Gainsborough (UK Parliament constituency)

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Gainsborough
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Lincolnshire within England.
County Lincolnshire
Electorate 73,795 (December 2010)
Major settlements Market Rasen and Gainsborough
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Edward Leigh (Conservative)
Number of members One
18851983
Number of members One
Replaced by Gainsborough and Horncastle and Boothferry[1]
Created from North Lincolnshire
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East Midlands

Gainsborough is a constituency[n 1] in Lincolnshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1983 by Edward Leigh, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 that year, which lasted until it was reformed as Gainsborough and Horncastle on a boundary change for the 1983 election. That seat lasted until 1997, as from the mid nineties population changes led to removal of Horncastle from the seat and recreation of the old seat with largely similar boundaries.

Boundaries[edit]

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Lincoln, the Sessional Divisions of Epworth, Gainsborough, and Lincoln, and the civil parish of Bracebridge.

1918-1950: The Urban Districts of Crowle and Gainsborough, and the Rural Districts of Gainsborough, Isle of Axholme, and Welton.

1950-1983: The Urban Districts of Gainsborough and Market Rasen, and the Rural Districts of Caistor, Gainsborough, Isle of Axholme, and Welton.

1997-2010: The District of West Lindsey, and the District of East Lindsey wards of Binbrook and Wragby.

2010-present: The District of West Lindsey, and the District of East Lindsey ward of Wragby.

This constituency is named for its largest town of Gainsborough in Lincolnshire, on the west edge of the constituency, and comprises the West Lindsey district, and the Wragby ward of the East Lindsey district.

Constituency profile[edit]

This relatively vast rural seat north of Lincoln is named after the small market town at its western boundary. Regeneration projects are attempting to reduce pockets of severe deprivation in the constituency, but most of the area is affluent, albeit remote from many major cities, the closest conurbation is the city of Lincoln to the immediate south. Though arable farming dominates the landscape and noteworthy pig farming industry, see Lincolnshire sausages, agriculture is in decline and the service/creative sector dominates.[2] The seat has elected Conservative MPs since 1924 and is a stronghold.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 Joseph Bennett Liberal
1886 Henry Eyre Conservative
1892 Joseph Bennett Liberal
1895 Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge Liberal
1900 Seymour Fitzroy Ormsby-Gore Conservative
1906 Leslie Renton Liberal
1907 Liberal Unionist
1910 George Jackson Bentham Liberal
1918 John Elsdale Molson Unionist
1923 Richard Winfrey Liberal
1924 Harry Crookshank Conservative
1956 Marcus Kimball Conservative
1983 Edward Leigh Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Gainsborough[3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Leigh 25,949 52.7 +3.4
Labour David Prescott 10,500 21.3 +5.7
UKIP John Saxon[5] 7,727 15.7 +11.5
Liberal Democrat Lesley Rollings 3,290 6.7 -21.2
Green Geoff Barnes 1,290 2.6 +2.6
Lincolnshire Independent Chris Darcel 505 1.0 +1.0
Majority 15,449 31.4 +10.0
Turnout 48,261 67.3 -1.0
Conservative hold Swing -1.15
General Election 2010: Gainsborough[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Leigh 24,266 49.3 +5.4
Liberal Democrat Pat O'Connor 13,707 27.8 +1.8
Labour Jamie McMahon 7,701 15.6 -10.5
UKIP Steven Pearson 2,065 4.2 +0.1
BNP Malcolm Porter 1,512 3.1 +3.1
Majority 10,559 21.4 +3.9
Turnout 49,251 68.3 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Gainsborough[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Leigh 20,040 43.9 -2.3
Liberal Democrat Adrian Heath 12,037 26.4 -0.3
Labour John Knight 11,744 25.7 -1.4
UKIP Steven Pearson 1,860 4.1 +4.1
Majority 8,003 17.5 -1.6
Turnout 45,681 64.6 +0.4
Conservative hold Swing -1.0
General Election 2001: Gainsborough[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Leigh 19,555 46.2 +3.1
Labour Alan Rhodes 11,484 27.1 -1.7
Liberal Democrat Steve Taylor 11,280 26.7 -1.5
Majority 8,071 19.1 +4.8
Turnout 42,319 64.2 -10.3
Conservative hold Swing +2.4

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Gainsborough[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edward Leigh 20,593 43.1
Labour Paul Taylor 13,767 28.8
Liberal Democrat Neil Taylor 13,436 28.1 -1.5
Majority 6,826 14.3
Turnout 47,796 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections results following boundary changes[edit]

For 1983 - 1992, see Gainsborough and Horncastle (UK Parliament constituency)

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 24,040 46.4
Liberal Roger Blackmore 16,885 32.6
Labour Willy Bach 10,335 20.0
Independent Conservative R E August 570 1.1
Majority 7,155 13.6
Turnout 79.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 19,163 41.5
Liberal Roger Blackmore 15,195 32.9
Labour Terry J Lansbury 11,797 25.6
Majority 3,968 8.6
Turnout 74.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 22,177 44.2
Liberal Roger Blackmore 15,967 31.8
Labour Terry J Lansbury 12,011 24.0
Majority 6,210 12.4
Turnout 82.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 22,163 50.2
Labour Maurice P Tracy 14,454 32.7
Liberal Roger Blackmore 7,543 17.1
Majority 7,709 17.5
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 18,770 47.2
Labour Alan Day 14,904 37.5
Liberal Geoffrey R S Stevenson 6,064 15.3
Majority 3,866 9.7
Turnout 39,738 75.8
Conservative hold Swing +3.95
General Election 1964: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 19,235 47.7
Labour Douglas Poirier 12,126 30.1
Liberal Roy I Douglas 8,930 22.2
Majority 7,109 17.6
Turnout 78.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 20,056 49.6
Labour Henry Walston 13,247 32.8
Liberal Roy Douglas 7,147 17.7
Majority 6,809 16.8
Turnout 40,450 80.8
Conservative hold Swing
Gainsborough by-election, 1956
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marcus Kimball 12,836 40.8 -15.0
Labour Henry Walston 11,830 37.6 -6.6
Liberal Henry I Spence 6,806 21.6 +21.6
Majority 1,006 3.2 -8.4
Turnout 31,472
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Gainsborough[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Crookshank 22,576 55.8
Labour Gordon R Hawkins 17,107 44.2
Majority 4,469 11.6
Turnout 76.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Gainsborough[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Crookshank 19,915 49.1
Labour Gordon RS Hawkins 16,074 39.6
Liberal John Gregory 4,580 11.3
Majority 3,841 9.5
Turnout 80.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Crookshank 17,066 41.4
Labour Gerald Saville 14,890 36.1
Liberal Henry Spence 9,276 22.5
Majority 2,176 5.3
Turnout 83.5
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Crookshank 11,081 38.5
Labour Gerald Saville 9,436 32.8
Liberal Roy Robinson 8,284 28.8
Majority 1,645 5.7
Turnout 75.2
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40:

Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Crookshank 12,597 44.8
Liberal John Ferens 10,840 38.5
Labour E Pittwood 4,698 16.7
Majority 1,757 6.2
Turnout 80.4
Conservative hold Swing
Purchase
General Election 1931: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harry Crookshank 14,839 51.7
Liberal Henry Purchase 8,009 27.9
Labour George Deer 5,856 20.4
Majority 6,830 23.8
Turnout 28,704 83.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Neal
General Election 1929: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harry Crookshank 10,058 37.1
Liberal Arthur Neal 9,991 36.9
Labour George Deer 7,032 26.0
Majority 67 0.2
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Harry Crookshank 10,281 47.1 +9.0
Labour F J Knowles 5,958 27.3 +12.5
Liberal Richard Winfrey 5,590 25.6 -21.5
Majority 4,323 19.8 28.8
Turnout 21,829 79.0 +3.6
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +10.0
Winfrey
General Election 1923: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Richard Winfrey 9,694 47.1
Unionist John Molson 7,841 38.1
Labour James Read 3,039 14.8
Majority 1,853 9.0
Turnout 20,574 75.4
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1922: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist John Molson 9,015
Liberal Joel Seaverns 7,216
Labour James Read 4,884
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Gainsborough
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 8,634 56.8
Liberal George Jackson Bentham 6,556 43.2
Majority
Turnout
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Gainsborough [13][14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Bennett 4,955 56.3 n/a
Conservative Charles Alexander Sim 3,850 43.7 n/a
Majority 1,105 12.6 n/a
Turnout 79.3 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Gainsborough [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Henry Eyre 4,123 50.5 +6.8
Liberal Joseph Bennett 4,038 49.5 -6.8
Majority 85 1.0 13.6
Turnout 73.5 -5.8
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Gainsborough [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Bennett 4,945 55.1 +5.6
Conservative Henry Eyre 4,037 44.9 -5.6
Majority 908 10.2 11.2
Turnout 77.8 +4.3
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +5.6
Bainbridge
General Election 1895: Gainsborough [13][14][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge 5,077 54.1 -1.0
Conservative Edward Pearson 4,301 45.9 +1.0
Majority 776 8.2 -2.0
Turnout 71.8 -6.0
Liberal hold Swing -1.0

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Gainsborough [13][14][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Seymour Fitzroy Ormsby-Gore 4,661 50.2 +4.3
Liberal Emerson Muschamp Bainbridge 4,624 49.8 -4.3
Majority 37 0.4 8.6
Turnout 75.3 +3.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +4.3
Renton
General Election 1906: Gainsborough [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Leslie Renton 5,922 53.9 +4.1
Conservative Charles Moreing 5,071 46.1 -4.1
Majority 851 7.8 8.2
Turnout 88.9 +13.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +4.1

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Gainsborough [13][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Jackson Bentham 6,178 52.2 -1.7
Conservative Robert Henderson 5,663 47.8 +1.7
Majority 515 4.4 -3.4
Turnout 89.9 +1.0
Liberal hold Swing -1.7
General Election December 1910: Gainsborough [13][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Jackson Bentham 5,825 50.3 -1.9
Conservative Archibald Weigall 5,745 49.7 +1.9
Majority 80 0.6 -3.8
Turnout 87.9 -2.0
Liberal hold Swing -1.9

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "'Gainsborough', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 22 March 2016. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ 2001 Census
  3. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  4. ^ "Gainsborough parliamentary constituency". BBC News. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "UKIP candidate John Saxon will challenge veteran Tory Sir Edward Leigh's seat in Gainsborough and Market Rasen". Lincolnshire Echo. 19 January 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "UK > England > East Midlands > Gainsborough". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955. 
  12. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  14. ^ a b c d e f The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  16. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  18. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  19. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 53°21′N 0°30′W / 53.35°N 0.50°W / 53.35; -0.50