Gagny

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Gagny
Gagny town hall
Gagny town hall
Coat of arms of Gagny
Paris and inner ring departments
Paris and inner ring departments
Location of Gagny
Gagny is located in France
Gagny
Gagny
Gagny is located in Île-de-France (region)
Gagny
Gagny
Coordinates: 48°53′00″N 2°32′00″E / 48.8833°N 2.5333°E / 48.8833; 2.5333Coordinates: 48°53′00″N 2°32′00″E / 48.8833°N 2.5333°E / 48.8833; 2.5333
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-Saint-Denis
ArrondissementLe Raincy
CantonGagny
IntercommunalityGrand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Rolin Cranoly[1]
Area
1
6.83 km2 (2.64 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
39,661
 • Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
93032 /93220
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Gagny (French pronunciation: [ɡaɲi] (listen)) is a commune in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 14.2 km (8.8 mi) from the center of Paris.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Gagny is located 10 km to the east of Paris. Until the law of 10 July 1964, the commune was part of the department of Seine-et-Oise. The redivision of the old departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oise then made this commune a part of Seine-Saint-Denis after an administrative transfer that went into effect 1 January 1968.

History[edit]

The priory was founded in the 11th century by Adela of Champagne. Gagny was the fiefdom of Étienne de Gagny, husband of Béatrice de Montfermeil in the 13th century. The priory lasted until 1771, the date de its suppression by the religious authority.

Gagny had several castles, of which the most important, demolished in 1765, belonged to Dominique de Ferrari, Maître d'hôtel ordinaire of the king in 1660. In this park can be found the Saint-Fiacre spring, which supplied water to the park of Raincy at the end of 18th century.

The castle of Maison-Rouge, in the Louis XIII style, was successively the property of Hocquart, marquis of Montfermeil, then in 1845, it belonged to Louis-Philippe, then in 1864 to Michel-Victor Cruchet, a sculptor and artisan from Paris. In 1894, some time after the death of his wife, Michel-Victor Cruchet and his two children sold the Maison Rouge estate to the religious community of the Redemptorists. The Redemptorists then set up a convent there. It was then bought in 1913 by the Boué sisters, dressmakers of renown. Upon the death of the second sister, in 1953, it was acquired by the city. It was devastated at the end of World War II, and the castle was demolished in 1955.

During the French Revolution, the church, after being shut down, was transformed into a Temple of Reason.

Gagny was occupied by Allied troops during 1814–1815, then by the Prussians during the siege of Paris of 1870.

On 20 May 1869, a small part of the territory of Gagny was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Livry-Gargan and a part of the territory of Clichy-sous-Bois to create the commune of Le Raincy.

During the First World War (1914-1918), the taxis requisitioned by Paris and its suburbs assembled in front of city hall. They were charged with taking soldiers to the Front (close to Nanteuil-le-Haudouin) for repulsing the German offensive.

Politics[edit]

Administrative and Electoral Unification[edit]

Until the law of 10 July 1964, the commune was part of the department of Seine-et-Oisne. After the redivision of the old departments of Seine and Seine-et-Oisne, the commune belonged to Seine-Saint-Denis. The transfer was put into effect 1 January 1968.

The commune is part of the canton of Gagny.

Twin towns[edit]

In 1974, Gagny became twinned with the English towns of Sutton and Bishop Auckland. In 1978, Gagny became twinned with Gladsaxe, Denmark.

Heraldry[edit]


Arms of Gagny
The arms of Gagny are blazoned :
Quarterly: 1 & 4: bendy Or and azure, 2 & 3: azure, a fleur de lys Or; overall on an inescutcheon gules, 3 automobile wheels argent.
motto: Exierunt mille ad victoriam (a thousand go out to victory)

Transport[edit]

Gagny is served by two stations on Paris RER line E: Gagny and Le Chénay – Gagny.

The city is also serviced by several bus lines. Additionally, a municipal shuttle is available for travelers. It follows two routes : the first services the southern part of the community, and the second services the north.

Population and Society[edit]

Demographics[edit]

In 2017, the commune recorded 39,358 inhabitants.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 828—    
1800 731−1.76%
1806 675−1.32%
1821 798+1.12%
1831 903+1.24%
1836 910+0.15%
1841 948+0.82%
1846 993+0.93%
1851 1,084+1.77%
1856 1,120+0.66%
1861 1,347+3.76%
1866 1,487+2.00%
1872 1,735+2.60%
1876 1,954+3.02%
1881 2,358+3.83%
1886 3,007+4.98%
1891 3,236+1.48%
1896 3,670+2.55%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 4,057+2.03%
1906 4,954+4.08%
1911 5,920+3.63%
1921 6,736+1.30%
1926 9,736+7.65%
1931 13,253+6.36%
1936 13,495+0.36%
1946 13,783+0.21%
1954 17,255+2.85%
1962 29,004+6.71%
1968 35,780+3.56%
1975 36,772+0.39%
1982 34,861−0.76%
1990 36,059+0.42%
1999 36,715+0.20%
2007 38,220+0.50%
2012 39,172+0.49%
2017 39,358+0.09%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE (1968-2017)[4]

Education[edit]

École primaire Lavoisier

Public primary schools in the commune include:

  • 9 preschools/nurseries (maternelles)[5]
  • 9 elementary schools[6]

Public secondary schools in the commune include:[7]

Private schools in the commune include:

  • Ecole Sainte Jeanne d'Arc and Association Merkaz Hatorah (preschools and elementary schools).[6][5]

Religion[edit]

Gagny is home to a number of religious groups, including Catholics, Jews, Muslims, Orthodox, and Protestants.

Catholic churches[edit]

  • Église Sainte-Thérèse de Gagny
  • Église Saint-Germain de Gagny
  • Église Sainte-Bernadette de Gagny (parish church)

Synagogues[edit]

  • Synagogue of Raincy-Villemomble-Gagny
  • Community of Merkaz Hatorah

Mosques[edit]

  • Association alqalam des Dahlias
  • Association As-Salam
  • Association ABCG

These three organizations are united by the Union of Associated Muslims of Gagny.

Orthodox churches[edit]

  • Saint-Séraphin de Saroy

Protestant churches[edit]

The Protestant community linked to the Reformed Church of France has a place of worship.

Economy[edit]

On the border of Raincy, old quarries where gypsum was removed since the seventeenth century are still visible. The exploitation of fine plaster, known as "Paris," was the main Gabonese industry until the 1950s. The old Mussat quarries closed down in 1965.

By the end of the nineteenth century, in certain abandoned quarries, mushrooms were already being grown in Paris.

The former gypsum quarries of Gagny were replaced by a large shopping center project, which itself was replaced by the wood of the star, a plantation of trees.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Gagny, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. ^ a b "écoles maternelles." Gagny. Retrieved on September 8, 2016.
  6. ^ a b "écoles élémentaires." Gagny. Retrieved on September 8, 2016.
  7. ^ "collèges et lycées." Gagny. Retrieved on September 8, 2016.

External links[edit]