Gaia (artist)

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Gaia (born 1988) is a Baltimore-based street artist, who is receiving significant museum showings and critical recognition.[1][2]

Born in New York City, his name derives from the Greek designation for "earth goddess," and early in his career he used animal imagery to underscore his interest in bringing nature to urban landscapes.[3] Over the last several years he has been creating large-scale murals worldwide to engage the community where he works in a dialogue by using historical and sociological references to these neighborhoods.[4]

Early work[edit]

External video
You can watch a video of Gaia creating one of his art works here

In 2007, while still in high school in New York, Gaia started wheat-pasting prints of his linoleum blocks in Bushwick, Williamsburg and Chelsea.[5] His images included children, whose features gave them an other-worldly quality.[1] His animals included a horse and boar,
both endowed with human hands and torsos. He participated in several successful shows in Bushwick at Ad Hoc Art.

According to the artist himself, much of his early work was inspired by a sense of looming environmental calamity. In 2011, he stated that
"I wanted to express this strange un-locatable feeling of fear about the end of the world - my generation’s zeitgeist of global warming."[3]

Baltimore[edit]

After graduating from high school in June 2007, Gaia moved to Baltimore and studied for four years at the Maryland Institute College of Art, where he broadened his iconography. For example, he included images of his grandfather, or a rooster holding the head of St. John the Baptist.[6][3]

External video
You can watch a video of Gaia creating one of his art works in Baltimore here.

Gaia also developed an interest in the evolution of urban neighborhoods. He began incorporating portraits of influential, and sometimes controversial urban developers: people such as Nelson Rockefeller, Robert Moses, Henry Flagler, James Rouse, Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe.

These men built highways, skyscrapers and housing projects. Collectively and irrevocably, they altered our perception of public space. For this reason, Gaia layered them into his urban murals.[7][3]

Career[edit]

2011[edit]

In March 2011 Gaia had two solo exhibitions in Chicago co-organized by Maxwell-Colette Gallery and Pawnworks, which included a large-scale installation in the Art Loop at Adams and State.[8]

In May 2011, the Jonathan LeVine Gallery in New York City presented Succession, a solo exhibition of Gaia's work.[9]

External video
You can watch a video of Gaia creating his Miami art works here

In the summer, Gaia created an edition of a raven titled Forevermore and donated it to
the Edgar Allan Poe House and Museum in Baltimore, which had lost its funding.
The Poe House is located in an area which includes subsidized housing.[10]

When a 50 foot-poster of Gaia’s image was wheat-pasted in the neighborhood, it became a photo-op location for local residents.[3] The image was also hung at Case[werks] Showroom & Gallery, for its own fundraising event.

In September 2011, Gaia was commissioned to create a mural for Wynwood Doors for Art Basel/Miami. He chose to do a portrait
of Henry Flagler, a railroad magnate who established the historically black neighborhood Overtown in central Miami.[11]

Gaia was one of the artists that took part in The Underbelly Project which exhibited at Art Basel/Miami.[12][13]

2012[edit]

Gaia curated Open Walls Baltimore (OWB) which was generously backed by the PNC Community Foundation and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts.[14][15] The mayor of Baltimore, Stephanie Rawlings-Blake, attended the March 6 launch party for the OWB project at The Windup Space.

Gaia created the first two murals for Open Walls Baltimore at the corner of Charles and North Avenue. Maya Hayuk created the third mural, and other artists who participated were Swoon, Chris Stain, MOMO, Freddy Sam, Jaz, Jetsonoarma, Overunder, Vhils, Nanook, Mata Ruda, Specter, Interesni Kaski, Ever, Doodles, John Ahearn and Sten & Lex.[16] In addition, discussion events included Monica Campana of Living Walls and Jane Golden of Philadelphia Mural Arts.[17][18]

These internationally renowned artists created public murals in the Station North Arts and Entertainment District as a quick pick-me-up for a transitional neighborhood that houses both young artists who attend the nearby Maryland Institute College of Art, and economically challenged long term residents. The mural project will be akin to one in Miami’s Wynwood district, going beyond the typical haphazard spray paint or wheatpaste to create an art destination.[18]

In September Gaia was invited to create a large installation at the Baltimore Museum of Art Contemporary Wing which reopened on November 17 after having been closed for several years for a major renovation. The project explored a recurring Gaia theme focusing on the residents of a neighborhood located near the BMA known as Remington. Eleven portraits of Remington residents float on a huge linoleum block print of rowhouses on one wall. On the opposite wall is another linoleum block print of rowhouses on which Gaia created a Gauguin-inspired portrait of a woman holding a mango.[19] Kristen Hileman, the museum's curator of contemporary art, said the museum sought to commission an installation by Gaia not only because of his artistic skills, but because of the social and political messages in his work and his mission to connect people in urban landscapes.[19]

2013[edit]

South African street artist Freddy Sam hosted Gaia, Know Hope and Jaz in January to create murals in Johannesburg and Cape Town. Gaia was also invited to participate in mural festivals in Montreal, Bushwick, Richmond, Rochester, Sheboygan and Vladivostok. Rice Gallery at Rice University, Houston, Texas which specializes in site-specific installations presented a solo exhibition titled Marshland for Gaia from September 26 through December 8 and commissioned a documentary film.[20][21][22]

External video
You can watch a 7 minute documentary on Gaia's exhibition at the Rice University Art Gallery here.

2014[edit]

In February Gaia participated in the 2014 Pow Wow Hawaii mural festival in Honolulu. This was Pow Wow's fourth year and Gaia was invited to create a mural and a painting whose images referenced Hawaii's pre-colonial culture. Andrew Hosne of Thinkspace was enlisted by event director Jasper Wong to curate an exhibit for the participants'paintings at the Honolulu Museum of Art School, titled Pow! Wow! Exploring the New Contemporary Art Movement.[23]

After returning from Hawaii, Gaia immediately went to work on curating the second Open Walls Baltimore festival in the Station North Arts District where he created his own mural on the side of a Korean rice cake factory on N Charles Street. There was some controversy with regard to the community reception and the under representation of female artists.[24]

Once Open Wall Baltimore 2 was underway, Gaia left for Perth, Australia to participate in a street art mural event called Public organized by the not for profit Form.[4]

After returning from Australia Gaia will be heading to Greenville, SC where he has been commissioned to create a mural for an event called Year of Altruism coinciding with the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht usually seen as the beginning of the Holocaust. The proposed design, with references to textile mills and a landscape with lilies, is meant to recognize the generosity of the altruistic people involved in the textile industry.[25]

2015[edit]

It has been an especially busy year for Gaia and he's been receiving well-deserved recognition for his work. He was named to the Forbes 30 Under 30 list for Art & Style.[26][27]

He was commissioned to create a mural installation at the Center for Civil and Human Rights in Atlanta, GA focusing on the hashtag #iftheygunnedmedown in response to how blacks are perceived in the media following the death of Mike Brown in Ferguson.[28][29]

The W Hotel DC commissioned Gaia to create murals inside their new restaurant Pinea.[30]

999Contemporary mounted a solo exhibition for the artist in Rome where he also created a mural for a public project in the Tormarancia neighborhood.[31]

Gaia was invited to speak on the Evolution of Street Art on a panel at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.[32]

The artist will be curating and painting murals at the 2015 O+ Festival in Kington, NY on October 9–11.[33]

After the O+ Festival, Gaia will have an installation at York College of Pennsylvania Galleries titled Perspectives on Peace.[34] The artist interviewed four local residents to create a video of each which will be shown in the center of the octagonal gallery with enlarged portraits of each painted on the perimeter walls. He will also participate in a panel discussion on October 14 with the curators prior to a reception.[35]

2016-17[edit]

Major commissions have sought out the talents of Gaia over the last year and a half. 999Contemporary secured a major mural commission for Gaia to execute at the Hotel Capannelle in Rome. The three murals titled "Mobility" cover the entire four story exterior of the hotel and depict a theme which couldn't possibly be more topical now than in Italy.[36]

After a successful mural project at the W DC Hotel's Pinea Restaurant, the designers were trying to hire Gaia for another W project, but it took years to come together since Starwood was bought out by Marriott and the entire design team left. There was a W Hotel being built in Bellevue WA and Gaia signed the contract and began the work for a three story triptych soaring up a staircase from the hotel entrance making it the first impression a guest would see. After 18 days of working on the a scaffold, the murals were completed one week before the hotel's official June 15, 2017 grand opening.[37]

Gaia headed overseas again for the next project which was also monumental. The Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia in Bogotà was celebrating the 50th anniversary of publication of Gabriel Garcia Marquez's novel prize winning novel One Hundred Years of Solitude. Gaia collaborated on the mamoth five story interior triptych in the central hall with Guache.[38]

Gaia's next international flight was back to Italy this time for the stART- Welcome to Pisa project. This was another 18 days of work on a scaffold. The mural covers the exterior wall of the Saint Gobain glass factory and depicts and reflects upon the history of labor in Italy (and the world) and the frightening effects of automation.[39]

In this period, Gaia was also part of a group of international contemporary street artists who were commissioned to pain New Delhi's streets in India. Gaia's paintings focused on Global Warming, and in particular the impact of low cost automobiles as well as container ships on the environment.[40]

Between these grueling mural projects of epic proportions, a new hotel the Sagamore Pendry in Gaia's hometown (on those rare occasions when he's not traveling to some far-flung exotic destination) of Baltimore commissioned the muralist to create a painting on canvas for their posh lobby lounge. The 10' x 12' canvas titled "The Hardest Needle to Thread" that Gaia delivered now hangs in Kevin Plank's $60 million brainchild and depicts a piece of Baltimore history with the image of Francis Scott Key and the hands of two women (one white and the other black) sewing the flag which flew over Fort McHenry during the War of 1812.[41]

Critical reception[edit]

Gaia has been an identified as a rising star in the art world, with solo exhibitions in New York City; Los Angeles; Washington, D.C.; Chicago; San Francisco; Miami; Baltimore; and Seoul, Korea.

In 2008, The New York Times announced that "among the names you’ll see again and again these days is Gaia...he’s an artist-of-the-moment, and prints of his that were for sale at a recent exhibition at Ad Hoc Art in Bushwick sold out."[1]

The Baltimore Sun declared him a "critically acclaimed emerging artist with gallery shows in Chicago, New York and Washington and street art from Madrid to Seoul."[2] The Baltimore Sun also noted that "Gaia never loses his playfulness or spontaneity," and hailed his "evolution into pieces that connect deeply to a defined city area. Even the transcendental figures take on new meaning."[7]

Grist Magazine hailed Gaia’s arrival "into the inner sanctum of the art world. Galleries from Washington, D.C., to Chicago, San Francisco, and L.A. have exhibited his work. In September, he spent several weeks in Miami, contributing a mural to Wynwood Walls."[3]

Urbanite Magazine noted that Gaia's art can be found in cities from San Francisco to Seoul, Korea. He has had numerous gallery shows exhibiting both his street art and his studio work. His prolific pace and sophisticated execution have earned him a spot in a recent anthology titled Beyond the Street: The 100 Leading Figures in Urban Art. His success is such that he is now straddling the line between street artist and gallery art star."[6]

Our Urban Times predicted that Gaia "will no doubt be part of the art establishment of tomorrow."[8]

Kristen Hileman, curator of contemporary art at the Baltimore Museum of Art, said "This is an artist who wasn’t just tagging things and doing a quick hit in an urban site," Hileman says. "This is a person engaged with the health of the city as an ecosystem and wanting to see the abandoned buildings of Baltimore used for a better purpose than they were."[19] She says that Gaia has the self-awareness to know that part of his role as an artist is to, like Gauguin, live in a culture that really isn't his own.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kugel, Seth. "Weekend in New York: Street Art - To the Trained Eye, Museum Pieces Lurk Everywhere - Travel". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Gaia unmasked: MICA-trained street artist identified by name on invitation for Poe House event". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Street artists see the city as their canvas". 12 October 2011. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Urban artists transform blank walls around Perth". 9 April 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  5. ^ "A Battle, on Billboards, of Ads vs. Art". The New York Times. 26 October 2009. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2012-02-29.
  7. ^ a b Sun, Baltimore. "After graduation, street artist Gaia takes flight". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Art or Illegal Act: Gaia, street artist, crosses Chicago's cultural boundaries". Our Urban Times. 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2016-10-09.
  9. ^ "GaiaSuccession - Jonathan Levine Gallery". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  10. ^ http://m.urbanitebaltimore.com/baltimore/help-comes-tapping/Content?oid=1448633
  11. ^ "Wynwood Walls: A gallery for urban street art in midtown Miami". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Street Art Way Below the Street". The New York Times. 1 November 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Your ultimate guide to New York". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-27. Retrieved 2012-03-07.
  15. ^ Judkis, Maura (17 May 2012). "Open Walls tags Baltimore's Station North district as an 'it' neighborhood". Retrieved 9 October 2016 – via washingtonpost.com.
  16. ^ "Try Some Crustaceans at These Top Crab Houses in Baltimore, Maryland". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Can big, bold murals bring value to Baltimore's many vacants?". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  18. ^ a b "Open Walls Baltimore: Street art to revitalize a neighborhood". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  19. ^ a b c d http://socialreader.com/me/channels/76421/content/KbH45
  20. ^ "New installation by street artist Gaia opens at Rice Gallery Sept. 26". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  21. ^ "Street Art « Walley Films Blog". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-16. Retrieved 2014-04-15.
  23. ^ "Street Art In A Museum? Pow Wow Hawaii Artists Get Some Respect". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  24. ^ Sun, Baltimore. "Open Walls Baltimore 2 sparks community dialogue". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  25. ^ http://greenvillenewssc.sc.newsmemory.com/publink.php?shareid=3b3500b15
  26. ^ Adams, Susan. "Gaia, 26 - pg.11". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  27. ^ "30 Under 30 2017". Forbes.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-11. Retrieved 2015-09-15.
  29. ^ "Things to Do in Atlanta - Discover Atlanta Events! - Atlanta PlanIt". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  30. ^ "street art by gaia « French Twist D.C." Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  31. ^ widewalls. "Gaia at 999Contemporary". Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  32. ^ "New Gaia Mural in Fishtown Asks, 'What Is The Aesthetic of Reinvestment/Gentrification?'". 5 June 2015. Retrieved 9 October 2016.
  33. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-28. Retrieved 2015-09-15.
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-05. Retrieved 2015-09-15.
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2015-10-02.
  36. ^ http://www.hotelcapannelle.com/en/street-art/
  37. ^ "W Bellevue Hotel to Open June 15, 2017". 1 June 2017.
  38. ^ "Noticias Guache y Gaia celebran los 50 años de 'Cien años de soledad' con un Mural en la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia". bibliotecanacional.gov.co.
  39. ^ "Porta a Mare: al via il 'Welcome to Pisa Festival' con il murale di Gaia".
  40. ^ "Slideshow: Delhi Street Art Festival makes its mark on the Indian capital – FSRN". fsrn.org.
  41. ^ "Peek Inside Kevin Plank's New Baltimore-Themed Hotel - Washingtonian". 6 April 2017.