Gaillardia aristata

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Gaillardia aristata
Gaillardia aristata.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Gaillardia
Species: G. aristata
Binomial name
Gaillardia aristata
Pursh 1813
Synonyms[1][2]

Gaillardia aristata is a North American species of flowering plants in the sunflower family known by the common names common blanketflower and common gaillardia.[3] This perennial wildflower is widespread across much of North America, from Yukon east to Québec and south as far as California, Arizona, Illinois, and Connecticut, although it may be naturalized rather than native in parts of that range.[4][3] It is also naturalized in scattered locations in Europe, Australia, and South America.[5]

Description[edit]

Gaillardia aristata grows in many habitats. It is a perennial herb reaching maximum heights of anywhere between 20–70 centimetres (7.9–27.6 in). It has lance-shaped leaves near the base and several erect, naked stems holding the flowers.[6]

Each flower head has a center of brownish or reddish purple disc florets and a fringe of ray florets which are about one to three centimeters (0.4-1.2 inches) long and yellow to reddish with dark bases.[6]

The fruit is a stout, hairy achene which may be over a centimeter (>0.4 inches) long including the long, spiky pappus.[6]

Uses[edit]

Some Plateau Indian tribes used blanketflower to treat wounds and settle fevers.[7]

Gaillardia aristata is a widely cultivated ornamental plant, used as a perennial garden flower.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gaillardia aristata". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  2. ^ "Gaillardia aristata". The Global Compositae Checklist (GCC) – via The Plant List.
  3. ^ a b Calflora taxon report, University of California, Gaillardia aristata Pursh, Blanketflower, common Indian blanket, common gaillardia
  4. ^ Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map green indicates native; teal or blue-green signifies introduced
  5. ^ Discover Life, Gaillardia aristata Pursh
  6. ^ a b c Strother, John L. (2006). "Gaillardia aristata". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee. Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 21. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  7. ^ Hunn, Eugene S. (1990). Nch'i-Wana, "The Big River": Mid-Columbia Indians and Their Land. University of Washington Press. p. 353. ISBN 0-295-97119-3.
  8. ^ Perennial Resource, where perennial lovers go for good dirt, Gaillardia aristata 'Arizona Sun'

External links[edit]