개발과 철도" (in Korean). Silvernet News. 2010-03-20. Retrieved 2010-11-27.
  3. ^ "Booking". Korail. Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2010-11-30.

See also[edit]